Place:Scott, Kentucky, United States

source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Scott is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,173. Its county seat is Georgetown.

Scott County is part of the Lexington–Fayette, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Aboriginal peoples inhabited the Scott County area for at least the last 15,000 years. Evidence of the Adena culture (800 B.C. - 800 A.D.) has been identified, including several significant Adena mounds.



The Scott County area was explored by white explorers as early as 1774. An early settler was John McClelland of Pennsylvania, who built McLelland's Fort overlooking the Georgetown spring. British-allied Native Americans attacked the post in 1777, during the American Revolution, and the fort was then abandoned. In 1783 a permanent settlement was established when Robert and Jemima Johnson built Johnson Station (later renamed Great Crossing), near the north fork of Elkhorn Creek (five miles west of present Georgetown).

This area was original part of the Virginia colony's frontier. In 1776 the Virginia legislature organized the western portion of its land as Kentucky County. In 1780 the county was divided into three large counties: Lincoln, Jefferson, and Fayette. In 1788, a portion of Fayette County was separate and became Woodford County.

On June 1, 1792, the new state of Kentucky became effective. An early act of the new state legislature divided Woodford County into two counties. One of these became Scott County, named for General Charles Scott, a Revolutionary War hero, who would serve as Kentucky's fourth governor (1808-1812). Its area was taken from the existing Woodford County. Other counties established before the end of 1792 were Clark, Shelby, Logan, and Green counties.

In 1784, Elijah Craig (1743-1808), a Virginia preacher, induced the Virginia legislature to incorporate the town of Lebanon, near the site of McLelland's Fort. In 1790 the town's name was changed to George Town, to honor then-President George Washington. Elijah Craig is also credited with founding the county's first classical school, the first sawmill, the first gristmill, the first fulling and paper mill, the first ropewalk, and (possibly) the area's first bourbon whiskey. In December 27, 1787, edition of the Kentucky Gazette, he solicited scholars to study at an academy that would open in January 1788 "in Lebanon town," and would offer courses in Latin, Greek,and "such branches of the sciences as are usually taught in public seminaries." Ten years later the school was absorbed by the Rittenhouse Academy, which was given by the state some 5,900 acres in Christian and Cumberland counties so that they might sell the land to benefit their endowment fund. The academy, in turn, was absorbed by Georgetown College in 1829.

The community went into a decline after the death of Elijah Craig in 1808. When Elder Barton Warren Stone (1772-1844), a founder of the Christian Churches movement during the Great Revival, moved to Georgetown in 1816 to become principal of Rittenhouse Academy, he found the community "notorious for its wickedness and irreligion."

In 1825, the Choctaw Nation established the Choctaw Academy at Blue Spring in Scott County. They operated the school for Choctaw boys until 1842, when it was closed. The staff and records moved to the Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory, where the Choctaw Nation had been relocated in the 1830s. In 1844 the Spencer Academy opened as the school for Choctaw boys, while a school was also opened for girls. Later in the century, they allowed Baptist missionaries to found the Armstrong Academy there.

During the American Civil War, Scott County furnished the Union Army with 118 soldiers, while about 1,000 enlisted in the Confederate Army. On November 18, 1861, Scott County native George W. Johnson was elected the provisional Confederate governor of Kentucky.

Scott County is a moist county, meaning that is a dry county with a wet city (Georgetown) within it.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1792 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1792 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1793 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1796 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1800 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1820 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1837 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1852 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1800 8,007
1810 12,419
1820 14,219
1830 14,677
1840 13,668
1850 14,946
1860 14,417
1870 11,607
1880 14,965
1890 16,546
1900 18,076
1910 16,956
1920 15,318
1930 14,400
1940 14,314
1950 15,141
1960 15,376
1970 17,948
1980 21,813
1990 23,867

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Scott County, Kentucky, United States

Research Tips

External links

Rootsweb Scott County, Kentucky



This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Scott County, Kentucky. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.