Person:Benedict Arnold (9)

     
General Benedict Arnold
d.14 Jun 1801 London, England
m. 8 Nov 1733
  1. General Benedict Arnold1740/41 - 1801
  2. Hannah Arnold1742 - 1803
  3. Mary Arnold1745 -
  4. Absolom King Arnold1747 -
  5. Elizabeth Arnold1749 -
  6. Absolom Arnold1750 -
  7. Mary Arnold1753 -
  8. Elizabeth Arnold1755 -
m. 11 Feb 1767
  1. Benedict Arnold1768 -
  2. Richard Arnold1769 - 1847
  3. Henry Arnold1772 - 1825
m. 8 Apr 1779
  1. Edward Shippen Arnold1780 - 1813
  2. James Robertson Arnold1781 -
  3. George Arnold1787 - 1828
  4. William Fitch Arnold1795 - 1846
Facts and Events
Name[1] General Benedict Arnold
Gender Male
Birth[1][2] 3 Jan 1740/41 Norwich, New London, Connecticut, United States
Marriage 11 Feb 1767 New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut, United StatesSecond Congregational Society
to Margaret Mansfield
Marriage 8 Apr 1779 Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United Statesto Margaret Shippen
Death[1] 14 Jun 1801 London, England
Burial[3] Battersea St. Mary, London, England
Reference Number? Q298237?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Benedict Arnold ([1]June 14, 1801) was an American military officer who served as a general during the American Revolutionary War, fighting for the American Continental Army before defecting to the British in 1780. George Washington had given him his fullest trust and placed him in command of the fortifications at West Point, New York. Arnold planned to surrender the fort to British forces, but the plot was discovered in September 1780 and he fled to the British. His name quickly became a byword in the United States for treason and betrayal because he led the British army in battle against the very men whom he had once commanded.

Arnold was born in the Connecticut Colony and was a merchant operating ships on the Atlantic Ocean when the war began in 1775. He joined the growing army outside Boston and distinguished himself through acts of intelligence and bravery. His actions included the Capture of Fort Ticonderoga in 1775, defensive and delaying tactics at the Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain in 1776 which allowed American forces time to prepare New York's defenses, the Battle of Ridgefield, Connecticut (after which he was promoted to major general), operations in relief of the Siege of Fort Stanwix, and key actions during the pivotal Battles of Saratoga in 1777, in which he suffered leg injuries that halted his combat career for several years.

Arnold repeatedly claimed that he was passed over for promotion by the Continental Congress, while other officers obtained credit for some of his accomplishments. Others in his military and political circles brought charges against him of corruption or other malfeasance, but most often he was acquitted in formal inquiries. Congress investigated his accounts, however, and concluded that he was indebted to Congress, and he borrowed heavily to maintain a lavish lifestyle.

Arnold mingled with Loyalist sympathizers in Philadelphia and married into one such family by marrying Peggy Shippen. She was a close friend of British Major John André and kept in contact with him when he became head of the British espionage system in New York. Many historians point to her as facilitating Arnold's plans to switch sides; he opened secret negotiations with André, and Peggy relayed the messages. The British promised £20,000 for the capture of West Point, a major American stronghold; Washington greatly admired Arnold and gave him command of that fort in July 1780. His scheme was to surrender the fort to the British, but it was exposed in September 1780 when Patriot militia captured André carrying papers which revealed the plot. Arnold escaped and André was hanged.

Arnold received a commission as a brigadier general in the British Army, an annual pension of £360, and a lump sum of over £6,000.[2] He led British forces on raids in Virginia, and they burned much of New London, Connecticut to the ground and slaughtered surrendering forces after the Battle of Groton Heights—just a few miles downriver from the town where he had grown up. In the winter of 1782, he and Peggy moved to London, England. He was well received by King George III and the Tories but frowned upon by the Whigs and most Army officers. In 1787, he moved to Canada to a merchant business with his sons Richard and Henry. He was extremely unpopular there and returned to London permanently in 1791.


Other Profiles

The Maine (Bangor) Historical Magazine has a short article compiling various Maine perspectives on Benedict Arnold.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Benedict Arnold. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Benedict Arnold, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. Norwich, New London, Connecticut, United States. Vital Records of Norwich, 1659-1848. (Hartford, Conn.: Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Connecticut, 1913)
    1:153.

    "2nd Bededick, ye Son of Benedick Arnold & his wife Hannah was born January 3d. 1740/41"

  3. Benedict Arnold, in Find A Grave.
  4.   Mackenzie, George Norbury, and Nelson Osgood Rhoades. Colonial families of the United States of America: in which is given the history, genealogy and armorial bearings of colonial families who settled in the American colonies from the time of the settlement of Jamestown, 13th May, 1607, to the battle of Lexington, 19th April, 1775. (New York, Boston: The Grafton Press, 1907)
    Vol. 7.
  5.   Whitman, Roscoe L. (Roscoe Leighton). History and genealogy of the ancestors and some descendants of Stukely Westcott: one of the thirteen original proprietors of Providence Plantation and the colony of Rhode Island with especial mention of the Westcotts of Cheshire, Berkshire County, Massachusetts, and the Westcotts of Milford, Otsego County, New York and some of the allied families. (Oneonta, New York: Otsego Publishing Co., 1932).