Place:Sandbach, Cheshire, England

Alt namesBrickhousessource: from redirect
Ettiley Heathsource: from redirect
Forge Fieldssource: from redirect
Hindheathsource: from redirect
Boothlane Headsource: from redirect
Sanbecsource: Domesday Book (1985) p 54
Sanbecosource: Domesday Book (1985) p 54
TypeTown, Urban district
Coordinates53.15°N 2.367°W
Located inCheshire, England
See alsoNorthwich Hundred, Cheshire, Englandhundred in which it was located
Congleton District, Cheshire, Englanddistrict municipality covering the area 1974-2009
Cheshire East District, Cheshire, Englanddistrict municipality and unitary authority covering the area since 2009
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Sandbach (pronounced sand-batch) is a market town and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. The civil parish contains four significant settlements; Sandbach itself, Wheelock, which was formerly a civil parish, and Elworth and Ettiley Heath which were not.

Today's civil parish includes the hamlets of Boothlane Head, Brickhouses, Ettiley Heath, Forge Fields, Hindheath. In 1936 Elworth and Marsh Green were transferred from the parish of Bradwall, as was Elton in Warmingham (238 acres, pop. 287 in 1931) and the whole of the civil parish of Wheelock (562 acres, pop. 494 in 1931) The population was 1,844 in 1801, 4,659 in 1851, 5,558 in 1901, 9,253 in 1951, and 17,630 in 2001. (Partly sourced from GENUKI)

Sandbach is noted for building trucks and lorries under the names "Foden" and "ERF" (separate companies but owned by members of the same family). Neither company now exists in the town. The lorry factories were also the home of well-known brass bands.


Ecclesiastical Administration

GENUKI provides the following information

Sandbach was originally a township in Sandbach Ancient Parish in Northwich Hundred which became a civil parish in 1866. The ancient parish church was St. Mary's. Until 1724 the ancient parish included the townships Arclid, Betchton, Blackden, Bradwall, Church Hulme, Cotton, Cranage, Goostrey cum Barnshaw, Hassall, Leese, Twemlow, Wheelock and part of the township of Rudheath.

The district was affected by the following boundary changes:

  • 1724 — reduced when the townships of Blackden, Goostrey cum Barnshaw and Twemlow were transferred to St. Luke's Church in Goostrey.
  • 1733 — reduced when the townships of Church Hulme, Cotton and Cranage were transferred to St. Luke's Church in Church Hulme.
  • 1843 — reduced when the townships of Betchton, Hassall, parts of Sandbach, and Wheelock were transferred to Christ Church in Wheelock.
  • 1847 — reduced when parts of the townships of Bradwall and Sandbach were transferred to St. Peter's Church in the village of Elworth (within Sandbach civil parish).
  • 1848— reduced when the township of Leese and part of the township of Rudheath were transferred to the church of St. John the Evangelist in Byley.
  • 1861 — reduced when the township of Arclid, and parts of the townships of Betchton and Sandbach, were transferred to the church of St. John the Evangelist in Sandbach Heath.

Other local churches founded before 1850:

  • Sandbach, St. Winefride (Roman Catholic), Middlewich Road. Built in 1865, rebuilt in 1813.
  • Sandbach, Wesleyan Methodist Chapel. Founded in 1788 on Middlewich Road, rebuilt in 1871 in Wesley Avenue. (Registers 1834-1838 are at the Cheshire Record Office).
  • Sandbach, Primitive Methodist Chapel. Built in 1832 on Union Street, rebuilt in 1857 in Wells Street, closed in 1950. (Registers 1911-1946 are at the Cheshire Record Office).
  • Sandbach, Providence Methodist Chapel (Free Methodist), Bradwall Road. Built in 1839, closed in 1964. (Registers 1863-1964 are at the Cheshire Record Office).
  • Sandbach Heath, Methodist Chapel (Wesleyan). Built in 1851, closed in 1902.
  • Sandbach, Wesleyan Methodist Chapel. Built in 1882.
  • Ettiley Heath Methodist Chapel (Primitive). Built in 1888.
  • Sandbach Independent or Congregational (now United Reformed), Hope Street. Built in 1807. (Registers 1799-1837 are at the Cheshire Record Office).


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Known as Sanbec in 1086, Sondbache (also Sondebache) in 1260, and Sandbitch in the 17–18th centuries, Sandbach derives its name from the Anglo-Saxon sand bæce, which can mean "sand stream" or "sand valley".

Traces of settlement are found in Sandbach from Saxon times, when the town was called Sanbec. Little is known about the town during this period, except that it was subjected to frequent Welsh and Danish raids. The town's inhabitants were converted to Christianity in the 7th century by four priests: Cedda, Adda, Betti and Diuma.[1] The town has an entry in the Domesday Book from 1086, at which time it was sufficiently large to need a priest and a church.[1] The entry states:

Sanbec: Bigot de Loges. 1 hide and 1½ virgates pay tax. Land for 2 ploughs. 1 Frenchman has ½ plough, 3 slaves. 2 villagers have ½ plough. Church. Woodland. Value TRE 4s; now 8s.

By the 13th century, during the reign of King John much of the land around the township of Sandbach was owned by Richard de Sandbach who was the High Sheriff of Cheshire in 1230.[1] Richard de Sandbach specifically owned a manor, he claimed an interest in the living of Sandbach. This claim against Earl Randle de Blundeville was unsuccessful. His son, John, however was slightly more successful as he won an 'interest' temporarily against the Abbot of Dieulacres only for it to be lost when it went to the King's Bench.

The manor in Sandbach passed through numerous families, including the Leghs and Radclyffes. It was eventually bought by Sir Randulph (or Randle) Crewe, who became the Lord of the Manor.

Sandbach has been a market town since 1579 when it was granted a Royal Charter by Elizabeth I due to the petitioning of Sir John Radclyffe of Ordsall who, as the largest landowner in Sandbach and the owner of the Sandbach Old Hall, encouraged the farmers of the area to hold a market in the town on Thursdays. The charter also allowed for right to establish a Court-leet and a Court of Pied-powder.[2] The original charter is still preserved, and can be found in Chester; a reproduction can be found in the Sandbach Town Council chamber, which is at the Literary Institution. The charter also granted the town the right to hold two annual fairs, which lasted for two days, and were held around Easter and early September. Today the Thursday market is still held outdoors on Scotch Common, and in and around the Town Hall.[3]

Civil war and Commonwealth

During the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, a Scottish army swept down into England before being forced to retreat at the Battle of Worcester. On 3 September 1651 Sandbach summer fair was being held, and a Scottish army of around 1,000 exhausted cavalry men passed through the town; this army had been under the command of David Leslie.[1] The town was not an easy retreat route however, as the people of Sandbach and the market stallholders attacked the Scottish army. A newspaper of the time said:

The dispute was very hot for two or three houres, and there were some townsmen hurt and two or three slaine, the Townesman slew about nine or ten and tooke 100 prisoners.

This was the only notable event of the Civil War to have happened in Sandbach. As the fair and the fight took place on the common of the town, after this event the common gained the name Scotch Common.

17th century to present day

During the 17th century, the town used to be famous for its ale:

And about 1621 William Webb writes that "Our ale here at Sandbach being no less famous than that [at Derby] of a true nappe".

In 1836 Sandbach silk mills employed 554 people, including 98 boys and girls under 12 years old. In 1801 the population was 1844, by 1851 this had reached 4659. Sandbach became a civil parish in 1866. The records from 1901 show a population of 5568. The Sandbach Corn Mill was a three-story brick building built in the late 19th century, on what is now Mill Hill Lane.

In 1936 parts of the area of Bradwall, all of Elton and Wheelock were added, significantly increasing the parishes size. The Hamlets transferred from Bradwall were Boothlane Head, Brickhouses, Ettiley Heath, Forge Fields, Hindheath, Elworth and Marsh Green. By 1951 the population had reached 9253. In 1933 the ERF lorry company was founded

During Warship Week in December 1941 Sandbach adopted HMS Vimiera as its affiliated ship. The Vimiera was lost on 9 January 1942 when it was sunk by a mine in the Thames estuary off East Spile Buoy with the loss of 96 hands.

Research Tips

  • The GENUKI and UKBMD pages on Cheshire and its parishes point to many other sources of information on places within the county. The many small parishes and townships that existed before 1866 are treated individually as well as the larger towns and conurbations.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time provides a series of maps from the Ordnance Survey illustrating the towns and villages of Cheshire and also the borders between parishes. The following group of maps provide views of the county at various dates, illustrating the changes in administrative structure.
  • Cheshire Archives and Local Studies have organized a facility to compare 19th century maps (including tithe maps circa 1830) with modern Ordnance Survey maps. These are available for every civil parish. The detail is very magnified and it is difficult to read any placenames on the older maps. Cheshire Archives and Local Studies are the local keepers of historical material for the county.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Sandbach. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.