Person:Robert Carr (55)

Watchers
Sir Robert Carr, Kt.
d.1 Jun 1667 Bristol, England
Facts and Events
Name Sir Robert Carr, Kt.
Gender Male
Birth? Northumberland, England
Military[3] 23 Jul 1664 Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
Military[2] 1 Oct 1664 New Castle, Delaware, United StatesNew Castle, Delaware was originally settled by the Dutch West India Company in 1651, under Peter Stuyvesant on the site of a former Indian village, "Tomakonck" ("Place of the Beaver"). The original name of New Castle was Fort Casimir. This was changed to Fort Trinity following its capture by New Sweden on Trinity Sunday, 1654. After its recapture by the Dutch the following year, the name was changed to Nieuw-Amstel. Under Sir Robert Carr, the British routed the Dutch in 1664 and changed the name to New Castle. The Dutch again seized the town in 1673 but it was returned to Great Britain the next year under the Treaty of Westminster (1674). In 1680 it was conveyed to William Penn by the Duke of York and was Penn's landing place when he first set foot on American soil in 1682. This transfer to Penn was contested by Lord Baltimore and the boundary dispute was not resolved until the survey conducted by Mason and Dixon, now famed in history as the Mason–Dixon line.
Death[1] 1 Jun 1667 Bristol, England

Sir Robert Carr, Kt.

  • New England Historical and Genealogical Register. Vol. 24, No. 1, Page 187, January 1870. (By Henry Fritz-Gilbert Waters, New England Historic Genealogical Society Staff).S1
Sir Robert Carr and his will – Of Sir Robert Carr, one of the commission, consisting of Col. Richard Nicolls, Col. George Cartwright, Samuel Maverick and himself, appointed by Charles II., April 25, 1664, to settle the difficulties in New England, there is a brief notice in Allen’s American Biographical Dictionary. But little is known of his personal history before his appointment. Many of the incidents in his subsequent life may be gleaned from letters printed in Documents relating to the Colonial History of New York, published by that sate, under the supervision of E. B. O’Callaghan, LL.D., for which the index in vol.xi. of that work should be consulted. Nathaniel Morton, in his New England’s Memorial, first published in 1669, under the year 1665, notes that “Sir Robert Carr is at present at Delaware.” To this he appends this note, written at a later date:S1
“The said Sir Robert Carr, since that, went for England, in the year 1667. He arrived at Bristol, and died there June 1, the next day after he came ashore. About that time it was thought, by such as were judicious, that through the instigation of the said Maverick (whose spirit was full of malignity against the country), our both civil and religious liberties were much endangered; and the rather for that probably, there would have been a concurrence of divers ill-affected in the land, had not the Lord prevented.”S1
Col. Joseph L. Chester has found his will recorded at London. It is registered in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, in Book “Carr, folio 90.” A copy of this record which he has furnished me is printed below. Where the “Island of Carr in New-England” named in it was situated, I have not been able to ascertain. The “Carr’s Island” at the mouth of the Merrimac, mentioned in the Register, vol.xiii. p.281, was, I presume, another island. Col. Nicolls in a letter to Lord Arlington, dated at Fort James, New-York, April 10, 1666, printed in the Documents relating to New-York, before referred to, vol. iii. Page 115, recommends that Gov. Inniosa’s (Hinnoyossa’s) island be given to Sir Robert Carr; but this evidently was in Delaware. In the same volume, page 109, is a letter from Carr himself to the English Secretary of State, dated Dec. 5, 1665, in which he states that there was a tract of land near Point Judith in the Narraganset country that he desired to settle upon.S1
James Deane, named in the will, is also called a servant of Carr, by Gov. Leverett, in a letter dated Jan. 22, 1666, printed in Hutchinson’s Collection of Papers, in the original edition, p. 411, and in the reprint by the Prince Society, vol. ii. pp. 138-39.
  • Last Will & Testament of Sir Robert Carr, Kt.S1
“Will of Sir Robert Carr of Ithall, co. Northumberland, Knight.
“All my estate in America to my eldest son William Carr, all other estates in England being formerly settled. To my servant James Deane and his heirs, in consideration of his service, a Plantation within any of the six islands granted to me, except in Carr-Island.
“The above written paper read to the above Sir Robert Carr, 29 May 1667, who declared it to be his last Will.
“Admon 16 July 1667 granted to William Carr, son of Sir Robert Carr, Knight, late of the Island of Carr in New-England, in parts beyond the seas, but at the City of Bristol deceased.”S1
Boston Mass., 1870. John Ward Dean.S1
  • Son of Sir Robert Carr, Kt. (deceased)
Sir William Carr, Baronet
b. Etal, Ford, Northumberland, England
d. 11 Apr 1777
References
  1. The New England Historical and Genealogical Register. (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society), Vol. 24, No. 1, Page 187, January 1870.
  2. Ferris, Benjamin. A history of the original settlements on the Delaware: from its discovery by Hudson to the colonization under William Penn : to which is added an account of the ecclesiastical affairs of the Swedish settlers, and a history of Wilmington, from its first settlement to the present time. (Wilmington: Wilson & Heald, 1846).

    On the arrival of Carr at New Amstel, the authorities there quietly surrendered Fort Cassimir and themselves to the English government. The articles of capitulation were as follows, to wit:

    “Articles of agreement between the Honourable Sir Robert Car, Knight, on behalf of his majesty of Great Britain, and the Burgomasters on behalf of themselves, and all the Dutch and Swedes, inhabiting on Delaware bay, and Delaware river.
    1. That all the burgesses and planters will submit themselves to his majesty without any resistance.
    2. That whoever or what nation soever doth submit to his majesty’s authority, shall be protected in their estates, real and personal whatsoever, by his majesty’s laws and justice.
    3. That the present magistrates shall be continued in their offices and jurisdictions, to exercise their civil power as formerly.
    4. That if any Dutchman, or other person, shall desire to depart from the river, it shall be lawful for him so to do, with his goods, within six months after the date of these articles.
    5. That the magistrates and all the inhabitants who are included in those articles, shall take the oath of allegiance to his majesty.
    6. That all people shall enjoy the liberty of their consciences in church discipline, as formerly.
    7. That whosoever shall take the oath, is from that time a free denizen, and shall enjoy all the privileges of trading into any of his majesty’s dominions, as freely as any Englishman, and may require a certificate for so doing.
    8. That the Schout, the Burgomaster, Sheriff, and other inferior magistrates, shall use and exercise their customary power, in administration of justice, within their precincts for six months, or until his majesty’s pleasure is further known.”

    Dated October 1st, 1664

  3. Lossing, Benson John. Harper's encyclopaedia of United States history, from 458 A.D. to 1905: based upon the plan of Benson John Lossing .. (Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1902), Vol. 9, Page 396, 397.

    Four ships, Guinea, thirty-six guns, Elias, thirty guns, Martin, sixteen guns, and William and Nicholas, ten guns, with 450 soldiers, are sent from England against the Dutch at New Netherland. They bring four commissioners to arrange affairs in New England – viz., Col. Richard Nicolls, Sir Robert Carr, Col. George Cartwright, and Samuel Maverick, who reach Boston . . .July 23, 1664.