Person:Henry Rowley (2)

Henry Rowley
b.bef 1605
m. ABT 1624
  1. Sarah Rowley1625 - bef 1705
  2. Rebecca RowleyAbt 1631 -
  3. Moses Rowleyest 1632 - bet 1704
  • HHenry Rowleybef 1605 - bef 1670
  • WAnn Elsdon1583 -
m. 17 Oct 1633
Facts and Events
Name[1] Henry Rowley
Gender Male
Alt Birth[3] est 1598 Benington, Hertfordshire, England
Alt Birth[3] est 1598 Duxbury, Lancashire, England
Birth[1] bef 1605 Based on estimated date of first marriage.
Marriage ABT 1624 London, Englandto Sarah Ann Palmer
Immigration[1] 1632
Residence[1] 1632 Scituate, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States
Marriage 17 Oct 1633 Plymouth, Massachusetts, United Statesto Ann Elsdon
Alt Marriage 17 Oct 1633 Massachusetts, United Statesto Ann Elsdon
Other[1] 1 Jan 1634/35 Admitted freeman of Plymouth Colony.
Residence[1] 1640 Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States
Death[1] bef 29 May 1670 and Jul 1673 Falmouth, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States



The Great Migration Begins.
Source:Russell, 1908
Source:Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States. Records of the Colony of New Plymouth, in New England


There are, at the present time (December 2013) at least eight members of the Rowley YDNA project who share the same YDNA signature characteristic of the Pequea Creek Cowans. The Pequea Creek Cowans trace back to at least 1700 with confirmed lineages, while the Rowley lineages trace to about 1600. This suggests that if there is a common ancestor for the two lineages, that ancestor lies prior to at least 1700, and more likely prior to 1600.


There appears to be ample documentation underlying the notes given below for Henry Rowley of Plymouth Colony after his appearance there about 1632. That documentation, however, has not yet been thoroughly link to this article. Additional work is needed to document what we know of Henry. Documentation for him prior to 1632 does not seem to be readily available. The statement that he was one of the original Speedwell passengers needs to be substantiated, and may be questionable. There is also a conflict between alternative views of his place of birth, with some pointing to Duxbury township in Lancashire County, while others point to Benington, in Hereford County. Supporting documentation for his actual POB is needed.


Henry Rowley and Thomas Blossom emigrated in the Speedwell but it seemed unseaworthy. So it turned back leaving the Mayflower to proceed alone.

First found when taxed 9s. in the Plymouth Court Records on 24 Mar 1633, indicating he arrived at Plymouth in 1632. He was taxed 18s. the following year. By the following September (1634), when Rev. John Lathrop arrived in Scituate, Goodman Rowley already had a house. Henry became one of the first members of Lathrop’s church (on 8 Jan 1634/5 - the week after he was admitted as a freeman) and was known as “deacon.” On 1 January 1637/8 Henry Rowley was one of the freemen of Scituate who complained that their proportions of land were too small to subsist upon and with the others received upland, neck, and meadow between the North & South Rivers [4]

Henry and his wife Anne later accompanied Latrop to Barnstable in 1640. He was twice Barnstable constable in 1641, Deputy for Barnstable to General Court, 29 August 1643, surveyor of highways in 1646, 1647 and 1653. He appears in the Barnstable section of 1643 Plymouth list of men able to bear arms.

Henry eventually moved to West Barnstable with his step-son Peter Blossom and later to Falmouth. He last appears on a list of freeman on 28 May 1670, in the Barnstable section. The inventory of estate of "henery Rowley of Sacconesset" exhibited in Court, July 1673. Included in the estate was a debt of £29 to Jonathan Hatch, his son-in-law, for land sold to Henry. [5]

Henry was probably the son or grandson of Henricus Rowley of Bennington (1545-1605). This family had several members named Moyses (Moses), which was the name of Henry’s oldest son.[6]

President Ulysses L. Grant and Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill descend from this family.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Henry Rowley, in Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633. (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995), 3:1602-04.

    "ORIGIN: Unknown"
    "CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: "Goodman Rowly and his wife" were founding members of the Scituate church, 8 January 1634/5 [NEHGR 9:279].
    FREEMAN: Admitted 1 January 1634/5 [PCR 1:4, 32]. In the list of 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:53]. In the 1639 list of freemen, Henry Rowley appears under Scituate (lined out) and under Barnstable [PCR 8:175, 177]. In Barnstable section of 1658 and 29 May 1670 lists of freemen [PCR 5:277, 8:200]."
    "DEATH: Between 29 May 1670 [PCR 5:277] and July 1673 (presentation of inventory)."

  2.   Savage, James. A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England: Showing Three Generations of Those Who Came Before May, 1692, on the Basis of Farmer's Register. (Boston: Little, Brown, and Co, 1860-1862), 3:582.

    "HENRY, Plymouth 1631, perhaps came in the Charles, with Hatherly, was of Scituate 1634, with his w. partook in gather. of first ch. there, 8 Jan. 1635, and rem. to Barnstable with Lathrop 1639, m. 17 Oct. 1633, Ann, wid. of Thomas Blossom, prob. as his sec. w. for I suppose Sarah, wh. m. 11 Apr. 1646, Jonathan Hatch, was his d."

  3. 3.0 3.1 Need the basis for his POB, and resolution of whether it was in Lancashire or Hertfordshire.
  4. Plymouth Colony Records 1:72 Does this refer to Source:Shurtleff, 1855 (See Internet archive) or some other standard source?
  5. Great Migration
  6. “The Circumstantial Evidendence Leading to a Possible Solution to the “Palmer-Paddock Puzzle”,” The Colonial Genealogist, Vol XII, No. 1-2, The Augustan Society, 1984.