Person:Theodore I Laskaris (1)

Theodoros Komnenos Laskaris, Emperor of Nicaea
b.Est 1174/75 Nicaea, Bursa, Turkey
m. Est 1168
  1. Theodoros Komnenos Laskaris, Emperor of NicaeaEst 1174/75 - 1221
m. Abt Feb 1199
  1. Irene Lascarina
  2. Maria _____, LaskarisEst 1206 - 1270
  3. Eudokia LaskarinaBet 1210 & 1212 - Bet 1247 & 1253
  • HTheodoros Komnenos Laskaris, Emperor of NicaeaEst 1174/75 - 1221
  • WPhilippa of Armenia1183 - Bef 1219
m. 24 Nov 1214
  • HTheodoros Komnenos Laskaris, Emperor of NicaeaEst 1174/75 - 1221
  • WMarie de CourtenayEst 1204 - 1228
m. 1219
Facts and Events
Name Theodoros Komnenos Laskaris, Emperor of Nicaea
Alt Name Theodore Lascaris
Gender Male
Birth[1][2] Est 1174/75 Nicaea, Bursa, Turkey
Marriage Abt Feb 1199 Constantinople, Turkeyto Anna Komnena Angelina _____
Marriage 24 Nov 1214 to Philippa of Armenia
Divorce 1216 from Philippa of Armenia
Marriage 1219 to Marie de Courtenay
Death[1][2] Nov 1221 Constantinople, Turkey
Reference Number? Q37086?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Theodore I Laskaris or Lascaris (; 1175November 1221) was the first emperor of Nicaea—a successor state of the Byzantine Empire—from 1205 to his death. Although he was born to an obscure aristocratic family, his mother was related to the imperial Komnenos clan. He married Anna, a younger daughter of Emperor Alexios III Angelos in 1200. He received the title of despot before 1203, demonstrating his right to succeed his father-in-law on the throne.

The Fourth Crusade forced AlexiosIII to flee from Constantinople in 1203. Theodore was imprisoned by the crusaders (commonly referred to as "Latins" by the Byzantines), but he escaped. After crossing the Bosporus into Asia Minor (in present-day Turkey), he started to organise the local Greeks' resistance against the Latins in Bithynia in his father-in-law's name. He concluded an alliance with the Seljuq sultan of Rum, but he could not stop the Latins' expansion. Neither could he prevent a claimant to the imperial throne, Alexios Komnenos, from establishing a Byzantine successor state, the Empire of Trebizond, in northern Asia Minor. Theodore's position consolidated only after Tzar Kaloyan of Bulgaria inflicted a crushing defeat on the Latins in the Battle of Adrianople (in Thrace) in 1205.

Greeks fleeing from the Latin Empire—the crusader state that emerged in the Byzantine core territories—swarmed to Asia Minor to live under Theodore's rule. The Latins captured Theodore's father-in-law and made an alliance with AlexiosI of Trebizond, but Theodore routed their united troops. He secured the support of most Bithynian aristocrats and seized the domains of those who resisted him. In 1205, he assumed the traditional titles of the Byzantine emperors. Three years later, he convoked a Church council to elect a new Orthodox patriarch of Constantinople. The new patriarch crowned Theodore emperor and established his seat at Theodore's capital, Nicaea. The Orthodox population of the Latin Empire regarded Theodore as the main defender of their Church, but the rulers of Epirus—a realm that developed in the western regions of the Byzantine Empire—debated the legality of his coronation.

Theodore's father-in-law did not abandon his claim to the throne. After being released from prison, AlexiosIII persuaded the Seljuqs to invade Nicaea, but Theodore defeated them in 1211. The Latin Emperor Henry of Flanders captured important fortresses in western Asia Minor in 1212, but he ran out of soldiers and could not place garrisons in them. Henry implicitly acknowledged the existence of the Empire of Nicaea in his peace treaty with Theodore. Theodore conquered western Paphlagonia on the Black Sea coast from AlexiosI of Trebizond. Around 1220, Theodore tried to persuade the Latins of Constantinople to acknowledge his rule, but they refused. Theodore established a powerful state, located in the vicinity of Constantinople, which enabled his successors to expel the Latins from the city and revive the Byzantine Empire in 1261.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Theodore I Laskaris. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Theodore I Laskaris, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. 2.0 2.1 THEODOROS Komnenos Laskaris, in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.