Place:Cortland, Cortland, New York, United States


Coordinates42.601°N 76.181°W
Located inCortland, New York, United States
Contained Places
Cortland Rural Cemetery
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Cortland is a city in Cortland County, New York, United States of America. Known as the Crown City, Cortland is located in New York's Southern Tier region. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 19,204. It is the county seat of Cortland County.

The city of Cortland, near the western border of the county, is surrounded by the town of Cortlandville.


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The city is within the former Central New York Military Tract. The city is named after Pierre Van Cortlandt, the first lieutenant governor of the state of New York.

Cortland, settled in 1791, was made a village in 1853 (rechartered in 1864), and was incorporated as a city in 1900 as the 41st city in New York state. When the county was formed in 1808, Cortland vied with other villages and won the status of becoming the county seat. Known as the "Crown City" because of its location on a plain formed by the convergence of seven valleys, Cortland is situated at above sea level. Forty stars representing the 40 cities incorporated before Cortland circle the State of New York and Crown on the city's official seal. The seven points of the crown create seven valleys depicting Cortland's seven surrounding valleys. The 41st star in the center of the crown illustrates Cortland as the closest incorporated city to the geographic center of New York.

The leading industry in Cortland in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century was the Wickwire Brothers wire drawing mill, noted for its production of wire hardware cloth for use as window screens. Durkee's Bakery, founded by Michael C. Antil and Albert Durkee in 1931 from the failed Durkee's Retail bake store - became an employer of more than 250. The extent of their wealth is commemorated in a pair of magnificent mansions. The Victorian Chateauesque style home of Chester Wickwire is now the 1890 House Museum & Center for Victorian Arts, while the 1912 home of Charles Wickwire is now owned and operated by the SUNY Cortland Alumni Association.[1] It is open to the public as well as being used by the Alumni Association to host college-related events and house visiting dignitaries.[2]

Cortland was also home to Brockway Motor Company, a pioneering truck maker. Begun in 1875 as Brockway Carriage Works, it was taken over by Mack Trucks in 1956, and survived until 1977. The city continues to host an annual show of Brockway trucks.

Cortland also boasts a classic octagon house[3] and the still-operating, garden-type Cortland Rural Cemetery.

In 1868 Cortland became the home of the Cortland Normal School, now the State University of New York at Cortland.

From 1960 to 1992, Smith Corona typewriters were manufactured in Cortland.

In 2006, Cortland's historic clock tower burned down. It was later re-built, with spaces for both businesses and apartment style housing.

The Cortland County Courthouse, Cortland County Poor Farm, Cortland Fire Headquarters, Cortland Free Library, First Presbyterian Church Complex, William J. Greenman House, Randall Farm, Tompkins Street Historic District, Unitarian Universalist Church, and United States Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Research Tips

External Links

  • Outstanding guide to Cortland family history and genealogy resources (FamilySearch Research Wiki). Birth, marriage, and death records, town histories, cemeteries, churches, newspapers, libraries, and genealogical societies.

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