Place:Amelia, Virginia, United States

Watchers
NameAmelia
Alt namesAmeliasource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeCounty
Coordinates37.35°N 78.017°W
Located inVirginia, United States     (1734 - )
See alsoNottoway, Virginia, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Amelia County is a United States county located just west of Richmond in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The county is included in the Greater Richmond Region, and its county seat is Amelia Courthouse.

Amelia County was created in 1735 from parts of Prince George and Brunswick counties, and it was named in honor of Princess Amelia of Great Britain. Parts of the county were later carved out to create Prince Edward and Nottoway counties.

As of the 2010 census, the county population was 12,690, which is an increase of more than 44 percent from the 1990 census.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Amelia County was created by a legislative act in 1734 and 1735 from parts of Prince George and Brunswick counties. The County is named for Princess Amelia of Great Britain, daughter of King George II. As was customary, as population increased in the region, Amelia County was reduced by the division of territory to form newer counties; in 1754, Prince Edward County was formed from parts of Amelia County, and in 1789, Nottoway County was formed. It was developed for plantation agriculture dependent on slave labor.

During the Civil War General Robert E. Lee and his Army spent April 4 and 5, 1865 at Amelia Courthouse before his surrender on April 9 to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox. The last major battle of his army was fought at Sayler's Creek on April 6.

Amelia is known for its minerals, including the nation's best supply of amazonite, a green feldspar found at the Morefield mine. In the 19th century, spas were developed around its mineral springs, which were destinations for travelers.

In 1986 the Amelia County Fair sponsored a competition for the world's largest potato pancake (with apple sauce). It was constructed to raise money that year for the German American National Scholarship Fund. The pancake weighed more than two and one quarter tons and used four truck loads of potatoes.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1734 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1734 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1734 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1734 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1735 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1800 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1853 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 18,097
1800 9,432
1810 10,594
1820 11,104
1830 11,036
1840 10,320
1850 9,770
1860 10,741
1870 9,878
1880 10,377
1890 9,068
1900 9,037
1910 8,720
1920 9,800
1930 8,979
1940 8,495
1950 7,908
1960 7,815
1970 7,592
1980 8,405
1990 8,787

Note: Nottoway was reported with Amelia in 1790.

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