Person:Penda of Mercia (1)

Penda _____, King of Mercia
d.15 Nov 655 Mercia, England
Facts and Events
Name Penda _____, King of Mercia
Gender Male

Too Ancient for WeRelate

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Marriage to Cynewise _____
Marriage to Unknown
Death[1] 15 Nov 655 Mercia, EnglandBattle of the Winwaed
Reference Number? Q332123?
  1. Penda of Mercia, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.

    the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

    Penda (died 15 November 655)<ref>Manuscript A of the ''[[Wikipedia:Anglo-Saxon Chronicle|Anglo-Saxon Chronicle]]'' gives the year as 655. Bede also gives the year as 655 and specifies a date, 15 November. R. L. Poole (''Studies in Chronology and History'', 1934) put forward the theory that Bede began his year in September, and consequently November 655 would actually fall in 654; Frank Stenton also dated events accordingly in his ''Anglo-Saxon England'' (1943).<sup>[[Wikipedia:#References|1]]</sup> Others have accepted Bede's given dates as meaning what they appear to mean, considering Bede's year to have begun on 25 December or 1 January (see S. Wood, 1983: "Bede's Northumbrian dates again"<!--''The English Historical Review'', Vol. 98, No. 387, April 1983, pages 280–296-->). The historian D. P. Kirby suggested the year 656 as a possibility, alongside 655, in case the dates given by Bede are off by one year (see Kirby's "Bede and Northumbrian Chronology", 1963<!--''The English Historical Review'', Vol. 78, No. 308, July 1963, pages 514–27.-->). The ''[[Wikipedia:Annales Cambriae|Annales Cambriae]]'' gives the year as 657. [ Annales Cambriae at Fordham University]</ref> was a 7th-century King of Mercia, the Anglo-Saxon kingdom in what is today the Midlands. A pagan at a time when Christianity was taking hold in many of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, Penda took over the Severn Valley in 628 following the Battle of Cirencester before participating in the defeat of the powerful Northumbrian king Edwin at the Battle of Hatfield Chase in 633.

    Nine years later, he defeated and killed Edwin's eventual successor, Oswald, at the Battle of Maserfield; from this point he was probably the most powerful of the Anglo-Saxon rulers of the time, laying the foundations for the Mercian Supremacy over the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy. He repeatedly defeated the East Angles and drove Cenwalh the king of Wessex into exile for three years. He continued to wage war against the Bernicians of Northumbria. Thirteen years after Maserfield, he suffered a crushing defeat by Oswald's successor and brother Oswiu, and was killed at the Battle of the Winwaed in the course of a final campaign against the Bernicians.

    This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Penda of Mercia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
  2.   PENDA, son of PYBBA King of Mercia ([575]-killed in battle Winwæd near Leeds Autumn [654/55]), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.