Person:Marie Louise Gonzaga (1)

Marie Louise Gonzaga
b.18 Aug 1611
d.10 May 1667
m. Feb 1599
  1. Charles Gonzaga, Duke of Nevers1609 - 1631
  2. Marie Louise Gonzaga1611 - 1667
  3. Anna Gonzaga1616 - 1684
  1. Maria Anna Vasa1650 - 1651
  2. John Sigismund Vasa1652 - 1652
Facts and Events
Name Marie Louise Gonzaga
Alt Name Ludwika Maria Gonzaga
Gender Female
Birth[1] 18 Aug 1611 House of Gonzaga
Marriage to John II Casimir Vasa
Marriage to Władysław IV Vasa
Death[1] 10 May 1667
Reference Number? Q232793?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Marie Louise Gonzaga (; 18 August 1611 – 10 May 1667) was Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania by marriage to two kings of Poland and grand dukes of Lithuania, brothers Władysław IV and John II Casimir. Together with Bona Sforza (1494–1557), she is regarded as one of the most influential and powerful queen consorts of the Kingdom of Poland and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Born in Nevers to Charles I, Duke of Mantua and Catherine of Guise, Marie was brought up at court as the future bride of Duke Gaston of Orléans. In 1645, she married Władysław IV of Poland, with whom she did not have a harmonious relationship. After his death in 1648, the widowed queen married his half-brother and successor, John II Casimir. Marie Louise exuded considerable influence over her second husband and dictated the political course in the country. An ambitious and energetic woman, she was a strong supporter of an absolute monarchy, for which she was reviled by certain spheres of the Polish nobility. She, nevertheless, remained active in the Commonwealth's politics and co-sponsored the foundation of the first Polish newspaper, Merkuriusz Polski Ordynaryjny (Polish Mercury Ordinary), in 1661 as well as other public institutions.

While her role is regarded as crucial in repulsing the foreign forces out of Poland-Lithuania during the Swedish Deluge (1655–1660), she became increasingly unpopular due to her absolutist policies and intention of nominating her niece's husband, Henri Jules, the future Prince of Condé, the heir apparent to the Polish throne. This resulted in a military conflict with the internal opposition, which ended with the defeat of the royal army in 1666, during Lubomirski's rebellion. Following Marie Louise's death, John Casimir in a hesitating position renounced the crown, and the Commonwealth's government officially shortened the prerogatives of the royal consort.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Marie Louise Gonzaga, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.