Place:Khartoum, Sudan


Alt namesAl Khartumsource: Wikipedia
al-Khartūmsource: Britannica Book of the Year (1999) p 713
Al-Kharṭoūmsource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-5
Al-Kharṭūm regionsource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Al-Khurṭūmsource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1985) VI, 833
Khartumsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) p 606
Coordinates15.767°N 32.517°E
Located inSudan
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Khartoum is one of the eighteen states of Sudan. Although it is the smallest state by area (22,142 km2), it is the most populous (5,274,321 in 2008 census).[1] It contains the country's largest city by population, Omdurman, and the city of Khartoum, which is the capital of the state as well as the national capital of Sudan. The capital city contains offices of the state, governmental and non-governmental organizations, cultural institutions, and the main airport.

The city is located in the heart of Sudan at the confluence of the White Nile and the Blue Nile, where the two rivers unite to form the River Nile. The confluence of the two rivers creates a unique effect. As they join, each river retains its own color: the White Nile with its bright whiteness and the Blue Nile with its alluvial brown color. These colors are more visible in the flood season.

The state lies between longitudes 31.5 to 34 °E and latitudes 15 to 16 °N. It is surrounded by River Nile State in the north-east, in the north-west by the Northern State, in the east and southeast by the states of Kassala, Gedaref and Gezira, and in the west by North Kurdufan.

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