Place:Antioch, Hatay, Turkey


Alt namesAntakiyasource: NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Antakiyahsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 55
Antakyasource: Wikipedia
Antakyésource: Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Antioch on the Orontessource: GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) p 8668; Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Antioch-on-the-Orontessource: Wikipedia
Antiochesource: BHA, Authority file (2003-)
Antiocheasource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 38
Antiocheiasource: ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Antiochiasource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 38
Antiochia Syriaesource: Atlas of Greek & Roman World (1981) p 33
Antiokheiasource: NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Hataysource: NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Coordinates36.233°N 36.117°E
Located inHatay, Turkey
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Antioch on the Orontes (; , Antiókheia hē epì Oróntou; also Syrian Antioch) was an ancient Greek city on the eastern side of the Orontes River. Its ruins lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey, and lends the modern city its name.

Antioch was founded near the end of the fourth century BC by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals. The city's geographical, military, and economic location benefited its occupants, particularly such features as the spice trade, the Silk Road, and the Royal Road. It eventually rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East. The city was the capital of the Seleucid Empire until 63 B.C. when the Romans took control, making it the seat of the Roman governor. From the early 4th century the city was the seat of the Count of the Orient, head of the regional administration of sixteen provinces. It was also the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch was one of the most important cities in the eastern Mediterranean of Rome's dominions. It covered almost within the walls of which one quarter was mountain, leaving about one-fifth the area of Rome within the Aurelian Walls.

Antioch was called "the cradle of Christianity" as a result of its longevity and the pivotal role that it played in the emergence of both Hellenistic Judaism and early Christianity. The Christian New Testament asserts that the name "Christian" first emerged in Antioch. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis, and its residents were known as Antiochenes. The city was a metropolis of a quarter million people during Augustan times, but it declined to relative insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes, and a change in trade routes, which no longer passed through Antioch from the far east following the Mongol invasions and conquests.

History of Antioch

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

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