Place:Bet She'an, HaTzafon, Israel


NameBet She'an
Alt namesBaysānsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) p 142
Beisansource: BHA, Authority file (2003-)
Beisānsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) p 142
Beit-Sheansource: BHA, Authority file (2003-)
Beith-Shansource: GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998)
Beith-Sheansource: BHA, Authority file (2003-)
Bessansource: BHA, Authority file (2003-)
Bet Sh'eansource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Bet Shansource: GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998)
Bet She'ansource: WeRelate abbreviation
Beth-Shansource: GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998)
Beth-Sheansource: BHA, Authority file (2003-)
Betseansource: ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Beīsansource: BHA, Authority file (2003-)
Scythopolissource: GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) p 10026; Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Skythopolissource: ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Tell El Hosnsource: ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Coordinates32.5°N 35.5°E
Located inHaTzafon, Israel
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Beit She'an, also Beth-shean, formerly Beisan,[1] is a city in the Northern District of Israel. The city lies at the Beit She'an Valley about 120 m (394 feet) below sea level.

Beit She'an is believed to be one of the oldest cities in the region. It has played an important role in history due to its geographical location at the junction of the Jordan River Valley and the Jezreel Valley. The city's ancient tell contains remains beginning in the Chalcolithic period. It served as an Egyptian administrative center during the Late Bronze Age. During the Hellenistic period, the city was known as Scythopolis (Ancient Greek: Σκυθόπολις). After the region came under Roman rule, Scythopolis gained imperial free status and was the leading city of the Decapolis. Later, under Byzantine rule, it served as the capital of Palaestina Secunda. Following the Arab conquest of the Levant, the city lost its prominence.

The population of the town was completely changed from 1948 to 1950. It had been entirely Muslim and Christian, designated to be part of the Jewish state in the 1947 United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine, and was captured by the Haganah in May 1948. The battle over the town during Operation Gideon caused most of its inhabitants to flee, and the remainder were expelled.[2] The city was then resettled exclusively by Jewish immigrants.

Today, Beit She'an serves as a regional centre for the towns in the Beit She'an Valley. The ancient city ruins are now protected within the Beit She'an National Park.

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