Place:Bedford, Pennsylvania, United States

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Coaldale
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Hopewell
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Rainsburg
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St. Clairsville
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Cemetery
Friends Cove United Church of Christ Cemetery
Robinsonville Cemetery
Historical region
Union (township) ( 1834 - 1993 )
Inhabited place
Alvan
Artemas
Ashcom
Bakers Summit
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Bedford Springs
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Tatesville
Texas Corner
West End
Weyant
Wills Creek
Wolfsburg
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Yount
Township
Ayr Township
Bedford (township)
Bloomfield
Colerain
Cumberland Valley
Greenfield ( 1776 - 1850 )
Harrison
Hopewell (township)
Juniata
Kimmel
King (township)
Liberty Township
Monroe
Pavia (township) ( 1993 - )
Providence
Snake Spring
South Woodbury
St. Clair
Union
West Providence
West Saint Clair
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Bedford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 49,762. The county seat is Bedford.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

In 1750 Robert MacRay, a Scots-Irish immigrant, opened the first trading post in Raystown (which is now Bedford) on the land that is now Bedford County. The early Anglo-American settlers had a difficult time dealing with raids from Native Americans. In 1754 fierce fighting erupted as Native Americans became allied with the British or French in the North American front, known as the French and Indian War, of the Seven Years' War between those nations in Europe.

In 1759, after the capture of Fort Duquesne in Allegheny County, on the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, English colonists built a road between the fort (which was renamed as Fort Pitt) to the newly built Fort Bedford in Raystown. The English defeated the French in the war and took over their territories in North America east of the Mississippi River. Treaties with the Indians opened more land for future peaceful settlement.

This road followed and improved on ancient Indian trails. In later years it was widened and paved as "Forbes Road"; it is now Route 30. When the Pennsylvania Turnpike was built, this interstate toll road became the main highway through Bedford County.

Bedford County was created on 9 March 1771 from part of Cumberland County and named in honor of Fort Bedford. The 1767 Mason-Dixon Line had stabilized the southern border with Maryland. In the aftermath of the American Revolution, the population increased largely due to emigration. Within a lifetime Old Bedford County was greatly reduced from its original boundaries. Huntingdon County was created on 20 September 1787, mainly from the north part of Bedford County, plus an addition of territory on the east (Big Valley, Tuscarora Valley) from Cumberland County. Somerset County was created from part of Bedford County on 17 April 1795. Centre was created on 13 February 1800 from parts of Huntingdon, Lycoming, Mifflin, and Northumberland counties. Cambria County was created on 26 March 1804 from parts of Bedford, Huntingdon, and Somerset Counties. Blair County was created on February 26, 1846 from parts of Huntingdon and Bedford Counties. Finally Fulton County was created on 19 April 1850 from part of Bedford County, setting the county at its current boundaries.

The land was developed into lush farms with woodlands. It was developed as a trading center on the way to Pittsburgh and farther west of Pennsylvania. In 1794 President George Washington came to the county in response to the Whiskey Rebellion.


In the late 19th century, the Bedford Springs Hotel became an important site for wealthy vacationers. It was built near natural springs that had been important to the Native Americans for hundreds of years. During the administration of President James Buchanan, he moved much of his administration to the hotel, which became the informal summer White House. The U.S. Supreme Court met at the hotel once. It was the only time that the high court met outside of the capital.

During the late 19th century, the county had a population boom, with the number of people doubling between 1870 and 1890. Railroads constructed through the town connected the county with the mining industry. The story of the Lost Children of the Alleghenies originates from Blue Knob State Park in the county.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1771 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1771 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1771 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1850 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 13,124
1800 12,039
1810 15,746
1820 20,248
1830 24,502
1840 29,335
1850 23,052
1860 26,736
1870 29,635
1880 34,929
1890 38,644
1900 39,468
1910 38,879
1920 38,277
1930 37,309
1940 40,809
1950 40,775
1960 42,451
1970 42,353
1980 46,784
1990 47,919

Research Tips

External links

  • Outstanding guide to Bedford County family history and genealogy resources (FamilySearch Research Wiki). Birth, marriage, and death records, censuses, wills, deeds, county histories, cemeteries, churches, newspapers, libraries, and genealogical societies.
  • www.bedfordcounty.net


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Bedford County, Pennsylvania. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.