Place:Sri Lanka

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NameSri Lanka
Alt namesCeilansource: Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) p 96
Ceilánsource: Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-63
Ceylansource: Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) p 74
Ceylonsource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) XXVIII, 179
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lankasource: NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Ilamsource: Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-108
Ilangai Jananayaka Socialisa Kudiarasusource: Britannica Book of the Year (1991) p 703
Ilaṅkaisource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) XXVIII, 179
Lankasource: Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 348; Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 238
Laṅkāsource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) XXVIII, 179
Sarandibsource: Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 355
Saylansource: Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 354
Serendibsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 238
Serendipsource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 887-888
Sihalasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-195
Siṃhaladvīpasource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) XXVIII, 179
Sri Lankā Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajayasource: Britannica Book of the Year (1991) p 703; Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 718
Ī̲lamsource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) XXVIII, 179
Śri Laṅkāsource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) XXVIII, 179
TypeNation
Coordinates7°N 81°E
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Sri Lanka (;  ; Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea. The island is historically and culturally intertwined with the Indian subcontinent, but is geographically separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. The legislative capital, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, is a suburb of the commercial capital and largest city, Colombo.

Sri Lanka's documented history spans 3,000 years, with evidence of pre-historic human settlements dating back to at least 125,000 years. It has a rich cultural heritage and the first known Buddhist writings of Sri Lanka, the Pāli Canon, date back to the Fourth Buddhist council in 29 BC. Its geographic location and deep harbours made it of great strategic importance from the time of the ancient Silk Road through to the modern Maritime Silk Road.

Sri Lanka was known from the beginning of British colonial rule as Ceylon. A nationalist political movement arose in the country in the early 20th century to obtain political independence, which was granted in 1948; the country became a republic and adopted its current name in 1972. Sri Lanka's recent history has been marred by a 26-year civil war, which decisively ended when the Sri Lanka Armed Forces defeated the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in 2009.

The current constitution stipulates the political system as a republic and a unitary state governed by a semi-presidential system. It has had a long history of international engagement, as a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), and a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the G77, and the Non-Aligned Movement. Along with the Maldives, Sri Lanka is one of only two South Asian countries rated "high" on the Human Development Index (HDI), with its HDI rating and per capita income the highest among South Asian nations.[1] The Sri Lankan constitution accords Buddhism the "foremost place", although it does not identify it as a state religion. Buddhism is given special privileges in the Sri Lankan constitution.

The island is home to many cultures, languages and ethnicities. The majority of the population is from the Sinhalese ethnicity, while a large minority of Tamils have also played an influential role in the island's history. Moors, Burghers, Malays, Chinese, and the indigenous Vedda are also established groups on the island.

Contents

How places in Sri Lanka are organized

All places in Sri Lanka

Further information on historical place organization in Sri Lanka

Research Tips

Ceylon in Wikipedia NL - wikipedia:nl:Ceylon (VOC-gebied) - wikipedia:nl:Lijst van gouverneurs van Nederlands-Ceylon

Dutch Burgher Union of Ceylon en indexen op de Navorscher



This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Sri Lanka. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.