Place:San Marino


NameSan Marino
Alt namesMost Serene Republic of San Marinosource: Britannica Book of the Year (1992) p 692
Repubblica di San Marinosource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 565-566
Republic of San Marinosource: NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998); Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Saint-Marinsource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 78
Serenissima Repubblica di San Marinosource: Wikipedia
Coordinates43.933°N 12.417°E
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

San Marino, officially the Republic of San Marino[1], also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino, is a small country (and a European microstate) in Southern Europe enclaved by Italy. Located on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains, San Marino covers a land area of just over , and has a population of 33,562.

San Marino is a landlocked country but the northeastern end is within of the Italian city of Rimini on the Adriatic Sea. The nearest airport is also in Italy. The country's capital city, the City of San Marino, is located atop Monte Titano, while its largest settlement is Dogana within the largest municipality of Serravalle. San Marino's official language is Italian.

The country derives its name from Saint Marinus, a stonemason from the then-Roman island of Rab in present-day Croatia. Born in AD 275, Marinus participated in the rebuilding of Rimini's city walls after their destruction by Liburnian pirates. Marinus then went on to found an independently ruled monastic community on Monte Titano in AD 301; thus, San Marino lays claim to being the oldest extant sovereign state, as well as the oldest constitutional republic.

Uniquely, San Marino's constitution dictates that its democratically elected legislature, the Grand and General Council, must elect two heads of state every six months. Known as captains regent, the two heads of state serve concurrently and hold equal powers until their term expires after six months.

The country's economy is mainly based on finance, industry, services and tourism. It is one of the wealthiest countries in the world in GDP per capita, with a figure comparable to the most developed European regions.


How places in San Marino are organized

All places in San Marino

Further information on historical place organization in San Marino

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