Place:Thornaby on Tees, North Riding of Yorkshire, England

NameThornaby on Tees
Alt namesSouth Stocktonsource: from redirect
Thornaby-on-Teessource: name variation
Thornabysource: wikipedia
TypeChapelry, Civil parish, Borough (municipal)
Coordinates54.556°N 1.305°W
Located inNorth Riding of Yorkshire, England     ( - 1974)
Also located inYorkshire, England    
Cleveland, England     (1974 - 1996)
North Yorkshire, England     (1996 - )
See alsoStainton in Cleveland, North Riding of Yorkshire, Englandancient parish in which it was a chapelry
Langbaurgh West Wapentake, North Riding of Yorkshire, Englandwapentake in which it was located
Teesside, Cleveland, Englandconnurbation of which it was part in 1974-1996
Stockton on Tees, Durham, Englandunitary authority covering the area since 1996
source: Family History Library Catalog

the following text is a condensation of an article in Wikipedia

Thornaby is said to have come into existence about 800 AD when the land was given by Halfdene (Halfdan Ragnarsson), King of the Danes, to Thormod, one of his noblemen, hence "Thormods-by" or Thormod's farmstead. Although the -by suffix originally meant a farmstead, many of these grew into villages, taking the -by suffix with them in their names.

Town formation

Over the centuries there have been a number of different spellings of the name Thornaby including Turmozbi, Tormozbi, Tormozbia and Thurmozbi. The form Thornaby first appears in 1665 and refers to old Thornaby village near the River Tees.

In 1825, Thornaby, centred around St Peter's Church and the old village green was gradually overshadowed by the burgeoning newly-named town of South Stockton two miles away. Like Thornaby, South Stockton was on the Yorkshire side of the river Tees and opposite Stockton on Tees in County Durham. It was not until the local government act of 1863 that the district of South Stockton officially came into being. In 1825 South Stockton became the site of William Smith's pottery and the area quickly grew with the establishment of shipbuilding and engineering. Stockton-on-Tees Council made two attempts to take over the local board of South Stockton, first in 1869 and again in 1883, but without success. On 6 October 1892 South Stockton and the original Thornaby merged into one to form the "Municipal Borough of Thornaby on Tees".

Civic history

Thornaby lies within the historic county boundaries of the North Riding of Yorkshire, and was made a municipal borough in 1892. Prior to that it was a chapelry in the ecclesiastical Stainton in Cleveland in the Langbaurgh West Wapentake.

In 1968 it was amalgamated with other boroughs including Middlesbrough and Stockton on Tees to form the county borough of Teesside. In 1974 the area was reorganized and Thornaby became part of the borough of Stockton on Tees in the new non-metropolitan county of Cleveland. Within the unitary authority of Stockton on Tees, in 1995, Thornaby Town Council was created.

Cleveland County was short-lived. It was abolished in 1996 and was replaced with the single tier unitary authorities of Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland, Stockton on Tees and Hartlepool. The former areas of Cleveland County were returned to their original counties for ceremonial purposes with Stockton on Tees becoming the only local authority in the country to be split between two counties, Durham to the north of the river and Yorkshire to the south.

Research Tips

This is by far the most complete history of the parishes of the county to be found online. The chapters are ordered by the divisions of the county called wapentakes, but each chapter is linked to the volume's content page.
  • GENUKI has a page on all three ridings of Yorkshire and pages for each of the ecclesiastical parishes in the county. Under each parish there is a list of the settlements within it and brief description of each.
These are based on a gazetteer dated 1835 and there may have been a number of alterations to the parish setup since then. However, it is worthwhile information for the pre civil registration era. GENUKI provides references to other organizations who hold genealogical information for the local area. There is no guarantee that the website has been kept up to date and the submitter is very firm about his copyright. This should not stop anyone from reading the material.
  • The FamilyTree Wiki has a series of pages similar to those provided by GENUKI which may have been prepared at a later date. The wiki has a link to English Jurisdictions 1851 which gives the registration district and wapentake for each parish, together with statistics from the 1851 census for the area.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time, Yorkshire North Riding, section "Units and Statistics" leads to analyses of population and organization of the county from about 1800 through 1974. There are pages available for all civil parishes, municipal boroughs and other administrative divisions. Descriptions provided are usually based on a gazetteer of 1870-72.
  • Map of the North Riding divisions in 1888 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time
  • Map of North Riding divisions in 1944 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time
  • The above two maps indicate the boundaries between parishes, etc., but for a more detailed view of a specific area try a map from this selection. The oldest series are very clear at the third magnification offered. Comparing the map details with the GENUKI details for the same area is well worthwhile.
  • Yorkshire has a large number of family history and genealogical societies. A list of the societies will be found on the Yorkshire, England page.
  • In March 2018 Ancestry announced that its file entitled "Yorkshire, England: Church of England Parish Records, 1538-1873" has been expanded to include another 94 parishes (across the three ridings) and expected it to be expanded further during the year. The entries are taken from previously printed parish registers.
  • The chapter of the Victoria County History, published 1923, dealing with Stainton in Cleveland parish.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Thornaby on Tees. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.