Place:Georgia (country)

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NameGeorgia (country)
Alt namesGeorgia
Georgian SSRsource: Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 288
Gruzijasource: Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961); USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
Gruzinskayasource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 244
Gruzinskaya Sovetskaja Socialističeskaja Respublikasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-98
Gruzinskaya SSRsource: Times Atlas of the World (1988)
Géorgiesource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 52
Iberiasource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 436-437
Republic of Georgiasource: Wikipedia
Sakartvelosource: Wikipedia
Sakartvelos Respublikissource: Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 611
TypeCountry
Coordinates42°N 43.5°E
Also located inRussia     (1783 - 1918)
Soviet Union     (1922 - 1991)
Contained Places
Autonomous region
Jugo-Osetija
Autonomous republic
Abkhazia
Ajaria
District
Senaki
Tbilisi
Historic province
Kverno Kartli
Historical province/region
Khevsuretiya
Kvemo Kartli
Lechkhum Region
Lechkhum
Mingreliya ( 1991 - )
Racha
Svanetiya
Historical region
Abasgia
Colchis
Lazica
Osetiya
Pshavetiya
Inhabited place
Abastumani
Adigeni
Agara
Akhmeta
Ambrolauri
Anaklia
Ateni
Avchala
Avranlo
Bakuriani
Barisakho
Batsaligo
Bogdanovka
Bolnisi
Chikhareshi
Chkhorotsku
Chori
Cromi
Darch'eli
Digomi
Dmanisi
Dusheti
Dzhvari
Gebi
Gori ( 500 - )
Gorlovka
Gurdzhaani
Kakhat'i
Kalauri
Kartsakhi
Kazbegi
Keda
Khaishi
Kharistvala
Khirsa
Khobi
Khvanchkara
Kobi
Kodzhori
Kurdgelauri
Kutaisi
Kvareli
Ladzhanurges
Lagodekhi
Layturi
Lentekhi
Majakovskij
Manglisi
Marneuli
Martvili
Matani
Mestia
Metekhi
Micheta
Mirzaani
Mtskheta ( 400 - )
Mukhrani
Napareuli
Narazeni
Nikortsminda
Omalo
Oni
Ordzhonikidze
Ozurgety
Pasanauri
Poti
Q'vareli
Rustavi
Sabazho
Sagaredzho
Sartichala
Shaumyani
Shorapani
Shuakhevi
Signakhi
Simoneti
Sori
Surami
Telavi
Tetri Tskaro
Tetritsq'aro
Tianeti
Tkibuli
Trialeti
Tsageri
Tsagveri
Tsalendzhikha
Tsalka
Tsinandali
Tsiteli Tskaro
Tskhunkuri
Ubisi
Ureki
Vartsikhe
Zemo-Kedi
Zoti
Zugdidi
Region
Guria
Imeretiya
Kakheti
Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti
Samegrelo-Zemo Svanetʿi
Region/province
Kartli
Samtskhe-Javakheti
Shida Kartli
Unknown
Acquri
Agana
Agayani
Aghbazar
Akhalgori
Akhkerpi
Alatumani
Ali
Anaga
Ananuri
Anukha
Apul
Arakva
Ardvan
Areš-Pʿevrani
Ashkala
Axalcʿixe
Ayazma
Azavreti
Balkho
Baraletʿi
Bezhano
Bugashen
Burnashet
Buzavet
Chanchakhi
Chanka
Chatkelati
Chiftlik
Chkhari
Chukhuret
Cinarexi
Ckruti
Cʿxnetʿi
Daget-Khachini
Dere
Did Pamačʿi
Didi Durnuki
Didi Gondirio
Didi Mejvrisxevi
Didi Samsari
Didi Toneti
Didi Xorenia
Didi-Arakeli
Didi-Xančʿali
Didube
Dirbi
Doyesi
Dzirageuli
Dzvelgalavan
Elizavetovka
Gaedza
Ganża
Gatughige
Gavlobar
Geutet
Gomi
Gorelovka
Gumberd
Gurjaani
Holanet
Hyunya
Ikhtila
Jigrasheni
Kachagani
Kakabeti
Kakh
Karamurad
Kartapi
Kati
Katolar
Kavert
Kavi
Kavtiskhevi
Kavurma
Khachen
Khalkhi
Khando
Khankhavur
Kharadakhli
Kheltubani
Khertvisi
Khosniya
Kioneti
Kizilkilisa
Koda
Korkhi
Kovkasi
Kulikam
Kumisi
Kuratuban
Kushchi
Kʿvemo-Xandaki
Kʿvemo-Čala
Lagodexi
Lailashi
Lomaturtskh
Machatia
Mamzara
Marneul'skiy
Mcʿxetʿi
Mereniya
Mitsaris
Moliti
Mtatsminda
Mtavari-Arkhi
Mukuzani
Mushni
Musut
Muxatʿi
Muxrani
Nadrevani
Nasomkhari
Navtlugi Pervyye
Norio
Novo-Dmitrievka
Nukriani
Nungzar
Pakhlik
Patara Arakeali
Patara Giondirio
Patara PamaČʿi
Patara-Xančʿali
Pičʿxis-Bogiri
Qandauri
Ratevani
Ruisi
Samsari Gora
Saniore
Sasiretʿi
Satʿxa
Shamshulda
Shvindis
Sulda
Tandoiani
Telif
Tinisxidi
Togniani
Toriya
Tplistsikhi
Tqviavi
Trkna
Turistsikhi
Upliscʿixe
Vachiani
Vaka
Vardisubani
Vazisubani
Vašlovani
Vedzhini
Veliayikhan
Veliscʿixe
Xačʿi
Xovle
Zado
Zagamitzi
Zak
Zargilar
Zemo-Teleti
Zigva
Zrkeneants
Čʿandura
Čʿočʿetʿi
Ġočabakʿ
Šroma
Żegvi
Żveli-Manglisi
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of , and its 2017 population is about 3.718 million. Georgia is a unitary semi-presidential republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy.

During the classical era, several independent kingdoms became established in what is now Georgia, such as Colchis and Iberia. The Georgians adopted Christianity in the early 4th century. The common belief had an enormous importance for spiritual and political unification of early Georgian states. A unified Kingdom of Georgia reached its Golden Age during the reign of King David IV and Queen Tamar in the 12th and early 13th centuries. Thereafter, the kingdom declined and eventually disintegrated under hegemony of various regional powers, including the Mongols, the Ottoman Empire, and successive dynasties of Iran. In the late 18th century, the eastern Georgian Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti forged an alliance with the Russian Empire, which directly annexed the kingdom in 1801 and conquered the western Kingdom of Imereti in 1810. Russian rule over Georgia was eventually acknowledged in various peace treaties with Iran and the Ottomans and the remaining Georgian territories were absorbed by the Russian Empire in a piecemeal fashion in the course of the 19th century. During the Civil War following the Russian Revolution in 1917, Georgia briefly became part of the Transcaucasian Federation and then emerged as an independent republic before the Red Army invasion in 1921 which established a government of workers' and peasants' soviets. Soviet Georgia would be incorporated into a new Transcaucasian Federation which in 1922 would be a founding republic of the Soviet Union. In 1936, the Transcaucasian Federation was dissolved and Georgia emerged as a Union Republic. During the Great Patriotic War, almost 700,000 Georgians fought in the Red Army against the German invaders. After Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, a native Georgian, died in 1953, a wave of protest spread against Nikita Khrushchev and his de-Stalinization reforms, leading to the death of nearly one hundred students in 1956. From that time on, Georgia would become marred with blatant corruption and increased alienation of the government from the people.

By the 1980s, Georgians were ready to abandon the existing system altogether. A pro-independence movement led to the secession from the Soviet Union in April 1991. For most of the following decade, post-Soviet Georgia suffered from civil conflicts, secessionist wars in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, and economic crisis. Following the bloodless Rose Revolution in 2003, Georgia strongly pursued a pro-Western foreign policy; aimed at NATO and European integration, it introduced a series of democratic and economic reforms. This brought about mixed results, but strengthened state institutions. The country's Western orientation soon led to the worsening of relations with Russia, culminating in the brief Russo-Georgian War in August 2008 and Georgia's current territorial dispute with Russia.

Georgia is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, and the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development. It contains two de facto independent regions, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which gained very limited international recognition after the 2008 Russo-Georgian War. Georgia and most of the world's countries consider the regions to be Georgian territory under Russian occupation.

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