Place:Campbell, Virginia, United States

NameCampbell
Alt namesCampbellsource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeCounty
Coordinates37.233°N 79.1°W
Located inVirginia, United States     (1782 - )
See alsoAppomattox, Virginia, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Campbell County is a United States county situated in the south central part of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Located in the Piedmont region of Virginia, Campbell borders the Blue Ridge Mountains. The county seat is Rustburg.

Grounded on a tobacco cash crop economy, Campbell County was created in 1782 from part of Bedford County. The county was named in honor of General William Campbell, hero of the American Revolutionary War.

Campbell County is part of the Lynchburg, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the county population is 54,842. The number of residents has grown steadily in every census after 1930, and the total population has more than doubled since that time.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The Native American tribes of the Monacan, Iroquois, and Cherokee were the original inhabitants of the Campbell County area, but were later forced west due to the settlers' progress. Governor Willaim Gooch in 1727 created a couple of "inducements" in order to lure settlers to the Campbell County area. These inducements were that if one settled on the Staunton River "in the bounds of the newly formed County of Brunswick" then they would be freed from paying levies for ten years. The second "inducement" was that the settler could claim 400 acres simply by building a cabin on the land and by "planting a patch of grain".

The inducement's attempt to draw settlers was not vastly successful with the exception of a few new settlers, and the Governor soon took mention of his inducements to the ocean ports in which immigrants were arriving in America, as well as to the ports back in their homelands. This great difficulty in gaining new settlers for Campbell County is one of the reasons that the Governor allowed the Scoth-Irish immigrants with Presbyterian beliefs to gain religious freedom, in order to secure as many new settlers as possible for the newly founded county.

The area that would become Campbell County was first settled by Europeans, initially Scotch-Irish Presbyterians, in the late 1730s. After nearly fifty years of immigration and development, the newly formed county was established in 1782 from part of Bedford County , and was the first county formed after the American Revolution. Campbell County was named for Revolutionary War hero, General William Campbell, who is known for the 1780 Battle of Kings Mountain. The independent city of Lynchburg, Virginia was subsequently formed from the county's land in 1786.


Jeremiah Rust donated the land that would become the county's seat named Rustburg. The towns of AltaVista and Brookneal were created due to their business advantages as well as the "intersection of trails". Altavista was planned by a group of businessmen in 1907, due to its "strategic" location and "potential" as a new location for a railroad.

From its earliest days, the county relied on tobacco as the primary cash crop and basis for the economy, though it also developed early manufacturing operations. Brookneal, with its strategic location on the Staunton River, was long an important tobacco and textile hub. However, the departure of manufacturing and the changing tobacco market has forced Campbell to transform from a mainly agricultural area into a mixture of suburban and rural communities.[1] Campbell County was also an iron manufacturer and begun operations Pre-Revolutionary War and continued operations in Oxford Iron Works until it was closed in 1875. The building still remains standing to today.

Campbell County opened its first public school in 1871 after the Civil War. In 1878, Campbell County and Lynchburg became two separate entities when Lynchburg was recognized as an independent city. The first school fair was held in Rustburg, the county seat, in 1908. This was the first school fair ever held in Virginia and was started by the Virginia Federation of Women's Club, "with the aid of J.S. Thomas, then school examiner in the district, and with the agreement of the Van Dyke League to help in Campbell." This fair was a showcase of "expert knowledge and training," as well as each child's best work.

Campbell County and its residents have participated and given aid in many wars. They have had soldiers involved in the American Revolution, Civil War, World War I, World War II, the Korean War, Vietnam War, Gulf War, and the War in Afghanistan.

Religion

The three main religions in Campbell County's origin was Quakerism, Protestantism, and Presbyterian. Each of these religions and those who practiced them came to Campbell County in order to gain religious freedom, they migrated from many places, but most migrated from around the area of Colonial Williamsburg where the Episcopal Church reigned and made practicing other religions extremely difficult.

The Quakers gained a foothold within the Campbell County area due to Sarah Clark Lynch, wife of Charles Lynch, the founder of the ferry boat service across the James River and mother of John Lynch, the founder of Lynchburg. Due to Sarah Lynch's influence their application for a meeting house was approved, and the South River Friends Meeting House was built. The Quakers later migrated from the area due to disagreements with the other Campbell County populace over issues such as slavery and the American Revolution. The Quakers maintain pacifist beliefs and as such during the American Revolution when much of America was fighting for its independence from Great Britain their Quaker neighbors apparent refusal to aid them in their fight for independence greatly angered many and created a wedge between the Quakers and the Non-Quakers. Another issue of contention that the Campbell County populace had with the Quakers was their adamant belief in the abolition of slavery as the Virginian Quakers had freed all of their slaves in 1817, and as such preached how slavery was wrong and should be disallowed, which created tension with their slave-holding neighbors and caused many Quakers to leave the Campbell County area and to move West.

The Presbyterian religious faction mainly consisted of Scotch-Irish who originally came to America in order to gain religious freedom from the "Established Church in Ireland" and to create a better life for themselves. They originally settled in Pennsylvania, but then moved to Virginia due to Govenor Gooch's inducements to entice settlers to come to Campbell County. The Presbyterians and their descendants then remained in Campbell County, and others who had been with them on the trip to America soon followed after, greatly aiding in the settlement process.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1782 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1782 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1782 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1782 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1782 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1853 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1980 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 7,685
1800 9,866
1810 11,001
1820 16,569
1830 20,350
1840 21,030
1850 23,245
1860 26,197
1870 28,384
1880 36,250
1890 41,087
1900 23,256
1910 23,043
1920 26,716
1930 22,885
1940 26,048
1950 28,877
1960 32,958
1970 43,319
1980 45,424
1990 47,572

Note: Lynchburg city, formed from Campbell County; has annexed some territory from Bedford County. Annexations after 1970 from Campbell (1970 population 9,033) and Bedford (1,467).

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