Person:Sigismund III Vasa (1)

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Sigismund III Vasa
b.20 Jun 1566
d.30 Apr 1632 n.s.
  1. Isabella Johansdotter Vasa1564 - 1566
  2. Sigismund III Vasa1566 -
  3. Anna Vasa of Sweden1568 - 1625
  1. Władysław IV Vasa1595 - 1648
  1. John II Casimir Vasa1609 - 1672
  2. John Albert Vasa1612 - 1634
  3. Karol Ferdynand Vasa1613 - 1655
  4. Alexander Charles Vasa1614 - 1634
  5. Anna Catherine Constance Vasa1619 - 1651
Facts and Events
Name Sigismund III Vasa
Gender Male
Birth[1] 20 Jun 1566 House of Vasa
Marriage to Anna of Austria
Marriage to Constance _____, of Austria
Death[1] 30 Apr 1632 n.s.
Reference Number? Q52940?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Sigismund III Vasa (; 20 June 1566 – 30 April 1632 N.S.) was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1587 to 1632 and, as Sigismund, King of Sweden and Grand Duke of Finland from 1592 to 1599. He was the first Polish sovereign from the House of Vasa. A religious zealot, he imposed Roman Catholic doctrine across the vast realm, and his crusades against neighbouring states marked Poland's largest territorial expansion. As an enlightened despot, he presided over an era of prosperity and achievement, further distinguished by the transfer of the country's capital from Kraków to Warsaw.

Sigismund was the son of King John III of Sweden and his first wife, Catherine Jagiellon, daughter of King Sigismund I of Poland. Elected monarch of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1587, he sought to unify Poland and Sweden under one Catholic kingdom, and when he succeeded his deceased father in 1592 the Polish–Swedish union was created. Opposition in Protestant Sweden caused a war against Sigismund headed by Sigismund's uncle Charles IX, who deposed him in 1599.

Sigismund attempted to hold absolute power in all his dominions and frequently undermined parliament. He suppressed internal opposition, strengthened Catholic influence and granted privileges to the Jesuits, whom he employed as advisors and spies during the Counter-Reformation. He actively interfered in the affairs of neighbouring countries; his invasion of Russia during the Time of Troubles resulted in brief control over Moscow and seizure of Smolensk. Sigismund's army also defeated the Ottoman forces in southeastern Europe, which hastened the downfall of Sultan Osman II. However, the Polish–Swedish conflict had a less favourable outcome. After a series of skirmishes ending in a truce, King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden launched a campaign against the Commonwealth and annexed parts of Polish Livonia.

Sigismund remains a controversial figure in Poland. One of the country's most recognisable monarchs, his long reign coincided with the Polish Golden Age, the apex in the prestige, power and economic influence of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. On the other hand, it was also during his rule that the seeds of decline surfaced. Considerable contributions to the arts and architecture as well as military victories were tarnished by intrigues and religious persecutions. He was commemorated in Warsaw by Sigismund's Column, one of the city's chief landmarks and the first secular monument in the form of a column in modern history. It was commissioned after Sigismund's death by his son and successor, Władysław IV.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Sigismund III Vasa. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Sigismund III Vasa, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.