Place:Rudchester, Northumberland, England

Alt namesRouchestersource: Family History Library Catalog
Vindobalasource: Perseus Digital Library (2000) based on Princeton, accessed 7 March 2001
Vindovalasource: Athena, Romano-British Sites [online] (2000)
TypeTownship, Civil parish
Coordinates55.001°N 1.826°W
Located inNorthumberland, England     ( - 1955)
See alsoOvingham, Northumberland, Englandancient parish in which it was a township
Tynedale Ward, Northumberland, Englandancient county division in which it was located
Hexham Rural, Northumberland, Englandrural district of which it was part 1894-1955
Heddon on the Wall, Northumberland, Englandcivil parish into which it was absorbed in 1955
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

NOTE: There is also a parish of Rochester further north in Northumberland on the Scottish border.

A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Rudchester from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:

"RUDCHESTER, or Rouchester, a township in Ovingham parish, Northumberland; on the Roman wall, 8½ miles W N W of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Acres: 644. Population: 58. Houses: 11. The Roman station Vindobala was here; is still slightly traceable; and has furnished four altars, a Hercules, bricks, coins, and other relics. A mediæval stronghold also was here, and became the nucleus of a modern farm-house."

Rudchester was originally a township in the ancient parish of Ovingham. It became a separate civil parish in 1866. From 1894 it was part of Hexham Rural District. In 1955 it was absorbed into the civil parish of Heddon on the Wall.

Wikipedia describes the Roman settlement of Vindobala, but only mentions Rudchester as being the modern location of Vindobala.

Research Tips

  • Northumberland Archives previously known as Northumberland Collections Service and Northumberland County Record Office. Now based within Woodhorn Museum in Ashington and providing free access to numerous records for local and family historians alike.
Full postal address: Museum and Northumberland Archives, Queen Elizabeth II Country Park, Ashington, Northumberland, NE63 9YF; Phone: 01670 624455
There is a branch office in Berwick upon Tweed.