Person:Johannes Ring (1)

m. 27 Apr 1737
  1. Anna Maria Ring1737 - Abt 1737
  2. Anna Maria Ring1740 - Abt 1740
  3. Anna Barbel Ring1742 - Abt 1742
  4. Cattarina Ring1744 - Abt 1744
  5. Conrad Ring1746 - Aft 1819
  6. Anna Maria Ring1748 - Bet 1779-1785
  7. Catharina Ring1750 - 1813
  8. George Ring1751/52 - 1818
  9. Johannes Ring1754 - 1825
  10. Elisabeth Ring1756 -
  11. David Ring1758 - Bef 1838
m. Abt. 1774
  1. Peter Ring1775 - Abt 1775
  2. George J. Ring1779 - 1831
  3. Annetje Ring1782 - 1845
  4. Anna Maria Ring1785 - 1857
  5. Jacob Ring1787 - 1836
  6. Catherine Ring1791 -
  7. Henry Ring1793 - 1820
  8. Getrude Ring1797 - 1843
m. 19 Aug 1817
Facts and Events
Name Johannes Ring
Alt Name John Ring
Gender Male
Birth[1] 4 May 1754 Rhinebeck (town), Dutchess, New York, United States
Marriage Abt. 1774 to Barbara Pultz
Marriage 19 Aug 1817 Rhinebeck (town), Dutchess, New York, United Statesto Gertrude Marquart
Death[2][20] 12 Aug 1825 Dutchess, New York, United States
Burial[2][20] Rhinebeck (town), Dutchess, New York, United StatesSt. Peter's Lutheran Church (Stone Church) Cemetery

Johannes Ring (1754-1825) was a prominent miller in Dutchess County, New York, during the first decades after independence. He was usually called Johannes or Johannis Ring, but he was also known by the Anglicized name John, particularly in his later years.


Early Years, 1754-1782

The first decades of Johannes' life are not well documented. According to his mother's Bible, he was born May 4, 1754.[1] The family Bible does not mention a baptism and none has been found in local church records. Nor is there any known record of his marriage to Maria Barbara Pultz. In fact, Johannes does not appear in local church records until his own son Peter was baptized in 1775. Even this record is doubtful, since the parents are called Johan George Ring and Maria Barbara, perhaps due to an error by the pastor.[12]

Documentation begins to improve during the American Revolution. Johannes was one of four Ring men who refused to sign an oath of allegiance to the Patriot government at Rhinebeck in June and July, 1775.[5] As conflict between Britain and the Colonies intensified, Johannes changed his views and publicly supported the Patriots. In 1778, he was one of forty Rhinebeck men who petitioned New York Governor George Clinton requesting the pardon of John Moffat for a unnamed crime, arguing that Moffat “hath during the present troubles Distinguished himself as an active and remarkable Zealous Whigg, and been peculiarly Serviceable to the publick in apprehending and Otherwise Discouraging the Enemies of this state.”[10] Three years later, in 1781, Johannis Ring enlisted in the Dutchess County Militia, Sixth Regiment, under the "Land Bounty Rights" provision that offered a 200-acre land grant in return for service. By that time, the war was almost over, so it is unlikely that the Sixth Regiment was ever called up to serve in combat.[13]

Mill at Rhinebeck, 1783-1788

Johannes ran a grist mill at Rhinebeck during the first years after war, but we do not have exact information about its location and dates of operation. An account book mentions Ring's Mill in an entry dated September 1783, but it does not refer to Johannes by name.[14] The first reference to him as proprietor dates to 1787, when the Poughkeepsie Journal ran a series of letters regarding a dispute between John Ring and the firm of D'Hart & Pennington, who had consigned a delivery of wheat to Ring's Mill. This dispute was referred for arbitration to local notables Robert Sands, Everardus Bogardus, and Ananias Cooper, who decided in John's favor.[7]

Ring's Mill may be a forgotten name for the stone grist mill that once stood on Landsman Kill near Route 308 and Miller Road east of Rhinebeck Flatts. This mill, commonly known as Rutsen's Mill, Sand's Mill, or Schuyler's Mill, was built by Henry Beekman's heir Jacob Rutsen in 1739. It was later run by Jacob's son John Rutsen until he died in 1771. Robert Sands took control in 1779 when he married John Rutsen's widow. Philip J. Schuyler then inherited the mill when he married John Rutsen's daughter in 1788.[20][21] The Schuyler mill can be seen on the Alexander Thompson map (1798) (see the building labelled "G.M." near the Sands and Schuyler homes).[3] Sands and Schuyler used hired millers and Johannes may have had that position during Sand's tenure from 1779 to 1788.

House and Blacksmith Shop, 1794-1808

The Johannes Ring house is shown on a copy of the Alexander Thompson map of Rhinebeck (1798) that is currently owned by the Library of Congress. The house appears to occupy the site of the historic J.E. Traver farm at 122 Violet Hill Road, which was built before 1798 and was later owned by Johannes' son-in-law Philip P. Moore and his daughter Anna Maria Ring (see Google Maps).[29]

Rhinebeck town records refer to the Johannes Ring house as a landmark to define the boundaries of two road districts, one running from "Nine Partners at Conley's to John Ring's & to the Flatts" (1794-1795) and another from "Jacob Moul's to John Ring's" (1799-1808). Jacob Moul's Inn survives today at 377 Old Post Road. It is shown on the Thompson map (1798) where the Post Road intersects the road running east to the houses of Robert Sands, Philip Schuyler, and Johannes Ring. Soon after this map was made, the town approved an alteration of this eastern road from the Sands house to the blacksmith shop and house of Johannes Ring.[4]

Local Politics, 1792-1799

Johannes was active in the Federalist Party during the 1790s. He represented Rhinebeck at local and county conventions in 1792 and 1795, rubbing shoulders with a cross-section of local conservatives, including Henry B. Livingston, the brother-in-law of John Jay and a future Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court; William S. Pennington, one of Johannes' adversaries from the legal dispute of 1787; prominent men of Dutch descent, such as Andrew G. Hermance; as well other German men like Frederick Tator, a cousin of Johannes on his mother's side.[7] Johannes also served a term as town assessor (1794), one of the few public offices available to Germans.[27]

During the colonial era, there was a strict hierarchy in Rhinebeck politics. Germans made up a majority of the local population, but they were generally thought unfit to hold the highest political offices. Some held comparatively minor offices like town clerk, constable, road commissioner, or assessor, but the highest offices like town supervisor and seats in the state assembly were dominated by Rhinebeck's elite Dutch families.[28] During the revolution, local elites began to embrace outsiders like Egbert Benson, who led the local committee of safety, served in the New York State Assembly, and became the first New York Attorney General, but the Germans remained marginalized.

In 1799, a group of Germans in the Federalist Party broke with tradition and nominated one of their own as a candidate for New York State Assembly. In its published platform, these electors challenged the "practice of sending Lawyers and New Comers to transact public business," vowing to nominate one of the common farmers who made up "the greater part of this and every other county." That candidate was "John Ring, a respectable and deserving farmer." The correspondents nominated to carry word of his nomination to neighboring towns were all men with German surnames like Schultz, Shafer, Fraligh, Lown, Tator, Cramer, and Pultz.[8] They evidently failed to garner enough support outside of their own community to match other Federalist challengers or to overcome the popular candidates of the Democratic-Republican Party. On election day, John received only 1,065 votes, 98 fewer than the leading Federalist candidate and more than 1,000 votes behind top candidates from other parties.[16]

Fourth of July, 1813

On July 5, 1813, more than a decade after he ran as a candidate for the New York State Assembly, Johannes was chair of the Federalist Party's Fourth of July celebration at William Jaques Hotel in Rhinebeck (now known as the Beekman Arms). This event took place during the War of 1812 (1812-1815), while many of the town's young men were actively serving in the war effort as soldiers in the New York State militia, including Johannes' son, Captain George J. Ring, and his nephew, Lieutenant Philip D. Ring.

The Poughkeepsie Journal described the occasion:

The Declaration of Independence was read by Mr. Benjamin Price, and a well written oration delivered by Mr. GEORGE A. SHUFELDT. The sentiments it breathed were such as every true American would be proud of, and the style in which it was delivered was highly respectable. An excellent dinner was prepared by Mr. Jaques, the room was handsomely decorated with two Naval Columns, on which were inscribed the names of Hull-Decature-Jones-Bainbridge & Lawrence-the Columns, were connected by the names of Washington and Hamilton, the fast friends and firm advocates of the Navy. At three o'clock the Chair was taken by Mr. John Ring, who presided, assisted by Col. Anthony Delameter. After the cloth was removed the following toasts were drank.
  1. The day we celebrate, may the Independence it secured to us never be surrendered to the power or the artifice of any foreign nation. 3 Cheers.
  2. The memory of Washington, whose virtue preserved that Liberty, which his wisdom and his valour obtained for his country.
  3. The Sages who directed our public councils throughout the revolution.
  4. The immortal memory of those heroes who sealed our Independance with their blood.
  5. The memory of Hamilton-The disciple of Washington and the champion of Federalism.
  6. The survivors of that band of Patriots who achieved the Independence, and established the freedom of their country-May their country convince them that their services are not forgotten. 3 Cheers.
  7. The President and vice President of the United States-a speedy restoration of health to the Cabinet.
  8. Our Naval heroes. May their attention to their enemies, never induce them to forget their first and fastest friends. 3 Cheers.
  9. The memory of the gallant Capt. Lawrence. May the gratitude of the Government inscribe a monument to this name - when that of Washington shall be completed.
  10. Rapid promotion in our armies - May every General officer "unfit for service" imitate the example of General Dearborn, and find successor not "liable to relapse on the least agitation." 3 cheers.
  11. May Peace be restored to our country upon terms as honourable, as those upon which it might have been preserved.
  12. May success crown the patriotic efforts of Spain and Portugal, in resistance to the usurper.
  13. The deliverers of Continental Europe. May they prove the restorers of Liberty to France. 3 Cheers.
  14. The rights of Neutral Nations, to be best preserved by the impartial observance of their duties.
  15. The Friends of Peace and Commerce throughout the Union. May the minor distinctions of Party, never by impediments to their common efforts for the public good. 3 Cheers.
  16. The Union of the States. Never to be endangered, but by violating the conditions upon which it was effected - or by the creation of new States from foreign Territory. 6 Cheers.
  17. Our fair country women. Patriotic encouragers of the most profitable recruiting service. 9 Cheers.[11]

Oriole Mills at Rock City, 1809-1825

Johannes became the proprietor of a grist mill and a fulling mill on the Saw Kill stream near Rock City, Dutchess County, New York sometime between 1808 and 1810.[25] This area became part of Red Hook when it was separated from Rhinebeck in 1813. The Johannes Ring house and mills are both named in the original definition of Red Hook's southern boundary.[6] The mills are also labelled on the first Red Hook town map (1815).[9] Rhinebeck town records between 1811 and 1830 describe a road that ran directly from the church to the mills, following the present route of Stone Church Road and Oriole Mills Road. The mill site was apparently located on the north side of Oriole Mills Road east of Camp Rising Sun (see Google Maps). A nearby stretch of the Saw Kill has a series of waterfalls that supported the grist mill of Robert G. Livingston before 1769, and later powered a large mill complex with a fulling mill, a grist mill, and a saw mill.[22] Two of these mills were run by Johannes before 1825.

Johannes was surrounded by family at Oriole Mills. His oldest son George J. Ring lived on his nearby farm from about 1810 to 1819,[25] and his youngest son Henry Ring also had farm in that area between 1815 and 1819.[30] Things began to change in 1816, when Johannes' wife Barbara died of consumption.[2] Then George bought the Elmendorph Inn at Red Hook in 1819 and moved there to open a store. Henry lost his farm that same year in a sheriff's sale and died the following year.[30] By 1820, the only family members still living at Oriole Mills were Johannes and his second wife Gertrude Marquart.[26] They had married at the church of St. Peter the Apostle in 1817.

Johannes died of Palsy in 1825.[2] The will of John Ring was probated 23 August 1825, dividing his estate equally among the surviving children.[18]

The list of witnesses to the will may shed some light on Johannes' final years. Two of the witnesses are lawyers: Benjamin R. Kissam and T. A. Livingston. The first witness, Samuel Pindar, ran a woolens mill at Oriole Mills during the 1830s. He was later succeeded by Alfred Pindar who manufactured yarn there into the 1870s. Based on these circumstances, it would appear that Samuel Pindar started to take over the Oriole Mills between 1820 and 1825 as Johannes withdrew due to declining health.

  1. 1.0 1.1 James Cox. Translation from flyleaf at the end of German bible, Basle, 1720. (New York, ca. 1873-1891).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Kelly, Arthur C. M. Rhinebeck, New York, death records of the 18th and 19th centuries. (Kinship Books).
  3. A map of the town of Rhinebeck in the County of Dutchess : surveyed in December 1797 and January 1798.

    (Washington, DC: Library of Congress Geography and Map Division).

  4. Kelly, Arthur C. M. Rhinebeck road records, Dutchess County, NY, 1722-1857. (Kinship Books), 37.
  5. Hasbrouck, Frank. History of Dutchess County, New York. (Poughkeepsie, New York: S.A. Matthieu, 1909), 113.
  6. Laws of the state of New-York (New York: William Peter Van Ness and John Woodworth, 1813), Vol. 2, 52-53.

    running from...the bank of Hudson's river at the middle of the...Stein Vallitje, thence running along the line of division between the estates of general John Armstrong and Philip J. Schuyler, Esquire, to the south part of Schuyler's Vly, thence an easterly direction, leaving the house and mills of Johannes Ring, on the north, till it intersects the road leading from the town of Northeast to Rhinebeck flats.

  7. 7.0 7.1 Poughkeepsie Journal, May 23, 1787, 2; July 11, 1787, 2-3; July 27, 1787, 2; Aug. 22, 1792, 3; Aug. 29, 1792, 3; Apr 8, 1795, 2.
  8. Poughkeepsie Journal, Apr. 16, 1799, 3.

    AT a numerous and respectable meeting of the Farmers in the town of Rhinebeck, in the county of Dutchess, met at the house of Frederick Tator's in said town, by public notification, on Thursday, April 11, 1799, for the purpose of nominating a respectable character to represent them the ensuring year in Assembly. Whereas this meeting is of the opinion, that the practice of sending Lawyers and New Comers to transact public business is both expensive and improper, and whereas the greater part of this and every other county are composed of that description of citizens generally known by the appelation of Farmers. Therefore resolved, that this meeting will support as a member of Assembly at the ensuing elections, John Ring, a respectable and deserving farmer, and as such recommend him to the farmers of the county at large whose votes they wish, to carry his nomination into effect. Resolved, That the chairman and secretary, together with Jacob Schultz, David Shafer, John F. Schultz, Lewis Fraligh, John P. Lown, Frederick Tator, Frederick Cramer, jun., David Pultz and Henry Pultz, be a committee to correspond with other towns to support the above nomination.

  9. Map of the Town of Red Hook, 1815 (Bard College Archives, Stevenson Library, Bard College, Hudson River Valley Heritage).
  10. Public Papers of George Clinton, First Governor of New York, 1777-1795, 1801-1804 (Albany, NY: State of New York, 1900), 176-177.
  11. Poughkeepsie Journal (Poughkeepsie, NY), July 21, 1813, 2.
  12. Kelly, Arthur C. M. Baptismal records of St. Peter's Lutheran Church, Rhinebeck, New York (called Stone Church), 1733-1899. (Rhinebeck, New York: Kelly, 1968).
  13. New York. Comptroller's Office, and James Arthur Roberts. New York in the revolution as colony and state: these records were discovered, arranged and classified by James A. Roberts, comptroller, in 1897. (Albany, New York: Weed-Parsons Print. Co., 1897), 12-14, 250.
  14. Kelly, Arthur C. M. Rhinebeck Precinct accounts book, 1783-1788 : Rhinebeck, Dutchess County, NY. (Kinship Books), 3, 21, 26.
  15.   Buck, Clifford M. (Clifford Martin); Arthur C. M. Kelly; and William Willis Reese. Dutchess County, New York, tax lists, 1718-1787: with Rombout Precinct by William Willis Reese. (Kinship Books), 25.
  16. American Antiquarian Society and Tufts University Digital Collections and Archives. "New York 1799 Assembly, Dutchess County." 2010. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA.
  17.   Poughkeepsie Journal (Poughkeepsie, NY), Sept. 4, 1822, 4.
  18. New York. Surrogate's Court (Dutchess County). Will of John Ring,1825. (New York, Dutchess County Wills, 1751-1903, Will Books G-H, 1824-1832).
  19.   John Ring, in Find A Grave.
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 Nancy Todd, Neil Larson. "National Register of Historic Places Registration: The Grove." New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Available.
  21. Helen Wilkinson Reynolds. "Dutchess County Doorways and other Examples of Period Work in Wood, 1730-1830." (New York: William Farquhar Payson, 1931), 212-214.
  22. Carr, Clare O'Neill. A brief history of Red Hook : the living past of a Hudson Valley community. (New York).
  23.   Dutchess, New York, United States. 1790 U.S. Census Population Schedule.
  24.   Dutchess, New York, United States. 1800 U.S. Census Population Schedule.
  25. 25.0 25.1 Dutchess, New York, United States. 1810 U.S. Census Population Schedule, Census Place: Rhinebeck, Dutchess, New York; NARA series: M252; Roll: 30; Page: 294; Image: 0181384; Household of John Ring.

    Free white males – 16 thru 25: 2
    Free white males – 45 and over: 1
    Free white females – under 10: 2
    Free white females – 10 thru 15: 1
    Free white females – 16 thru 25: 2
    Free white females – 45 and over: 1
    Slaves: 2

  26. Dutchess, New York, United States. 1820 U.S. Census Population Schedule.
  27. Rhinebeck Gazette (Rhinebeck, N.Y.), May 7, 1874.
  28. McDermott, William P. (1998). "Knowing One's Place: Leadership and Status in Colonial Rhinebeck, Dutchess County." The Hudson Valley Regional Review 15(2): 61-87.
  29. Kelly, Nancy V. Rhinebeck's Historic Architecture (Charleston, S.C.: The History Press, 2009), 68.
  30. 30.0 30.1 Dutchess Observer (Poughkeepsie, N.Y.), Sept. 26, 1821, 4.