Place:Barwick in Elmet, West Riding of Yorkshire, England

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NameBarwick in Elmet
Alt namesBarwick-in-Elmettsource: Family History Catalog
Barwick in Elmetsource: wikipedia
TypeVillage
Coordinates53.8311°N 1.3945°W
Located inWest Riding of Yorkshire, England     ( - 1974)
Also located inWest Yorkshire, England     (1974 - )
Yorkshire, England    
See alsoTadcaster Rural, West Riding of Yorkshire, Englandrural district of which it was a part 1894-1974
Leeds (metropolitan borough), West Yorkshire, Englandmetropolitan borough of which it has been a part since 1974
Barwick in Elmet and Scholes, West Riding of Yorkshire, Englandcivil parish of which it is now a part
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Barwick-in-Elmet (pronounced Barrick-in-Elmet) is a village in West Yorkshire, east of Leeds city centre. It is one of only three places in the area to be explicitly associated with the ancient Romano-British kingdom of Elmet, the others being Scholes-in-Elmet and Sherburn-in-Elmet.

The village is part of the civil parish of Barwick in Elmet and Scholes and sits in the Harewood ward of Leeds City Council and Elmet and Rothwell parliamentary constituency.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Barwick iron age fort

The village includes Hall Tower Hill earthworks (mound and ditch) part of a large Iron Age fort centred on Wendel Hill, and used later as the site of a Norman motte-and-bailey castle and later as a Second World War observation post. The land is currently under joint ownership, held as a trust (formed in 1996) for the benefit of the community. Ex-local MP Colin Burgon made it the subject of an Adjournment Debate in the House of Commons on 10 July 2007, and Minister of State for the Department for Culture, Media and Sport, Margaret Hodge, replied.

Later history

The name Barwick comes from the Old English words bere ('barley') and wic ('settlement'), thus meaning 'a barley farm' or 'an outlying grange or part on an estate reserved for the lord's use, producing barley'. The name is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Bereuuith. There is reference to an agricultural settlement in the Domesday Book of 1086. From a taxation survey, it is known that in 1379 there were 197 adults living in about 100 households.

For some time the Manor of Barwick and Scholes was in the ownership of the Gascoigne family of Parlington and Lotherton.

In 1720 the first known school in Barwick in Elmet opened. Morwick Hall was built in the mid to late 18th century for Edward Gray, who was Lord Mayor of Leeds in 1749 and 1768.

By 1821 the parish had a population of 1,481.

The Cross Gates to Wetherby railway line opened in 1874, with a station in nearby Scholes, enabling residents to commute to Leeds city centre. This service remained running until 1965, when the line closed under the Beeching Axe.

Throughout the 20th century the village grew with many modern houses being built in and around the village by both private developers and the local corporations. During this period many of the older cottages in the village centre were converted into shops and other small business premises.

For much of its history the village supported a mainly agricultural community. From the late 17th century until the early 20th century many residents were employed in the local mining industry in Garforth, Cross Gates and Whitkirk. Today, whilst still having a rural agricultural feel, the village supports many trades as well as housing for people who work in Leeds and York.

Maypole

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

One of the most notable village landmarks is the wooden maypole high that stands at the junction of Main Street and the Cross. The triennial maypole festival (held on Spring Bank Holiday) typically brings large crowds to the area. Every three years, the maypole is lowered, inspected, maintained and re-erected. The festival celebrations include a procession (involving floats decorated by local organisations), children's maypole dancing, morris dancing, a street craft market, the raising of the maypole ceremony and the maypole queen. Traditionally the maypole was lowered and raised manually using an intricate system of ropes and ladders. Although methods have changed in recent years, the maypole is still carried by hand from Hall Tower Hill to the heart of the village. During the raising ceremony, it is tradition for a local villager to climb halfway up the pole to disconnect the guide ropes. The climber is then spurred on by a large crowd to climb all the way to the top of the pole, to spin 'the fox' weather vane (a custom thought to bring good luck to the village). The festival takes place every 3 years, the most recent one being 29 May 2017.

Beside the maypole is what appears to be an old village cross, but which is actually a memorial to the dead of the First World War, carved in the old fashioned style.[1]

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