Person:Ludwig II of Bavaria (1)

Ludwig II of Bavaria
b.25 Aug 1845
d.13 Jun 1886
  1. Ludwig II of Bavaria1845 - 1886
  2. Otto of Bavaria1848 - 1916
Facts and Events
Name Ludwig II of Bavaria
Gender Male
Birth[1] 25 Aug 1845
Death[1] 13 Jun 1886
Reference Number? Q44039?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Ludwig II (Ludwig Otto Friedrich Wilhelm; 25 August 1845 – 13 June 1886) was King of Bavaria from 1864 until his death in 1886. He is sometimes called the Swan King or ('the Fairy Tale King'). He also held the titles of Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of Bavaria, Duke of Franconia, and Duke in Swabia.

Ludwig ascended to the throne in 1864 at the age of 18. Two years later, Bavaria and Austria fought a war against Prussia lasting only a matter of weeks, which they lost. However, in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, Bavaria sided with Prussia in their successful war against France. Despite Ludwig's reluctance to support the Unification of Germany, Bavaria and 21 other monarchies became part of the new German Empire, with Wilhelm I, the King of Prussia and Ludwig's cousin, as the German Emperor. Bavaria retained a large degree of autonomy within the Empire under the new Imperial Constitution.

Ludwig increasingly withdrew from day-to-day affairs of state in favour of extravagant artistic and architectural projects. He commissioned the construction of lavish palaces: Neuschwanstein Castle, Linderhof Palace and Herrenchiemsee. He was also a devoted patron of the composer Richard Wagner. Ludwig spent all his own private royal revenues (although not state funds as is commonly thought) on these projects, borrowed extensively, and defied all attempts by his ministers to restrain him. This extravagance was used against him to declare him insane, an accusation that has since come under scrutiny. Ludwig was taken into custody and effectively deposed on 12 June 1886, and he and his doctor were found dead on the following day. His death was ruled to be a suicide but this too has been disputed.[1] Today, his architectural and artistic legacy includes many of Bavaria's most important tourist attractions.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Ludwig II of Bavaria, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.