Place:Carroll, Maryland, United States

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Carroll County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 167,134. Its county seat is Westminster.

Carroll County is included in the Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area. While predominantly rural, the county has become increasingly suburban in recent years.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Carroll County was created in 1837 from parts of Baltimore and Frederick Counties, see Hundred (division). It was named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton (1737–1832), signer of the American Declaration of Independence.

The earliest European settlers in Carroll County were predominantly Pennsylvania Dutch from southeast Pennsylvania and English from the Tidewater region of Maryland. German was the predominant language of Carroll County until the Civil War. German was most heavily spoken in the northern and western parts of the county. The towns of Hampstead, Manchester, and Taneytown had German majorities. English-speakers were a minority and were concentrated in southern Carroll.

During the 1970s, Carroll County was a stronghold of the Klu Klux Klan and the Klan regularly held rallies and cross-burnings. The KKK held rallies and handed out leaflets on Main Street in Westminster and in Manchester until the late 1980s. In 1977, Father William Aitcheson, a KKK terrorist turned Roman Catholic priest, was charged by Carroll County for illegal explosives after molotov cocktails and pipe bombs were found in his home. Father Aitcheson was a ringleader of the "Klan Beret", a domestic terrorist cell that stockpiled weapons, called for armed revolution, plotted to murder Coretta Scott King, and burned crosses at Jewish institutions. The KKK held a membership drive in Mount Airy in 1992. In 2012, two minors were charged for a cross-burning in Westminster. In 2018, the KKK distributed fliers in southern Carroll County.

During the American Civil War, the population of Carroll County was sharply divided between supporters of the Union and the Confederacy. In 1863, there were significant troop movements through the county as part of the Gettysburg campaign. On June 29, 1863, the cavalry skirmish known as Corbit's Charge was fought in the streets of Westminster, when two companies of Delaware cavalry attacked a much larger Confederate force under General J.E.B. Stuart.

In 2013 the Carroll County Board of Commissioners voted to make English the official language of the county. In 2018, the Carroll County Public Schools announced that Confederate flags and Nazi swastikas would be banned from Carroll County schools, along with Klu Klux Klan and Aryan Nation symbolism and other messages that promote hatred or intolerance.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1837 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1837 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1840 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1840 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1840 17,241
1850 20,616
1860 24,533
1870 28,619
1880 30,992
1890 32,376
1900 33,860
1910 33,934
1920 34,245
1930 35,978
1940 39,054
1950 44,907
1960 52,785
1970 69,006
1980 96,356
1990 123,372

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