Place:Saline, Illinois, United States

NameSaline
Alt namesSalinesource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeCounty
Coordinates37.767°N 88.55°W
Located inIllinois, United States     (1847 - )
See alsoGallatin, Illinois, United StatesParent county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Saline County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 24,913. Its county seat is Harrisburg. It is located in the southern portion of Illinois known locally as "Little Egypt".

There are three major towns in Saline County connected by U.S. Route 45, and formerly by the now abandoned Cairo and Vincennes/Big Four/New York Central Line, from north to south, Eldorado, Harrisburg, and Carrier Mills.

Saline County is currently the 79th wealthiest county in the state, out of 102.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Saline County was formed from Gallatin County in 1847. It is named for the Saline River and the springs which salt was produced from in the early history of Gallatin County.

Saline County was almost named "Moredock County", in honor of John Moredock, who was known the "Indian slayer". A militia officer and a member of the territorial legislature, Moredock had lost his mother and brother in an Indian attack in 1786, when they were traveling from Pennsylvania to Illinois down the Ohio River. Moredock had been traveling with another group, which arrived on the scene to find Moredock's mother's body horribly mutilated. He managed to tracked down and kill every member of the band that did it, and he thereafter spent much of his life ambushing and killing Native Americans, hostile or not. Controversial because of this, he was nevertheless a popular figure in early Illinois. Moredock died in 1830.

The creation of Saline County itself was extremely controversial. Illinois originally had a small number of very large counties. As more settlers arrived, new counties were formed from the original counties. Gallatin County was formed in 1812, but it soon was divided into fifteen counties, with what remained of Gallatin county becoming what is now Saline County. This persisted for several decades after the era of rapid formation of counties.

Old Shawneetown was the original county seat of Gallatin County. At that time Old Shawneetown was the largest city and commercial center of Illinois. It was, however, located on the eastern edge of the County. In 1826, the county seat was moved to the new village of Equality, near the center of what was then Gallatin County. Old Shawneetown opposed this move, and sought redress by splitting off Saline County, with the aim of moving the County seat of what remained back to Old Shawneetown. Thus the impetus for the formation of Saline County came not from settlers at the fringe of the county, but from the core of the original county.

Saline County was created by a voice vote in the General Assembly in 1847. Completion of the formation of the county, however, involved three acts of the General Assembly, four decisions of the Illinois Supreme Court and two referendums. The controversy came to involve the leading attorneys of Illinois, including Abraham Lincoln.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1817 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1845 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1847 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1847 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1848 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1850 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1850 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1877 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1850 5,588
1860 9,331
1870 12,714
1880 15,940
1890 19,342
1900 21,685
1910 30,204
1920 38,353
1930 37,100
1940 38,066
1950 33,420
1960 26,227
1970 25,721
1980 28,448
1990 26,551

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Saline County, Illinois, United States

Research Tips

External Links

  • Outstanding guide to Saline County family history and genealogy resources (FamilySearch Research Wiki). Birth, marriage, and death records, censuses, wills, deeds, county histories, cemeteries, churches, naturalizations, newspapers, libraries, and genealogical societies.
  • www.rootsweb.com/~ilsaline


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Saline County, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.