Place:Bethnal Green, London, England

Watchers
NameBethnal Green
Alt namesCambridge Heathsource: neighbourhood in parish
Globe Townsource: neighbourhood in parish
Bethnal Green St. Andrewsource: ecclesiastical parish
Bethnal Green St. Barnabassource: ecclesiastical parish
Bethnal Green St. Bartholomewsource: ecclesiastical parish
Bethnal Green St. James the Greatsource: ecclesiastical parish
Bethnal Green St. James the Lesssource: ecclesiastical parish
Bethnal Green St. Johnsource: ecclesiastical parish
Bethnal Green St. Judesource: ecclesiastical parish
Bethnal Green St. Matthiassource: ecclesiastical parish
Bethnal Green St. Matthewsource: ecclesiastical parish
Bethnal Green St. Paulsource: ecclesiastical parish
Bethnal Green St. Petersource: ecclesiastical parish
Bethnal Green St. Philipsource: ecclesiastical parish
Bethnal Green St. Simon Zelotessource: ecclesiastical parish
Bethnal Green St. Thomassource: ecclesiastical parish
TypeParish
Coordinates51.525°N 0.067°W
Located inLondon, England     (1889 - 1965)
Also located inMiddlesex, England     ( - 1889)
See alsoStepney, Middlesex, Englandparish of which it was part until 1743
Bethnal Green (metropolitan borough), London, Englandmetropolitan borough formed from the parish in 1900
Tower Hamlets (London Borough), Greater London, EnglandLondon Borough covering the area since 1965
source: Family History Library Catalog
the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Bethnal Green is now an area or neighbourhood within Greater London, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets and part of the historic East End of London. Bethnal Green includes the localities of Cambridge Heath and Globe Town. Situated 3.3 miles (5.3 km) northeast of Charing Cross, it was historically a hamlet in the ancient parish of Stepney, Middlesex.

Following population increases caused by the expansion of London during the 18th century, it was split off from Stepney as the Parish of Bethnal Green in 1743, becoming part of the Metropolis in 1855 and the County of London in 1889. The parish became the Metropolitan Borough of Bethnal Green in 1900 and the population peaked in 1901 at 129,680. It then entered a period of steady decline which lasted until 1981.

Image:Tower Hamlet parishes.png

The economic history of Bethnal Green is characterised by a shift away from agricultural provision for the City of London to market gardening, weaving and light industry, which has now all but disappeared. The quality of the built environment had deteriorated by the turn of the 20th century and was radically altered by the aerial bombardment during the Second World War and the subsequent social housing developments.


Ecclesiastical Parish

the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Bethnal Green was part of the ancient parish of Stepney St. Dunstan in the Diocese of London; in 1743 the area was split off to form a new parish dedicated to St. Matthew (Bethnal Green St. Matthew). From 1837, as the population of Bethnal Green increased, a number of new parishes were formed:[10]

  • St. John, Bethnal Green (Bethnal Green St. John) in 1837
  • St. Peter, Bethnal Green (Bethnal Green St. Peter) in 1843
  • St. Andrew, Bethnal Green (Bethnal Green St. Andrew) in 1843
  • St. Philip, Bethnal Green (Bethnal Green St. Philip) in 1843
  • St. James the Less, Bethnal Green (Bethnal Green St. James the Less) in 1843
  • St. Bartholomew, Bethnal Green (Bethnal Green St. Bartholomew) in 1844
  • St. James the Great, Bethnal Green (Bethnal Green St. James the Great) in 1844
  • St. Jude, Bethnal Green in (Bethnal Green St. Jude) 1844
  • St. Matthias, Bethnal Green in (Bethnal Green St. Matthias) 1844
  • St. Simon Zelotes, Bethnal Green (Bethnal Green St. Simon Zelotes) in 1844
  • St. Thomas, Bethnal Green (Bethnal Green St. Thomas) in 1844
  • St. Paul, Bethnal Green (Bethnal Green St. Paul) in 1865
  • St. Barnabas, Bethnal Green (Bethnal Green St. Barnabas) in 1870

In addition, as the population of neighbouring Shoreditch increased, parts of Bethnal Green parish were included in the new parish of:

  • Holy Trinity, Shoreditch (Shoreditch Holy Trinity) in 1866

Names in italics prefaced by Bethnal Green are redirected to here.

Bethnal Green in the 19th century

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Bethnal Green. It describes the social conditions in Bethnal Green from the time of the immigration of silk weavers from France circa 1800 up to World War II.


Greater London Research Tips

A reminder that Greater London was formed in 1965 and covers a much greater territory than the County of London formed in 1900. The City of London is only a part of the County of London. A map of the boroughs of Greater London is reproduced on all Greater London borough pages. A map of the boroughs of the County of London is reproduced on all County of London borough pages.

Researching ancestors in London will probably be more successful than researching ancestors in the rest of England, particularly for the period before 1837 and the advent of civil registration. Baptisms, marriages and burials are available online for County of London parishes, and possibly for parishes throughout Greater London as well.

  • Anglican Parishes in London is a wiki here on WeRelate listing the places of worship of the established church throughout London. The churches are grouped within the post-1965 boroughs and for each is the street address, a link to the Booth Map (inner boroughs only), the time span for which the database AIM25 holds records, the FamilySearch Wiki link (see below), the Wikipedia link, and further notes. This is a work-in-progress and not all churches are listed as yet, but it is a guide to a great deal more information on those for which information has been gathered.
  • The London Metropolitan Archives (40 Northampton Road, Clerkenwell, London EC1R 0HB) holds records relating to the whole of Greater London. Ancestry (subscription necessary) has produced transcriptions and provides images of lists of baptisms, marriages, and burials in churches across Greater London. Many of these lists start in 1813 and stretch into the 20th century; some start even earlier.

Maps

  • A street-by-street map of London (both sides of the Thames, and stretching from Limehouse and Stepney in the east to Hyde Park and Kensington in the west) drawn by Edward Mogg in 1806. Blows up to a very readable level.
  • Ordnance Survey map of London 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing London parishes just after the reorganization of 1899. The map was originally drawn over a street map at a scale of 1 inch to the mile and can be blown up to inspect a single borough.
  • Ordnance Survey map of Middlesex 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing Middlesex parishes just after the reorganization of 1899 when much of the former area of Middlesex had been transferred into London.
  • Ordnance Survey map of Surrey 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing Surrey parishes (chiefly Southwark) just after the reorganization of 1899 when the most urban parts of Surrey were transferred into London.
  • Ordnance Survey map of Kent 1900 (provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time) showing Kent parishes just after the reorganization of 1899 when the western part of Kent had been transferred into London.

Registration Districts

  • Registration Districts in London, Registration Districts in Middlesex, Registration Districts in Surrey, Registration Districts in Kent, are lists of the registration districts used for civil registration (births, marriages and deaths, as well as the censuses). There are linked supporting lists of the parishes which made up each registration district, the dates of formation and abolition of the districts, the General Register Office numbers, and the local archive-holding place. This work has been carried out by Brett Langston under the agency of GENUKI (Genealogy United Kingdom and Ireland) and UKBMD - Births, Marriages, Deaths & Censuses on the Internet. The names of the individual registration districts are "places" within WeRelate and can be used where the only information has been obtained from UKBMD.

Cemeteries

  • Deceased Online includes four of the "Magnificent Seven" cemeteries (Brompton, Highgate, Kensal Green, and Nunhead) in its inventory of 65 London cemeteries. Transcripts for Abney Park are free with registration online at www.devsys.co.uk/ap/. Ancestry (international subscription necessary) has "London, England, City of London and Tower Hamlets Cemetery Registers, 1841-1966". That leaves West Norwood without comprehensive online access to burial records. (Deceased Online and Ancestry may have increased their provision since this was written in 2016.)

Other online sources

  • See the FamilySearch Wiki under "London" and also under "Middlesex", "Surrey" and "Kent" for key information about Greater London's jurisdictions and records, plus links to indexes, reference aids and Family History Library holdings.
  • GENUKI has a long list of websites and archive holders in addition to London Metropolitan Archives above. (The list from GENUKI is not maintained so well that there is never a dead link in it. However, it is often worth googling the title given on the page just in case the contributor has reorganized their website and GENUKI has not picked it up.)
  • GENUKI also has a list of the Archives and Local Studies Libraries for each of the boroughs of Greater London.
  • The London Encyclopaedia by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. An e-book available online through Google, originally published by Pan Macmillan. There is a search box in the left-hand pane.
  • London Lives. A very useful free website for anyone researching their London ancestors between the years 1690-1800. This is a fully searchable edition of 240,000 manuscripts from eight archives and fifteen datasets, giving access to 3.35 million names.
  • London Ancestor, a website belonging to one of the London family history societies, has a list of transcriptions of directories from the 18th century, listing in one case "all the squares, streets, lanes, courts, yards, alleys, &C. in and about Five Miles of the Metropolis..." In other parts of the same website are maps of various parts of 19th century London and Middlesex.
  • The proceedings of the Old Bailey, London's central criminal court, 1674-1913. A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court. This website is free to use.
  • A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 11, Stepney, Bethnal Green from the Victoria County History Series provided by British History Online.


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Bethnal Green. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Metropolitan Borough of Bethnal Green. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.