Person:Richard Cromwell (8)

Richard Cromwell
b.4 Oct 1626
d.12 Jul 1712
m. 22 Aug 1620
  1. Bridget Cromwell1624 - 1662
  2. Richard Cromwell1626 - 1712
  3. Henry Cromwell1628 - 1674
  4. Elizabeth Cromwell1629 - 1658
  5. Mary Cromwell1636/37 - 1712/13
  6. Frances Cromwell1638 - 1720
Facts and Events
Name Richard Cromwell
Gender Male
Birth[1] 4 Oct 1626
Death[1] 12 Jul 1712
Reference Number? Q203980?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Richard Cromwell (4 October 162612 July 1712) was an English statesman who was the second and last Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland and son of the first Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell.

On his father's death in 1658 Richard became Lord Protector, but lacked authority. He tried to mediate between the army and civil society and allowed a Parliament containing many disaffected Presbyterians and Royalists to sit. Suspicions that civilian councillors were intent on supplanting the army were brought to a head by an attempt to prosecute a major-general for actions against a Royalist. The army made a threatening show of force against Richard and may have had him in detention. He formally renounced power nine months after succeeding.

Although a Royalist revolt was crushed by the recalled civil war figure General John Lambert, who then prevented the Rump Parliament from reconvening and created a Committee of Safety, Lambert found his troops melted away in the face of General George Monck's advance from Scotland. Monck then presided over the Restoration of 1660. Cromwell went into exile on the Continent, and lived in relative obscurity for the remainder of his life. He eventually returned to his English estate and died in his eighties. He has no living descendants.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Richard Cromwell, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.