Place:Salem, New Jersey, United States


Alt namesSalemsource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Coordinates39.567°N 75.317°W
Located inNew Jersey, United States     (1694 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Salem County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. Its county seat is Salem.[1] The county is part of the Delaware Valley area. As of the 2010 Census, the county's population was 66,083,[2] increasing by 1,798 (+2.8%) from the 64,285 counted in the 2000 Census,[3] retaining its position as the state's least populous county.[4] The most populous place was Pennsville Township, with 13,409 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Lower Alloways Creek Township, covered , the largest total area of any municipality.[4]

While a court was established in the area in 1681, Salem County was first formally established within West Jersey on May 17, 1694, from the Salem Tenth. Pittsgrove Township was transferred to Cumberland County in April 1867, but was restored to Salem County in February 1868.

The Old Salem County Courthouse, situated on the same block as the Salem County Courthouse, serves as the court for Salem City. It is the oldest active courthouse in New Jersey and is the second oldest courthouse in continuous use in the United States, the oldest being King William County Courthouse in Virginia. The courthouse was built in 1735 during the reign of King George II using locally manufactured bricks. The building was enlarged in 1817 and additionally enlarged and remodeled in 1908. Its distinctive bell tower is essentially unchanged and the original bell sits in the courtroom.

Judge William Hancock of the King's Court presided at the courthouse. He was later unintentionally killed by the British in the American Revolutionary War during the massacre of Hancock House committed by the British against local militia during the Salem Raid in 1778. The courthouse was afterwards the scene of the "treason trials," wherein suspected Loyalists were put on trial for having allegedly aided the British during the Salem Raid. Four men were convicted and sentenced to death for treason; however, they were pardoned by Governor William Livingston and exiled from New Jersey. The courthouse is also the site of the legend of Colonel Robert Gibbon Johnson proving the edibility of the tomato. Before 1820, Americans often assumed tomatoes were poisonous. In 1820, Colonel Johnson, according to legend, stood upon the courthouse steps and ate tomatoes in front of a large amazed crowd assembled to watch him do so.

Salem County is also notable for its distinctive Quaker-inspired architecture and masonry styles of the 18th century.



Date Event Source
1694 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1790 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 10,437
1800 11,371
1810 12,761
1820 14,022
1830 14,155
1840 16,024
1850 19,467
1860 22,458
1870 23,940
1880 24,579
1890 25,151
1900 25,530
1910 26,999
1920 36,572
1930 36,834
1940 42,274
1950 49,508
1960 58,711
1970 60,346
1980 64,676
1990 65,294


Cemeteries of Salem County, New Jersey, United States

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