Person:Maximilian I of Mexico (1)

Maximilian I of Mexico
b.6 Jul 1832
d.19 Jun 1867
m. 27 Jul 1857
Facts and Events
Name Maximilian I of Mexico
Gender Male
Birth[1] 6 Jul 1832
Marriage 27 Jul 1857 The City of Brussels, Brabant, Belgiumto Charlotte of Belgium
Death[1] 19 Jun 1867
Reference Number? Q84192?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Maximilian I (Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph Maria; 6 July 1832 – 19 June 1867) was the only monarch of the Second Mexican Empire. He was a younger brother of the Austrian emperor Franz Joseph I. After a distinguished career in the Austrian Navy as its commander, he accepted an offer by Napoleon III of France to rule Mexico, conditional on a national plebiscite in his favour. France, together with Spain and the United Kingdom, [[Wikipedia:French intervention in Mexico|invaded the Mexican Republic in the winter of 1861, ostensibly to collect debts; the Spanish and British both withdrew the following year after negotiating agreements with Mexico's republican government, while France sought to conquer the country. Seeking to legitimize French rule, Napoleon III invited Maximilian to establish a new pro-French Mexican monarchy. With the support of the French army and a group of conservative Mexican monarchists hostile to the liberal administration of the new Mexican president, Benito Juárez, Maximilian traveled to Mexico and declared himself Emperor of Mexico on 10 April 1864.

The Empire managed to gain recognition by several European powers including Britain, Austria, and Prussia.Template:Sfn The United States however, continued to recognize Juárez as the legal president of Mexico. Maximilian never completely defeated the Mexican Republic; Republican forces led by President Benito Juárez continued to be active during Maximilian's rule. With the end of the American Civil War in 1865, the United States (which had been too distracted by its own Civil War to confront the Europeans' 1861 invasion of what it considered to be its sphere of influence) began more explicit aid of President Juárez's forces. Matters worsened for Maximilian after French armies withdrew from Mexico in 1866. His self-declared empire collapsed, and he was captured and executed by the Mexican government, which then restored the Mexican Republic.

His wife, Charlotte of Belgium (Carlota), who had left for Europe earlier to try to build support for her husband's regime, suffered an emotional collapse after his death and apparently became insane.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Maximilian I of Mexico, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.