Person:Edward de Vere (1)

Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford
d.24 Jun 1604
m. 1 Aug 1548
  1. Mary de Vere - abt 1624
  2. Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford1550 - 1604
  • HEdward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford1550 - 1604
  • WAnne Cecil1556 - 1588
  1. Elizabeth de Vere1575 - 1627
  2. Bridget de Vere1584 - bet 1630
  3. Susan de Vere1587 - 1628/29
  • HEdward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford1550 - 1604
  • WElizabeth Trenthamabt 1562/3 - abt 1612
  1. Henry de Vere, 18th Earl of Oxford1593 - 1625
Facts and Events
Name Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford
Gender Male
Birth[1] 12 Apr 1550 Castle Hedingham, Essex, England
Death[1] 24 Jun 1604
Reference Number? Q374210?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford (12 April 155024 June 1604), was an English peer and courtier of the Elizabethan era. Oxford was heir to the second oldest earldom in the kingdom, a court favourite for a time, a sought-after patron of the arts, and noted by his contemporaries as a lyric poet and playwright, but his reckless and volatile temperament precluded him from attaining any courtly or governmental responsibility and contributed to the dissipation of his estate. Since the 1920s he has been the most popular alternative candidate proposed for the authorship of Shakespeare's works.

Oxford was the only son of John de Vere, 16th Earl of Oxford, and Margery Golding. After the death of his father in 1562, he became a ward of Queen Elizabeth and was sent to live in the household of her principal advisor, Sir William Cecil. He married Cecil's daughter, Anne, with whom he had five children. Oxford was estranged from her for five years after he refused to acknowledge her first child as his.

Oxford was a champion jouster and travelled widely throughout Italy and France. He was among the first to compose love poetry at the Elizabethan court, and he was praised as a playwright, although none of his plays survive. A stream of dedications praised Oxford for his generous patronage of literary, religious, musical, and medical works,[1] and he patronised both adult and boy acting companies, as well as musicians, tumblers, acrobats and performing animals.

He fell out of favour with the Queen in the early 1580s and was exiled from court after impregnating one of her maids of honour, Anne Vavasour, which instigated violent street brawls between Oxford's retainers and her uncle's. Oxford was reconciled to the Queen in 1583, but all opportunities for advancement had been lost. In 1586 the Queen granted Oxford a £1,000 annuity to relieve his financial distress caused by his extravagance and selling off his income-producing lands for ready money. After his wife's death he married Elizabeth Trentham, one of the Queen's maids of honour, with whom he got an heir, Henry de Vere. He died in 1604, having lost the entirety of his inherited estates.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Edward d Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.