Person:Edward Cornwallis (1)

Lt. Gen. Edward Cornwallis
b.5 Mar 1713
d.14 Jan 1776
Facts and Events
Name Lt. Gen. Edward Cornwallis
Gender Male
Birth[1] 5 Mar 1713
Death[1] 14 Jan 1776
Reference Number? Q3048487?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Edward Cornwallis ( – 14 January 1776)[1] was a British career military officer and was a member of the aristocratic Cornwallis family, who reached the rank of Lieutenant General. After Cornwallis fought in Scotland, putting down the Jacobite rebellion of 1745, he was appointed Groom of the Chamber for King George II (a position he held for the next 17 years). He was then made Governor of Nova Scotia (1749–1752), one of the colonies in North America, and assigned to establish the new town of Halifax, Nova Scotia. Later Cornwallis returned to London, where he was elected as MP for Westminster and married the niece of Robert Walpole, Great Britain's first Prime Minister. Cornwallis was next appointed as Governor of Gibraltar.

Cornwallis arrived in Nova Scotia during a period of conflict with the local indigenous Miꞌkmaq peoples of peninsular Nova Scotia. The Mi'kmaq opposed the founding of Halifax and conducted war raids on the colony. Cornwallis responded with the extirpation proclamation of 1749, orders to bring back scalps of those he considered to be rebels. His administration erected forts at Grand Pre, Chignecto and Halifax and organized a militia of 840 men. Despite these efforts, the conflict would continue for several years after Cornwallis was recalled to England.

Despite the war footing, Cornwallis' administration would establish the Nova Scotian government, consisting of an Executive and Legislative Council, governed by the first constitution in a Canadian colony. It instituted the first British law courts in Canada; established a public school for orphans; and respected religious diversity through separation of church and state. It recruited European immigrants to Halifax, establishing the first Jewish community, the first ethnic German community, made up of Protestants from Germany and Switzerland, and the first Protestant dissenting congregation in a Canadian colony.

Cornwallis is commemorated in Nova Scotia in the naming of its rivers, parks, streets, towns, and buildings. Such historic commemoration of Cornwallis has become controversial because of the extirpation proclamation.[2] In Halifax, there have been protests at a statue of Cornwallis in a downtown park, leading to its removal. A Halifax church and junior high school have removed Cornwallis's name, and a street named for Cornwallis is to be renamed. The Halifax city government has struck a committee to discuss how Cornwallis should be commemorated.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Edward Cornwallis, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.