Place:Brazil

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NameBrazil
Alt namesBrasilsource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Brasilesource: Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) p 619
Brasiliensource: Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) p 127
Braziliësource: Engels Woordenboek (1987) p 81
Brésilsource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 42
Estados Unidos do Brasilsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 170-171
Federative Republic of Brazilsource: Wikipedia
República Federativa do Brasilsource: Britannica Book of the Year (1991) p 560
República Federativa do Brasilsource: Wikipedia
United States of Brazilsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 170-171
Br
TypeCountry
Coordinates10°S 55°W
Contained Places
Federal district
Distrito Federal
Inhabited place
Ceilândia
Region
Centre-West
Nordeste
North
South
Southeast
State
Acre ( 1960 - )
Alagoas ( 1899 - )
Amapá ( 1990 - )
Amazonas ( 1889 - )
Bahia
Ceará
Espírito Santo ( 1889 - )
Goiás ( 1889 - )
Maranhão ( 1889 - )
Mato Grosso do Sul ( 1889 - )
Mato Grosso ( 1889 - )
Minas Gerais ( 1891 - )
Paraná ( 1891 - )
Paraíba
Pará
Pernambuco ( 1891 - )
Piauí
Rio Grande do Norte ( 1889 - )
Rio Grande do Sul
Rio de Janeiro ( 1889 - )
Rondônia ( 1982 - )
Roraima ( 1990 - )
Santa Catarina ( 1889 - )
Sergipe ( 1889 - )
São Paulo ( 1681 - )
Tocantins ( 1988 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.

Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of .[1] It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.

Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. The ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country ranks thirteenth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Brazil is considered an advanced emerging economy. It has the eighth largest GDP in the world by both nominal and PPP measures. It is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years.[2] It is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country, with the largest share of global wealth in Latin America. Brazil is a regional power and sometimes considered a great[3] or a middle power in international affairs.[4] On account of its international recognition and influence, the country is subsequently classified as an emerging power and a potential superpower by several analysts. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Union of South American Nations, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.

Contents

How places in Brazil are organized

All places in Brazil

Further information on historical place organization in Brazil

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Brazil. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.