Place:Bureau, Illinois, United States


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Bureau County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 34,978. Its county seat is Princeton.

Bureau County is part of the Ottawa–Peru, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, and the Hennepin Canal Parkway State Park is located partly in this county.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Bureau County was created from a portion of Putnam County in 1837. It is named for brothers Michel and Pierre Bureau, French Canadians who ran a trading post from 1776 until the 1780s near the conjunction of Big Bureau Creek with Illinois River. Their actual surname most likely was Belleau, but the local American Indians had difficulty pronouncing the "l" sound, which was not found in some local languages. An early settler of this area was Bulbona, a man of mixed French and Native American descent with a Native American wife. Unlike most of the other Native Americans in the area, Bulbona remained after the area was settled by Euro-Americans and ran a trading post, where he sold whiskey among other necessities.

The founders of Princeton, the area's oldest town, were settlers from New England, descendants of the English Puritans who settled New England in the 17th century. They were part of a wave of New England farmers who moved to the Northwest Territory in the early 19th century. Most of them came soon after of the completion of the Erie Canal.[1] When they arrived, they faced virgin forest and wild prairie. These New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes. They brought with them many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education, establishing many schools, and were staunch abolitionists. They were mostly members of the Congregationalist Church or Episcopalians. Early Bureau County, like much of northern Illinois, was culturally very continuous with early New England culture.[1]

Like so many other areas in the Midwest, this county was on a "line" of the Underground Railroad. There was a "station" at the home of Owen Lovejoy in Princeton, and several other locations in the county.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1817 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1837 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1837 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1837 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1837 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1840 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1840 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1878 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1840 3,067
1850 8,841
1860 26,426
1870 32,415
1880 33,172
1890 35,014
1900 41,112
1910 43,975
1920 42,648
1930 38,845
1940 37,600
1950 37,711
1960 37,594
1970 38,541
1980 39,114
1990 35,688

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Bureau County, Illinois, United States

Research Tips

Resources

source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


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