Place:Featherstone, West Riding of Yorkshire, England

Watchers
NameFeatherstone
Alt namesFerestanesource: Domesday Book (1985) p 315
Fredestansource: Domesday Book (1985) p 315
TypeTown, Urban district, Civil parish
Coordinates53.668°N 1.355°W
Located inWest Riding of Yorkshire, England     ( - 1974)
Also located inNorth Yorkshire, England     (1974 - )
Yorkshire, England    
See alsoWakefield (metropolitan borough), West Yorkshire, Englandmetropolitan borough in which Featherstone has been located since 1974
Osgoldcross Wapentake, West Riding of Yorkshire, Englandwapentake in which it was situated.
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Featherstone is a town and civil parish in the City of Wakefield in West Yorkshire, England, two miles south-west of Pontefract. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, in 2011, it had a population of 15,244. Featherstone railway station is on the Pontefract Line.

GENUKI provides a description of the ecclesiastical parish of Featherstone from a gazetteer from the 1820s. It was in the Osgoldcross Wapentake, but parts of the parish were in the Agbrigg-division of Agbrigg and Morley Wapentake. A Vision of Britain through Time lists three townships of Featherstone which became civil parishes in 1866: Ackton, Purston Jaglin and Whitwood.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Despite most population growth taking place around the Industrial Revolution, Featherstone traces its history back much further than this. The Domesday Book (1086) records "In Ferestane [Featherstone] and Prestone [Purston] and Arduwic [Hardwick] and Osele [Nostell], Ligulf had 16 carucates of land for geld, and 6 ploughs may be there." It is thought that a local public house, the Traveller's Rest, can trace its origins to the 17th century whilst the Jubilee Hotel is a listed building which once provided a resting place for wealthy Victorians and their horses.

The original village is now known as North Featherstone (at the junction of the B6134 and the B6421 today), set around All Saints' Church and joined to today's centre by Featherstone Lane. The Featherstone family lived at Ackton Hall (now demolished), in the hamlet of Ackton about a mile to the west.[1] What is now known as Featherstone was a later development (originally called South Featherstone) near to the railway station and the village of Purston Jaglin.

Like many surrounding areas, Featherstone grew around coal mining. Coal had been mined at Featherstone since the 13th century and remains of bell pits can still be seen to the north of Park Lane at North Featherstone. In 1848, the opening of the Wakefield, Pontefract and Goole railway line through Featherstone provided the basis for large scale coal mining in Featherstone, by opening up new markets in the South of England and Europe. Featherstone Main Colliery was opened in 1866, followed by Ackton Hall Colliery in 1873. These were closer to what is now the main part of Featherstone, which consequently expanded.

The town came to national attention during a national "lockout" of mine workers in 1893 due to low coal prices and overproduction. Soldiers fired on a crowd who were demonstrating at the colliery gates, killing two instantly. (The Guardian claimed that a third man, a Mr. Tomlinson from Normanton, died the following day from injuries from being shot but only two dead are named on the town's sculpture.) A distinctive sculpture marking the centenary of the Featherstone Massacre stands in the shopping precinct and a large mural depicting the town's heritage can be seen at the town's main crossroads. Ackton Hall Colliery was the first pit to close following the end of the miners' strike and this could not be contested as geological difficulties had made it impossible for the pit to continue production.

Featherstone is the subject of a study, Coal is Our Life, by the sociologist Norman Dennis, published in 1956.

Opened in the 1950s, Purston Park takes up a large area of space and offers a lake and a children's play area. There was also previously a bowling green, until being changed to a rose garden in 2004. It has been made out of the grounds of what was originally a private residence and a country estate, with the stately home formerly acting as the town hall. This building was sold to developers in 2007 and has since been converted into luxury flats.

Featherstone is undergoing continual change and as part of this a new, state-of-the-art £2.5-million community centre has been built in Station Lane. The "Pit Houses", the houses constituting a council estate which formerly belonged to the National Coal Board, have been demolished to make room for further developments.

A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Featherstone from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:

"FEATHERSTONE, a township and a parish in Pontefract [registration] district, [West Riding of] Yorkshire. The township lies adjacent to the Knottingley and Wakefield railway, 2½ miles W by S of Pontefract; and has a station on the railway, and a post office under Pontefract. Acres: 1,310. Real property: £2,655. Population: 353. Houses: 71.
"The parish contains also the townships of Whitwood, Ackton, and Purston Jaglin. Acres: 4,273. Real property: £16, 240; of which £2,950 are in mines. Population in 1851: 1,274; in 1861: 2,406. Houses: 480. The increase of population arose from increased working of coal-mines. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of York. Value: 256. Patron: Christ Church, Oxford. The church is ancient. The rectories of Whitwood-St. Philip and Whitwood-Mere are separate benefices. There are two Wesleyan chapels, a national school, and charities £10."

Research Tips


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Featherstone. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
[[Category:Wakefield (metropolitan borough), West Yorkshire, England|]]