Place:Antioch, Hatay, Turkey


Alt namesAntakiyasource: NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Antakiyahsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 55
Antakyasource: Wikipedia
Antakyésource: Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Antioch on the Orontessource: GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) p 8668; Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Antioch-on-the-Orontessource: Wikipedia
Antiochesource: BHA, Authority file (2003-)
Antiocheasource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 38
Antiocheiasource: ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Antiochiasource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 38
Antiochia Syriaesource: Atlas of Greek & Roman World (1981) p 33
Antiokheiasource: NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Hataysource: NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Coordinates36.233°N 36.117°E
Located inHatay, Turkey
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Antioch on the Orontes (; ; Antiok; ; Arabic: انطاكية, Anṭākiya; ; Anṭiokia; Hebrew: אנטיוכיה, Antiyokhya; Ant'iokia;  ; also Syrian Antioch) was an ancient Greek city on the eastern side of the Orontes River. Its ruins lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey, and lends the modern city its name.

Founded near the end of the 4th century BC by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period.

As a result of its longevity and the pivotal role it played in the emergence of both Hellenistic Judaism and Early Christianity, Antioch was called "the cradle of Christianity." It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents were known as Antiochenes. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes, which no longer passed through Antioch from the far east, following the Mongol conquests.

History of Antioch

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

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