Person:Elizabeth Acome (1)

Watchers
  • HAlfred Lewis1837 - 1878
  • WElizabeth AcomeAbt 1838 - 1920
m. 17 Oct 1860
  • HArthur Woods1844 - 1915
  • WElizabeth AcomeAbt 1838 - 1920
m. 1883
Facts and Events
Name Elizabeth Acome
Gender Female
Birth[2] abt 1838 Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire, England
Census[1] 6 Jun 1841 Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire, England
Census[2] 30 Mar 1851 Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire, England
Marriage 17 Oct 1860 Little Brickhill, Buckinghamshire, Englandto Alfred Lewis
Census[3] 7 Apr 1861 Little Brickhill, Buckinghamshire, EnglandHigh Street
Census[4] 2 Apr 1871 Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire, EnglandKing's Head, 1 High Street
Census[5] 3 Apr 1881 Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire, EnglandHigh Street
Marriage 1883 Buckinghamshire, Englandto Arthur Woods
Census[6] 5 Apr 1891 Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire, EnglandHigh Street
Census[7] 31 Mar 1901 Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire, EnglandKing's Head, High Street
Census[8] 2 Apr 1911 Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire, EnglandKing's Head
Death[9] 1920 Buckinghamshire, England

Elizabeth Acome's origins are unclear; no birth or baptism record for her has been found. She seems to have been born around 1838, and she consistently gave her place of birth as Waddesdon in Buckinghamshire, where she seems to have been raised by a couple called James and Elizabeth Acome, although they were quite likely not her parents, but an uncle and aunt or perhaps her grandparents. Elizabeth appears in both the 1841 and 1851 censuses living at Waddesdon with James and Elizabeth.

By 1860 Elizabeth had left Waddesdon and moved about eighteen miles north to Stony Stratford, where she worked as a servant. On 17th October 1860 she married a shoemaker called Alfred Lewis at the nearby village of Little Brickhill. After their marriage they initially lived at Little Brickhill, appearing there in the 1861 census and having their first child there later that year.

Some time between 1861 and 1865 they moved from Little Brickhill to the neighbouring town of Fenny Stratford, where they took over the King's Head public house on the High Street. They had another six children born at Fenny Stratford between 1865 and 1878. The 1871 census finds the family living at the King's Head along with several boarders. Elizabeth was working as a dressmaker at this time.

Alfred died in 1878, aged 41, shortly after Elizabeth's youngest daughter had been born.

Few the next five years Elizabeth ran the King's Head on her own. In the 1881 census she described herself as an innkeeper. It was later reported that during this time she ran the King's Head "with great credit to herself" and "the manner in which it was conducted was all that could be desired".

In 1883, Elizabeth married again. Her second husband was a groom called Arthur Woods. Their marriage does not seem to have been particularly happy. He took over the running of the King's Head, which then became notorious for fighting and disturbances. In 1887 Elizabeth's son Albert and her husband Arthur had to be bound over to keep the peace towards each other, following a fight in which Albert had threatened to kill Arthur and Arthur had threatened to kill Elizabeth. Elizabeth said in court that she would like to have a separation from her husband, but this was not considered possible. The police at the time highlighted how different things had been at the King's Head before Elizabeth's second marriage.

The 1891 census finds Elizabeth, Arthur and some of their children living together, including Elizabeth's son Albert who had been involved in the fight with his stepfather. It would appear that Elizabeth and Arthur did eventually separate. Arthur has not been found in the 1901 census, when Elizabeth was living at the King's Head, which by that time was being run by her daughter and son-in-law. Arthur appears in the 1911 census at Kempston, near Bedford (he was from Bedford) describing himself as a widower, whilst Elizabeth was still with her daughter and son in law at the King's Head. Arthur died in 1915.

Elizabeth died in 1920, aged about 81.

References
  1. England. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA): 1841 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class HO107; Piece 39; Book 15; Folio 11; Page 17, 6 Jun 1841.

    Address: Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire
    James Acome, male, 52 [1788/9], Ag[ricultural] Lab[ourer], born in county
    Elizabeth Acome, female, 55 [1781-6], born in county
    Elizabeth Acome, female, 2 [1838/9], born in county
    James Clark, male, 24 [1816/17], Ag[ricultural] Lab[ourer], born in county

  2. 2.0 2.1 General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). England and Wales. 1851 Census Schedules. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class HO107; Piece 1721; Folio 698; Page 26, 30 Mar 1851.

    Address: Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire
    James Acome, head, married, male, 63 [1787/8], Labourer Ag[ricultural], b. Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire
    Eliz[abe]th Acome, wife, married, female, 66 [1784/5], b. Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire
    Sarah Acombe, daughter, unmarried, female, 30 [1820/1], b. Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire
    Eliz[abe]th Acome, niece, female, 12 [1838/9], Scholar, b. Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire

  3. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1861 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG9; Piece 871; Folio 61; Page 9, 7 Apr 1861.

    Address: High Street, Little Brickhill, Buckinghamshire
    Alfred Lewis, head, married, male, 24 [1836/7], Boot Maker, b. L[ittle] Brickhill, Buckinghamshire
    Elizabeth Lewis, wife, married, female, 22 [1838/9], b. Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire

  4. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). England and Wales. 1871 Census Schedules. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG10; Piece 1418; Folio 101; Page 1, 2 Apr 1871.

    Address: King's Head, 1 High Street, Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Alfred Lewis, head, married, male, 31 [1839/40], Publican, b. Crawley, Bedfordshire
    Elizabeth Lewis, wife, married, female, 31 [1839/40], Dressmaker, b. Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire
    Anne E. Lewis, daughter, female, 9 [1861/2], Scholar, b. L[ittle] Brickhill, Buckinghamshire
    Alfred A.E. Lewis, son, male, 5 [1865/6], Scholar, b. F. Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Violet F. Lewis, daughter, female, 2 [1868/9], b. F. Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Mildred Lewis, daughter, 7 months [1870], b. F. Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Henry Robinson, boarder, unmarried, male, 40 [1830/1], Cord Waner, b. Summertown, Oxfordshire
    Benjamin Emmans, boarder, unmarried, male, 56 [1814/15], Labourer, b. Aspley Guise, Bedfordshire
    James Richardson, boarder, married, male, 36 [1834/5], Brickmaker, b. Wadhurst, Sussex
    Ann Richardson, boarder, married, female, 40 [1830/1], Ribon weaver, b. Coventry, Warwickshire
    Elizabeth E. Richardson, boarder, female, 8 [1862/3], b. Coventry, Warwickshire
    Ephraim Ashley, boarder, unmarried, male, 44 [1826/7], Warehouseman, b. Coventry, Warwickshire
    Henry Harris, boarder, unmarried, male, 22 [1848/9], Chimney sweep, b. Leighton, Bedfordshire

  5. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1881 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands: . (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG11; Piece 1480; Folio 44; Page 15, 3 Apr 1881.

    Address: High Street, Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Eliz[abe]th Lewis, head, widow, female, 43 [1837/8], Inn Keeper, b. Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire
    Albert Lewis, son, male, 14 [1866/7], Keeps Cows & farm work, b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Mildred Lewis, daughter, female, 9 [1871/2], Scholar, b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Beatrice Lewis, daughter, female, 7 [1873/4], Scholar, b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    James Lewis, son, male, 5 [1875/6], Scholar, b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Septima Lewis, daughter, female, 2 [1878/9], b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire

  6. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1891 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG12; Piece 1150; Folio 73; Page 21, 5 Apr 1891.

    Address: High Street, Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Arthur Woods, head, married, male, 51 [1839/40], Groom, employed, b. Bedford
    Eliz[abe]th Woods, wife, married, female, 53 [1837/8], b. Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire
    Ellen Woods, daughter, female, 12 [1878/9], b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Albert Lewis, son, single, male, 24 [1866/7], Farmer, neither employer nor employed, b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    James Sear, lodger, single, male, 28 [1862/3], Agricultural labourer, employed, b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Geo[rge] Hammond, lodger, single, male, 33 [1857/8], Agricultural labourer, employed, b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Robert Smith, lodger, single, male, 34 [1856/7], Agricultural labourer, employed, b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Robert Thurston, lodger, single, male, 57 [1833/4], Blacksmith, employed, b. Norwich, Norfolk

  7. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). England and Wales. 1901 Census Schedules: also for the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG13; Piece 1360; Folio 20; Page 7, 31 Mar 1901.

    Address: Kings Head, High Street, Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Walter French, head, married, male, 35 [1865/6], Dealer & Publican, b. Stony Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Beatrice French, wife, married, female, 23 [1877/8], b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Nellie French, daughter, female, 6 months [1900], b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Elizabeth Woods, mother in law, married, female, 62 [1838/9], b. Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire
    Albert Lewis, brother in law, single, male, 32 [1868/9], b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    John Hammond, lodger, single, male, 56 [1844/5], General Labourer, worker, b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire

  8. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1911 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG14; Piece 7979; Schedule 82, 2 Apr 1911.

    Address: King's Head, Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    8 rooms occupied
    Walter French, head, male, 43 [1867/8], married 11 years, 6 children born to marriage, 6 children still living, Publican, own account, b. Stony Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Beatrice French, wife, female, 36 [1874/5], married, b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Nellie French, daughter, female, 10 [1900/1], b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Ethel French, daughter, female, 9 [1901/2], b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Alfred French, son, male, 8 [1902/3], Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    George French, son, male, 6 [1904/5], Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Harry French, son, male, 3 [1907/8], b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Walter French, son, male, 1 [1909/10], b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    Albert Lewis, boarder, male, 45 [1865/6], single, Sewerage Attendant - Urban Councill [sic], worker, b. Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire
    William Stevens, boarder, male, 71 [1839/40], widower, Labourer Farm, worker, b. Little Brickhill, Buckinghamshire
    Elizabeth Woods, mother in law, female, 72 [1838/9], married, b. Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire

  9. Deaths index, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office).

    d. Elizabeth WOODS, March Quarter 1920, Newport Pagnell Registration District, Volume 3a, page 1113, aged 81 [1838/9]

  10.   Croydon's Weekly Standard, in United Kingdom. The British Newspaper Archive
    Page 3, 3 Sep 1887.

    NEWPORT PAGNELL
    PETTY SESSIONS
    WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 31.
    Albert Lewis, of Fenny Stratford, was charged with using threatening language towards his step-father, Arthur Woods, on Sunday, the 29th of August, and also with threatening to do him bodily harm, and was bound over to keep the peace, himself in one surety of £10.
    Arthur Woods, of the King's Head Inn, Fenny Stratford, was then charged with threatening to kill his wife (formerly Mrs. Lewis, and mother of the last defendant), at the same time and place, and was bound over in the sum of £10 to keep the peace for six calendar months.
    Superintendent Hall said that Mrs. Lewis kept the house, the King's Head Inn, for years in her widowhood with great credit to herself, and was it not for Woods she would do so now, but a more foul-mouthed man he had never heard. In consequence of his conduct and the disturbances which were taking place almost every Sunday afternoon on account of Wood's behaviour, had caused him to withhold the license, and to ask if the Bench considered him a fit and proper person to keep a public-house. If every publican acted as he had done, they would want ten times as many men in the police force.
    The renewal of the license of the King's Head Inn was then considered, and ultimately the Bench granted the application, Mr. Levi adding a word of caution to Woods as to his future conduct, and hoped he would try to set a better example, or his license would not be granted another year.

  11.   Leighton Buzzard Observer and Linslade Gazette, in United Kingdom. The British Newspaper Archive
    Page 8, 6 Sep 1887.

    THREATS.-Arthur Woods, of the King's Head Inn, Fenny Stratford, made an application for his step-son, Albert Lewis to be bound over to keep the peace, he having threatened to kill the applicant on August 28.-Mr. S. Smith (Fenny Stratford) appeared for Woods.-Elizabeth Woods made a similar application against her husband (the previous complainant), Arthur Woods. She would prefer a separation, but being told this was not possible, asked that her husband might be bound over to keep the peace.-Supt. Hall said that when Mrs. Woods kept the public-house herself, before her second marriage, the manner in which it was conducted was all that could be desired, but now there were continual disturbances and rows.-Albert Lewis and Arthur Woods were both bound over to keep the peace for six months, in their own recognisances of £10 each.-Supt. Hall asked that the licence of the house might be stopped on account of the continual disturbances. The man, when he had beer, did not seem to know what he was about, used very bad language, and was not at all a fit person to be landlord of a public-house, especially in view of the occurrences for which he was bound over. It was only out of consideration for his wife, who used to keep the house respectably, that complaints had not been made before.-Mr. Smith said that Woods had promised faithfully to conduct the house properly in future. There was no other complaint against him.-The licence was granted, the Bench giving Woods a severe caution.