Place:Franklin, Williamson, Tennessee, United States

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NameFranklin
TypeCity
Coordinates35.929°N 86.857°W
Located inWilliamson, Tennessee, United States
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Franklin is a city in, and the county seat of, Williamson County, Tennessee, United States. About south of Nashville, it is one of the principal cities of the Nashville metropolitan area and Middle Tennessee. As of 2017, its estimated population was 78,321, and it is the seventh-largest city in Tennessee.[1]

Williamson County was primarily rural into the late 20th century, with an economy based on traditional commodity crops and livestock. In the 19th century, part of its economy (especially the cultivation of tobacco and hemp) depended on slavery, and after the American Civil War racial violence, designed to suppress the black vote, claimed lives. The Ku Klux Klan is believed to have perpetrated the first lynching of a Jewish man in the United States in 1868, and Franklin was the site of more lynchings of black men, including one in 1888 of a man who was taken from the courtroom and hanged from the balcony of the courthouse. Since 1980, the northern part of the county has begun to be developed for residential and related businesses, in addition to modern service industries.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

18th century

The community of Franklin was founded October 26, 1799, by Abram Maury, Jr. (1766–1825). Later a state senator, he is buried with his family in Founders Pointe. Maury named the town after national founding father Benjamin Franklin.

Ewen Cameron built a log house, the first by a European-American in the town of Franklin. Cameron was born February 23, 1768, in Bogallan, Ferintosh, Scotland. He immigrated to Virginia in 1785 and traveled into Tennessee along with other migrants after the American Revolutionary War. Cameron died on February 28, 1846, having lived 48 years in the same house. He and his second wife, Mary, were buried in the old City Cemetery. Some of his descendants continue to live in Franklin.

19th century

This area is part of Middle Tennessee, and white planters prospered in the antebellum years, with cultivation of tobacco and hemp as commodity crops, and raising of livestock. Farmers depended on numerous slaves as workers.

During the Civil War, Franklin was the site of a major battle in the Franklin–Nashville Campaign. The Battle of Franklin was fought on November 30, 1864, resulting in almost 10,000 casualties (killed, wounded, captured, and missing). 44 buildings were temporarily converted to use as field hospitals. The Carter, Carnton, and the Lotz homes from this era are still standing and are among the city's numerous examples of historic architecture.

After the war, the Franklin area saw considerable violence as whites attempted to dominate the majority-black population and assert white supremacy. In 1866 the Ku Klux Klan, a secret organization of insurgent white Confederate veterans, was founded in Pulaski, Tennessee. Soon it had chapters in many towns, including Franklin, as well as chapters in other states.

After Tennessee authorized African Americans to vote in February 1867, well before the Fifteenth Amendment was passed, most freedmen and formerly free people of color joined the Republican Party, which whites and Democrats struggled to suppress. On July 6, 1867, a political rally of Union League black Republicans in Franklin was disrupted by Conservatives, who were mostly white but included some blacks. Later that evening, what became known as the "Franklin Riot" took place. Black Union League men were ambushed by whites at the town square and returned fire. An estimated 25 to 39 men were wounded, most of them black. One white man was killed outright, and at least three black people died soon after.

On August 15, 1868, in Franklin, Samuel Bierfield became the first Jewish man to be lynched in the United States, when he was shot by a large group of masked men believed to be KKK members. Bowman, a black man who worked for him and was with him at his store, was fatally wounded in the attack.

After Reconstruction, white violence continued against African Americans. Five African Americans were lynched in Williamson County from 1877 to 1950, most during the decades around the turn of the century, a time of high social tensions and legal oppression in the South. Some of these murders took place in Franklin after the men were taken from the courthouse or county jail before trial.

For example, on August 10, 1888, Amos Miller, a 23-year-old African-American, was lynched before his trial, taken from the courtroom and hanged from the balcony of the Williamson County Courthouse. On April 30, 1891, Jim Taylor, another African-American man, was lynched on Murfreesboro Road in Franklin.

20th century

Population growth slowed noticeably from 1910 to 1940 (see table in Demographic section), as many African Americans left the area in the Great Migration to escape Jim Crow conditions and the decline in agricultural work.

A suburb of Nashville, Franklin has benefited from regional growth in the economy since the late 20th century. Its population has increased more than fivefold since 1980, when its population was 12,407. In 2010, it had a population of 62,487. Census estimates, it is the state's seventh-largest city.

Many of its residents commute to businesses in Nashville. The regional economy has also expanded, with considerable growth in businesses and jobs in Franklin and the county.

The city began to grow after the historic preservation movement started, and it has worked to identify and preserve historic assets. Five historic districts are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as are many individual buildings.

In the early morning of Christmas Eve of 1988, one person died when an F4 tornado struck the city.

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