Place:Accomack, Virginia, United States

Alt namesAccomacksource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Coordinates37.75°N 75.667°W
Located inVirginia, United States     (1663 - present)
See alsoNorthampton, Virginia, United Statespre-1663 parent county


General description

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Accomack County is a United States county located in the Eastern edge of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Accomack and Northampton counties comprise the Eastern Shore of Virginia, part of the Delmarva Peninsula, which borders the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. The county seat is Accomac.

The Eastern Shore of Virginia was formerly "Accomac Shire", until being renamed Northampton County in 1642. The present Accomack County was created from Northampton County in 1663. Like the original shire, the county was named for the Accawmack Indians, who inhabited the area when the English discovered it in 1603.

As of the 2010 census, the total population was 33,164 people. The population of Accomack has remained relatively stable over the last century, though Accomack is one of the poorest parts of Virginia.[1]


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

An English expedition landed in the region in 1603, some years before the Jamestown Colony. Captain John Smith visited again in 1608. The native Accawmacke nation numbered around 2000, and were governed by a paramount chief Debedeavon, also known as "The Laughing King". He became a staunch ally to the English, and bestowed them several large land grants within his dwindling territory.

Accomac Shire was established in 1634 as one of the original eight shires of Virginia. The shire's name comes from the Native American word Accawmack, meaning "on the other side". In 1642 the name was changed to Northampton by the English, to eliminate heathen names in the New World. Northampton was split into two counties in 1663. The northern section assumed the original Accomac name, the southern, Northampton. In 1940, the General Assembly officially added a "k" to the end of the county's name to arrive at its current spelling. The name of "Accomack County" first appeared in the Decisions of the United States Board on Geographical Names in 1943.

The first Sheriff in the United States, William Stone, was appointed to serve Accomack County in 1634.

In 1670, the Virginia Colony's Royal Governor William Berkeley abolished Accomac County, but the Virginia General Assembly re-created it in 1671.

Unlike most of Virginia, during the Civil War, the county was not under Confederate control, but held by the forces of the United States government.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Accomack County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.


Date Event Source
1634 Accomac Shire formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1642 name changed to Northampton Source:Wikipedia
1663 ACCOMACK county created from NORTHAMPTON Source:Wikipedia, Source:Virginia Atlas of Historical County Boundaries
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1790 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
03 Mar 1879 ACCOMACK gained a small portion of the southern end of Smith's Island from SOMERSET (Md.) when the United States approved the Maryland-Virginia boundary down the south side of the Potomac River and across Chesapeake Bay, as settled in 1877 by arbitration Source:Virginia Atlas of Historical County Boundaries

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 13,959
1800 15,693
1810 15,743
1820 15,966
1830 16,656
1840 17,096
1850 17,890
1860 18,586
1870 20,409
1880 24,408
1890 27,277
1900 32,570
1910 36,650
1920 34,795
1930 35,854
1940 33,030
1950 33,832
1960 30,635
1970 29,004
1980 31,268
1990 31,703


Cemeteries of Accomack County, Virginia, United States

Research Tips


Accomack County VAGenWeb
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog