Person:Malcolm I of Scotland (1)

Facts and Events
Name[1] Malcolm I of Scotland
Alt Name Malcolm Macdonald
Alt Name King Malcolm _____, 1st, of Scotland
Alt Name[1][10] Máel Coluim mac Domnaill
Gender Male
Birth? 897 Fordoun, Kincardineshire, Scotland
Alt Marriage 898 Sterlingshire, Caithness, Scotlandto unknown (add)
Marriage Abt 931 Scotlandto unknown (add)
Other[1] 942 Ascended the Throne, King of Alba
Death? 954 Fordoun, Kincardineshire, Scotland
Reference Number? Q333730?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Máel Coluim mac Domnaill (anglicised Malcolm I) (died 954) was king of Scots (before 943 – 954), becoming king when his cousin Causantín mac Áeda abdicated to become a monk. He was the son of Domnall mac Causantín.

Máel Coluim was probably born during his father's reign (889–900). By the 940s, he was no longer a young man, and may have become impatient in awaiting the throne. Willingly or not—the 11th-century Prophecy of Berchán, a verse history in the form of a supposed prophecy, states that it was not a voluntary decision that Constantine II abdicated in 943 and entered a monastery, leaving the kingdom to Máel Coluim.

Seven years later, the Chronicle of the Kings of Alba says:
[Malcolm I] plundered the English as far as the River Tees, and he seized a multitude of people and many herds of cattle: and the Scots called this the raid of Albidosorum, that is, Nainndisi. But others say that Constantine made this raid, asking of the king, Malcolm, that the kingship should be given to him for a week's time, so that he could visit the English. In fact, it was Malcolm who made the raid, but Constantine incited him, as I have said.
Woolf suggests that the association of Constantine with the raid is a late addition, one derived from a now-lost saga or poem.

He died in the shield wall next to his men. Máel Coluim would be the third in his immediate family to die violently, his father Donald II and grandfather Constantine I both having met similar fates 54 years earlier in 900 and 77 years earlier in 877 respectively.

In 945, Edmund I of England, having expelled Amlaíb Cuaran (Olaf Sihtricsson) from Northumbria, devastated Cumbria and blinded two sons of Domnall mac Eógain, king of Strathclyde. It is said that he then "let" or "commended" Strathclyde to Máel Coluim in return for an alliance. What is to be understood by "let" or "commended" is unclear, but it may well mean that Máel Coluim had been the overlord of Strathclyde and that Edmund recognised this while taking lands in southern Cumbria for himself.

The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba says that Máel Coluim took an army into Moray "and slew Cellach". Cellach is not named in the surviving genealogies of the rulers of Moray, and his identity is unknown.

Máel Coluim appears to have kept his agreement with the late English king, which may have been renewed with the new king, Edmund having been murdered in 946 and succeeded by his brother Edred. Eric Bloodaxe, son to King Harald Hairfair of Norway, took York in 948, before being driven out by Edred, and when Amlaíb Cuaran again took York in 949–950, Máel Coluim raided Northumbria as far south as the Tees taking "a multitude of people and many herds of cattle" according to the Chronicle. The Annals of Ulster for 952 report a battle between "the men of Alba and the Britons [of Strathclyde] and the English" against the foreigners, i.e. the Northmen or the Norse-Gaels. This battle is not reported by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, and it is unclear whether it should be related to the expulsion of Amlaíb Cuaran from York or the return of Eric Bloodaxe.

The Annals of Ulster report that Máel Coluim was killed in 954. Other sources place this most probably in the Mearns, either at Fetteresso following the Chronicle, or at Dunnottar following the Prophecy of Berchán. He was buried on Iona. Máel Coluim's sons Dub and Cináed were later kings.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Malcolm I of Scotland. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Malcolm I of Scotland, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Burke's Peerage 99th Ed (GS #942 D22bup prefix p. 285-86).
  3.   Dict of Nat'l Biog (GS #920.042 D561n vol 35 p. 398-99).
  4.   A Vindication of Macbeth (GS #929.2706 M288c p. 9, 14).
  5.   Encyclopedia Britannica 1964 Ed (GS #032 En19b vol 14 p. 725).
  6.   Ancestry Family Trees. (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.)
    This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note.
  7. OneWorldTree (3). (Name: Name: The Generations Network, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA;;)
    Database online.

    Record for Unknown King Kenneth

  8.   Donald Lloyd Bradley. Donald Lloyd Bradley.

    Date of Import: Aug 21, 1999

  9.   Malcolm, in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  10. Máel Coluim mac Domnaill (Malcolm I), in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.