Place:Llanelli, Carmarthenshire, Wales

Watchers
NameLlanelli
Alt namesLlanellysource: Family History Library Catalog
TypeBorough (municipal)
Coordinates51.683°N 4.15°W
Located inCarmarthenshire, Wales
Also located inDyfed, Wales     (1974 - 1996)
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Llanelli ("St Elli's Parish"; ) is the largest town in both the county of Carmarthenshire and the preserved county of Dyfed, Wales. Located on the Loughor estuary, approximately west-northwest of Swansea and southeast of the county town, Carmarthen, LLanelli is famous for its proud rugby tradition and is a centre of tinplate production.

There are many villages and communities in the Llanelli Rural district. Those that immediately surround the town are often unofficially referred to as Llanelli.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The first beginnings of Llanelli can be found on the lands of present day Parc Howard. An Iron Age hill fort once stood which was called Bryn-Caerau (hill of the forts). Evidence suggests that there were many as 5 hill forts from Old Road to the Dimpath. During the dark ages a saint named Elli or Ellyw who in legend is the son or daughter (gender not known) of King Brychan set up a church on the banks of the Afon Lliedi. It was around this time that the people of Bryn-Caerau began to come down the hill either to the Felinfoel area or to near Saint Ellyw's church. This was the start of the building of the town and its church. Originally the church would've been a wooden or partly stone thatched chapel. It wasn't until the 1200s that they built the stone tower and a stone church. However the church (excluding the tower) was rebuilt at the beginning of the 20th century. The reason the church still looks old is for it was rebuilt with the same stones with the same plan. Historically a mining town, Llanelli grew significantly in the 18th century and 19th century with the mining of coal and later the tinplate industry and steelworks. Many of these industries were served by the Llanelly and Mynydd Mawr Railway which opened in 1803.

Llanelli became such a significant regional producer of tin that it was referred to as "Tinopolis" by the latter half of the 19th century. The closure of coal mines and competition from overseas steel plants meant that Llanelli, like many other towns in southern Wales, saw significant and sustained economic decline from the late 1970s.

People from Llanelli are sometimes nicknamed "Turks". The origin of this name is uncertain. One theory is that many Turkish sailors once called at the port of Llanelli during their voyages.

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