Person:Peter III of Russia (1)

Peter III of Russia
d.17 Jul 1762 Ropscha
m. 21 Aug 1745
  1. Paul I of Russia1754 - 1801
Facts and Events
Name Peter III of Russia
Alt Name Karl Peter Ulrich van Holstein Gottorp
Gender Male
Birth[2] 21 Feb 1728 Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Preußen, GermanyHouse of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
Marriage 21 Aug 1745 St.Petersbourgto Catherine II of Russia
Death[2][3] 17 Jul 1762 Ropscha
Reference Number? Q151789?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Peter III (;  – ) was Emperor of Russia for six months in 1762. He was born in Kiel as Charles Peter Ulrich of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp, the only child of Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (the son of Hedvig Sophia of Sweden, sister of Charles XII), and Anna Petrovna (the elder surviving daughter of Peter the Great).

The German-born Peter III could hardly speak Russian and pursued a strongly pro-Prussian policy, which made him an unpopular leader. He was deposed by troops loyal to his wife, Catherine, the former Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst who, despite her own German origins, was a Russian nationalist. She succeeded him as Empress Catherine II. Peter III died in captivity soon after his overthrow, perhaps with Catherine's approval as part of the coup conspiracy. However, another theory is that his death was unplanned, resulting from a drunken brawl with one of his guards.

Despite his generally poor reputation, Peter III made some progressive reforms during his short reign. He proclaimed religious freedom and encouraged education, sought to modernize the Russian army, abolished the secret police, which had been infamous for its extreme violence, and made it illegal for landowners to kill their serfs without going to court. Catherine reversed some of his reforms and carried through others, notably the annexation of church property.

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  1.   Peter III of Russia, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Petr III Romanov, Tsar of Russia, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3. Vermoord