Place:Ashkelon, HaDarom, Israel


Alt namesal-Majḍalsource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1985) I, 627
Ascalonsource: Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 337
Ashqelonsource: Wikipedia
Askalonsource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1985) I, 627
Migdal Ashqelonsource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1985) I, 627
Migdal Gadsource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1985) I, 627
Coordinates31.667°N 34.583°E
Located inHaDarom, Israel     (1948 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Ashkelon or Ashqelon (; , ʾAšqəlōn, ; Philistine: 𐤀𐤔𐤒𐤋𐤍 *ʾĪšqālān), also known as Ascalon (; , Askálōn;), is a coastal city in the Southern District of Israel on the Mediterranean coast, south of Tel Aviv, and north of the border with the Gaza Strip. The ancient seaport of Ashkelon dates back to the Neolithic Age. In the course of its history, it has been ruled by the Ancient Egyptians, the Canaanites, the Philistines, the Assyrians, the Babylonians, the Greeks, the Phoenicians, the Hasmoneans, the Romans, the Persians, the Arabs and the Crusaders, until it was destroyed by the Mamluks in 1270.

The area's early modern population was centered in the large town of al-Majdal or al-Majdal Asqalan, a few kilometres inland from the ancient site. In 1918, it became part of the British Occupied Enemy Territory Administration and in 1920 became part of Mandatory Palestine. Al-Majdal on the eve of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War had 10,000 Arab inhabitants and in October 1948, the city accommodated thousands more refugees from nearby villages. Al-Majdal was the forward position of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force based in Gaza. The village was conquered by Israeli forces on 5 November 1948, by which time most of the Arab population had fled, leaving some 2,700 inhabitants, of which 500 were deported by Israeli soldiers in December 1948.[1]

The town was initially named Migdal Gaza, Migdal Gad and Migdal Ashkelon by the new Jewish inhabitants. Most of the remaining Arabs were deported by 1950. In 1953, the coastal neighborhood of Afridar was incorporated and the name "Ashkelon" was adopted for the combined town. By 1961, Ashkelon was ranked 18th among Israeli urban centers with a population of 24,000.[2] In the population of Ashkelon was , making it the third-largest city in Israel's Southern District.

History of the ancient city

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History of the modern city

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