Person:Barber Nichols (1)

Facts and Events
Name[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12] Barber Nichols
Gender Male
Alt Birth[12] 1785 Rhode Island, United States
Alt Birth[11] 1785 Scotlandtext says "probably"
Alt Birth[17] Abt 1785
Alt Birth[1] Abt 1785 Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Alt Birth[4] 1787 Rhode Island, United States
Birth[5] Abt 1788 Coventry, Kent, Rhode Island, United States
Alt Birth[3] 1788 Rhode Island, United States
Alt Birth[16] Canada
Alt Birth[9] Maine, United Statesthis is most likely wrong
Alt Birth[10] Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Military[1][7][10][11] Abt 1812 Served in the war of 1812, rank of private Military
Occupation[5] 1812 Lisbon, St. Lawrence, New York, United Statestanner
Residence[5] 1812 Lisbon, St. Lawrence, New York, United States
Military[18][15] Bet 30 Jun 1812 and 2 Aug 1812 private; served in Captain Thomas Baldwin's company of the NY militia under Colonel Thomas Benedict
Military[5][6] 1 Jul 1812 Lisbon, St. Lawrence, New York, United Statesfor the term of unknown and continued in actual service in said war for the term of (6) about twenty days
Military[6] Bet 1 Jul 1812 and 1 Aug 1812 private in the Thomas Baldwin's NY militia
Other[5] Bet 1 Jul 1812 and 1 Aug 1812 private in the company commanded by Captain Baldwin , in the ----------regiment of the New York Militia commanded by Colonel Benedict Military
Military[5][6] 1 Aug 1812 Ogdensburg, St. Lawrence, New York, United StatesHonorably discharged
Physical Description[5] 1812 Lisbon, St. Lawrence, New York, United States5'5", blue eyes, brown hair, light complexion
Residence[7] Aft 1812 Bayham, Elgin, Ontario, CanadaBefore Lockport, NY
Residence[5] Aft 1812 London, Middlesex, Ontario, CanadaBefore Lockport, NY
Residence[5] Aft 1812 Orangeville, Wyoming, New York, United StatesBefore moving to Whitby
Residence[5] Aft 1812 Whitby, Durham, Ontario, CanadaBefore London, Ontario
Residence[2] 1820 Genesee, New York, USA
Residence[1] Bef 1824 Genesee, New York, USAHolland Patent. Before moving to Whitby
Residence[1] Bef 1824 Hawksburg, Quebec, CanadaBefore moving to Lisbon, NY
Residence[1] Bef 1824 Lisbon, St Lawrence, New York, USABefore moving to Holland Patent, Gennessee, New York
Residence[1] Bef 1824 Whitby, Ontario, Canada
Marriage Hawksburgh, Québec, Canadato Mary Thomas
Other[1] Bef 1827 Whitby, Durham, Ontario, CanadaTwo children died before Barber's marriage to Lucy Parshall Fact 1
Alt Marriage Abt 1827 Whitby, Ontario, CanadaOfficiated by Peter McDaniel, Esq.
to Lucy Parshall
Residence[1] Aft 1827 Lockport, Niagara, New York, United Statesstayed there until death in 1885
Other[1] Aft 1827 Barber and Lucy had 5 girls and 2 boys Fact 1
Residence[8] 1830 Pickering, Ontario, Canada
Marriage 4 Apr 1830 Whitby, Ontario, Canadato Lucy Parshall
Residence[8] Bef Jun 1830 Whitby, Ontario, Canada
Alt Marriage 1830 Whitby, Ontario, Canadato Lucy Parshall
Alt Marriage Abt Apr 1830 Whitby, Ontario, Canadato Lucy Parshall
Alt Marriage 8 Apr 1830 Whitby, Ontario, Canadaby Peter McDaniel, JP
to Lucy Parshall
Residence[8] Aft 1830 Whitby, Ontario, Canadamoved back to Whitby after living in Pickering
Occupation[10] Bef 1847 Ontario, Canadaprosperous tradesman
Residence[3][4][5][15][17] 1853-bef 15 Jan 1885 Lockport, Niagara, New York, United StatesStarted living in Lockport more than 20 years before 1878
Occupation[9] Tanner
Death[1][14][7][15] 14 Jan 1885 Lockport, Niagara, New York, United StatesCause: illness of only a few hours
Alt Death[19] Bef 16 Jan 1885 Lockport, Niagara, New York, United States
Burial[20] Aft 14 Jan 1885 Cold Springs Cemetery, Lockport, Niagara, New York, United States
Alt Death[11][12] Feb 1885 Lockport, Niagara, New York, United States

Barber Nichols about 1788 in either Coventry or Providence, Rhode Island. Nothing is known about his parents or siblings. By 1812 he lived in Lisbon, New York, where he was a tanner. He served in Thomas Baldwin's NY militia for a month in the War of 1812. In 1820 he was living in Genesee County, New York. By 1826 he was living in Ontario, in Pickering, then Whitby, then Bayham. By 1853 he had moved back to the US, settling in Lockport, New York, where he died in 1885.

References
  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 Iowa, Fayette
    http://www.studiolarz.com/genes/nichols/5merritdec.html.

    State of Iowa In the matter of the Fayette County application of Lucy Nichols for Widow's Pension Merritt Nichols of said county and state being first duly sworn deposes and says, that he is a son of Barber and Mary Nichols whose maiden name was Mary Thomas. That my mother Mary Nichols died about October 1824 at the town of Whitby Canada West. My mother never had been married pervious to her marriage to my father Barber Nichols. My parents were married in the town of Hawksburgh Canada East about ninety miles north of Montreal. This deponent was born June 28th 1817 in the town of Orangville Gennessee County (now Wyoming) N.Y. About three years after the death of my mother Mary Nichols my father Barber Nichols married Lucy Parshall. I think it was a short time before I was fourteen years of age. They were married at Whitby Canada West. I was present on the place at the time of the marriage but do not now remember that I witnessed the ceremony. The person who officiated at the marriage was Peter McDaniel Esq. Long since dead. The children of Barber and Mary Nichols were thirteen in number six boys and seven girls and at the time of the marriage of my father Barber Nichols to Lucy Parshall there was eleven of said children living and they were all at home but three. After the marriage of my father with Lucy Parshall the children of the first marriage were taken care of by may father & step mother Lucy Nichols the applicant herein for pension, until they were grown and left home. There were seven children five girls and two boys born as the result of the second marriage of my father Barber Nichols to Lucy Parshall. My father Barber Nichols died the fourteenth day of January 1885 at Lockport N.Y. he was about one hundred years of age at the time of his death. My father was born at Providence Rhode Island - he went to Hawksburgh Canada East when he was married to my mother Mary Nichols formerly Mary Thomas, he moved from there to Lisbon, N.Y. and from thence to what was known as Holand Patent Gennessee County N.Y., and moved from thence to Whitby Canada West where my mother died and when he married as his second wife Lucy Parshall afterwards removing to Lockport N.Y. where he resided until his death. Deponent further states that my step mother Lucy Nichols after the death of my father Barber Nichols removed from Lockport N.Y. to Blue Earth City Minnesota and is now living with her daughter Mrs. George B. Kingsley and where I paid her a visit in the month of June last past. That she is the identical person she represents herself to be the wife of Barber Nichols who was a soldier and pensioner of the War of 1812. This deponent would further state that at the time of the marriage referred to there was quite a company at the wedding. I remembered among the number were Henry Crawford and wife David Safford and wife Lewis Ketcham & wife Lawrence Haden & wife and David Reed. I know of none of the persons mentioned who are now living except it be David Reed who purchased the place of my father Barber Nichols on which the marriage referred to took place. I have no interest in the prosecution of this claim of Pension. In presence of E. A. Ainsworth Merritt Nichols D. W. Clements Merritt Nichols Subscribed in my presence and in the presence of E.A. Ainsworth and D. W. Clements and sworn to before me this 11th day of August 1885 and I certify that I am well acquainted with said Merritt Nichols and with the subsidiary witnesses hereto and know them to be persons of truth and voracity and that the statements made in the foregoing affidavit by the said Nichols is entitled to full credit Mr. E. Falles Notary Public in and for Fayette County Iowa

  2. 2.0 2.1 Genesee, New York, United States. 1820 U.S. Census Population Schedule
    Database online. Orangeville, Genesee, New York, roll M33_72, page 204, image 112.

    Record for Barber Nichols

  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Niagara, New York, United States. 1880 U.S. Census Population Schedule
    Database online. Lockport, Niagara, New York, ED 197, roll T9_901, page 467.3000, image 0515.

    Record for Barker Nichols

  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Niagara, New York, United States. 1870 U.S. Census Population Schedule
    Database online. Lockport Ward 1, Niagara, New York, post office , roll 1054, page 154, image 310.

    Record for Barbara Nichols

  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 New York, War of 1812 - Claim of Soldier for Service Pension
    WAR OF 1812 Claim of Soldier for Service Pension, under Provisions of Sections 4736 to 4740, Inclusive, Revised Statutes and the Act of March 9, 1878 Document date: 3/16/1878 http://www.studiolarz.com/genes/nichols/12app1878.html.

    WAR OF 1812 Claim of Soldier for Service Pension, under Provisions of Sections 4736 to 4740, Inclusive, Revised Statutes and the Act of March 9, 1878 State of New York County of Niagra On this 16th day of March, A.D. one thousand eight hundred and seventy-eight personally appeared before me, Deputy Clerk of Supreme and County Courts, the same being a Court of Record with in and for the county and state aforesaid (1) Barber Nichols aged 89 years, a resident of Lockport City, in the County of Niagra, in the State of New York, who, being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is the identical (2) Barber Nichols, who served under the name of (3) Barber Nichols as a (4) private in the company commanded by Captain Baldwin, in the ----------regiment of the New York Militia commanded by Colonel Benedict in the war of 1812; that he (5) was drafted at Lisbon, St. Lawrence County on or about the 1st day of July A.D. 1812 for the term of unknown and continued in actual service in said war for the term of (6) about twenty days, and was honorably discharged at Ogdensburgh St. Lawrence Co. NY on the 1st day of August or about that day, A.D. 1812. That since his discharge from said service he has resided as follows, viz.(7): Lisbon, St. Lawrence Co. NY, Orangeville, Gennessee Co., NY, Whitby in Upper Canada, London Dist Upper Canada and Lockport City by where he now lives and has residence over twenty years. The following was his description at the time of his enlistment, viz. (8) of draft age about 24 years a tanner by occupation, born at Coventry Rhode Island. About 5 feet five inches high, blue eyes, brown hair & light complexion. He makes this declaration for the purpose of obtaining the pension to which he may be entitled under the provisions of Section 4736 to 4740 inclusive Revised Statutes and the Act of March 9, 1878, and hereby constitutes and appoints, with full powers of substitution and revocation James F. Baldwin of Lockport City NY, his true and lawful attorney, to prosecute his claim. He also declares that he has heretofore made an application for (9) Land Bounty and received a land warrant which he [learns?] by said agent's papers was no. 2,080 for 120 acres dated May 17, 1855 under act of congress dated in year 1855. And that his residence is No. 83 New Main Street, city of Lockport, county of Niagra, State of New York, and that his post-office address is Lockport City, N.Y. Attest: T. R. Sticker S. G. White Barber Nichols (Claimants Signature) N.B. - All the blank spaces in this form must be carefully fulled up in accordance with the instructions on the back hereof; and from the best information possessed, or obtainable, by the applicant. [page 2] Also personally appeared [A..ira] G. White, aged 73 years, residing at No. 49 New Main Street, in Lockport City N.Y. and T. R. Sticker, aged 67 years, residing at New Main St. in Lockport City N.Y. persons whom I certify to be respectable and entitled to credit, and who, being by me duly sworn, say that they have known the said Barber Nichols for 20 years and for 15 years respectively; that they were present and saw him sign his name (or make his mark) to the foregoing declaration; that they have every reason to believe, from the appearance of said claimant and their acquaintance with him, that he is the identical person he represents to be; and they further say that they are able to identify him as the identical person who rendered the service alleged in the above application (in the company of Captain Baldwin) in the regiment of New York Militia of Col. Benedictin the War of 1812) by the following named facts and circumstances, viz. (10) his statements and from having seen the number, description and date of his served [??] on the papers of J.F. Baldwin who otherwise is as they learn and have no interest in the prosecution of this claim. T.R. Sticker A. G. White SWORN TO and subscribed before me this 16th day of March A.D. 1878 and I hereby certify that the contents of the above declaration, &c., were fully made known and explained to the applicant and witnesses before swearing, including the words --------------------------, erased, and the words ------------- added; and that I have no interest, direct or indirect in the prosecution of this claim. J. Byrow Lovell (Official character) Dept. Clerk [????] NOTES 1. Here allege full name of the claimant. 2. Here allege full name of the claimant again. 3. Here allege the exact name under which the service was rendered. 4. Here allege the rank under which the service was rendered. 5. Here state "enlisted", "volunteered", or "was drafted", as case may be. 6. Here state the number of days or months of service by claimant; fourteen days being the shortest period for which service pension is by law allowed, unless the soldier was actually engaged in battle. If claim is made on account of battle service such service should be alleged in addition to allegation of term service. 7. Here state all the places of residence; if in a city, giving the street and number; and from and to what dates he resided at each place. 8. Here let a full description follow, giving age, occupation, birth place, height, color of hair, eyes, and complexion and any other particulars of description. 9. If any application for bounty land or pension has previously been made, state the fact here giving the date, and number if possible, and the act of Congress under which the claim was made; and designating whether it was a claim for bounty land or pension, and whether a warrant for the land or certificate of Pension was ever issued. 10. Here name all the facts and circumstances which enable the witnesses to swear that they know the applicant to be the identical person who rendered the service alleged. If the applicant was a registered regimental or staff officer, or served in the Navy, the declaration must be varied according to the facts of the case. If the claimant was discharged in consequence of disability incurred in the service, or if he was in captivity with the enemy, he must vary his declaration so as to set forth the facts of the case. All services rendered by the soldier in the war for which the claim is made, or any other war, with the names of the officers in each service, must be given in the application. Application for SERVICE PENSION War of 1812 For Barber Nichols, Priv of Capt. Baldwin's N.Y. Mil. No. [D.....?] [91N6??] Filed By J.F. Baldwin, Atty of Lockport, N.Y.

  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Service Pension Claim
    Survivor's brief 3/20/1878 http://www.studiolarz.com/genes/nichols/11survivorsbrief.html.

    Claim No. 3075 SERVICE PENSION, Original Case Act of March 9, 1878 WAR OF 1812 Reopened from Cert. No. 22172 SURVIVOR'S BRIEF Claimant: Barber Nichols Rank: Private Post Office: Lockport City Captain: Baldwin County: Niagra Regiment: Militia State: New York State: New York Attorney: James F. Baldwin P.O. Lockport City County: Niagra State: New York Fee: $10 [??] Contract: Filed Application filed March 20th, 1878 Alleged Service: Was drafted at Lisbon, St. Lawrence Co. New York, July 1st 1812, continued in service for about 20 days and was honorably discharged at Ogdenburgh St. Lawrence Co. N.Y. about August 1st, 1812. Record evidence of service: [There is] Audtior N.Y. [Treas?] Dept. reports; "Served in Capt. Thos. Baldwin's Co. N.Y. Mil. from June 3rd to August 2nd 1812. Bounty Land Warrant W" 172116, Oct 7, 1853 40 acres Bounty Land Warrant W" 7238, May 17, 1855 120 acres Length of Service: 34 days Proof of Identity: The testimony of two witnesses who have known him for 20 & 15 years respectively. The correspondence between the declarations for pension and Bounty Land as to signature, residence, etc. Proof of Loyalty: [blank] Admitted: May 10th 1878 to a pension of EIGHT DOLLARS per month from March 9, 1878, the date of the passage of the act under which this pension is allowed. No pension previously applied for W.F. Eaton Pension Searcher A Bounty Land Claim 2080-120-55 [no signature] Bounty Land Searcher Approved May 20, 1878 Paul Brodie Rufus W. Dessing Reviewer Examiner

  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Minnesota, Faribault, Claim of Widow of Pension
    War of 1812 Claim of Widow of Pension.

    WAR OF 1812 Claim of Widow of Pension, under Provisions of Sections 4736 to 4740 inclusive Revised Statues, and the Act of March 9, 1878. State of Minnesota County of Faribault On this 4th day of May, A.D. one thousand eight hundred and eighty five personally appeared before me, Clerk of the Dist. Court, the same being a Court of Record within and for the county and State aforesaid, (1) Lucy Nichols aged eighty-six years now a resident of Blue Earth City, in the State of Minnesota until recently a resident of Lockport, State of New York, who being duly sworn according to law, declares that she is the widow of (2) Barber Nichols deceased, who was the identical (3) Barber Nichols, who served under the name (4) Barber Nichols as a (5) Private in the company commanded by Captain -------, in the regiment of -----------------, commanded by --------------------------in the war of 1812; that her said husband (6) volunteered at ---------------- on or about the ------------- day of ---------, AD -----------, for the term of ------------, and continued in actual service in said war for the term of (7) ----------, and whose services terminated, by reason of (8) ------------------------ at --------------, on the -------- day of ----------, AD ------. She further states that the following is a full description of her said husband at the time of his enlistment, viz: (9) Can only give description at time of marriage with applicant or since. She further states that she was married to said Barber Nichols, at the town of Whitby, Canada West, on the 8th of April AD 1830 by one (10) Peter McDaniel, who was a (11) Justice of the Peace and that her name before said marriage was Lucy Parshall, and that she has not remarried since the death of the said soldier; and she further states that (12) she said husband was formerly married to Mary Thomas who died about the year 1826 at Whitby Canada West and that her said husband (13) Barber Nichols, died at Lockport, in the State of New York, on the 14th day of January, AD 1885; and she further declares that the following have been places of residence of herself and her said husband since the date of his discharge from the Army, viz.(14): Whitby and Bayham Canada West and Lockport State of New York and since the 16th day of April 1885 the applicant has resided at Blue Earth City, Minn. She makes this declaration for the purpose of obtaining the pension of which she may be entitled under the provisions of Sections 4736 to 4740 inclusive Revised Statues, and Act of March 9, 1878, and hereby constitutes and appoints with full power of substitution and revocation Geo. B. Kingsley of Blue Earth City Minn her true and lawful attorney, to prosecute her claim and she further declares that she has heretofore made no application for (15) Pension that her said husband Barber Nichols received a land warrant the No. of which applicant is unable to give. Also that he received a pension at the rate of eight dollars per [????] the No. of the Pension Certificate being 22172. And that her residence is town of Blue Earth City, County of Fairbault, State of Minnesota, and that her post-office address is Blue Earth City, County & State each above mentioned. Attest: Adelaide Delia Kingsley Lucy Nichols Geo B. Kingsley N.B. - All the blank spaces in this form must be carefully fulled up in accordance with the instructions on the back hereof; and from the best information possessed, or obtainable, by the applicant. [page 2] Also personally appeared Geo B. Kingsley, aged 54 years, residing at Blue Earth City State of Minnesota, and Adelaide Delia Kingsley, aged 42 residing at Blue Earth City State of Minnesota, persons whom I certify to be respectable and entitled to credit, and who, being by me duly sworn, say that they have known the said Lucy Nichols for 42 years and for 23 years respectively; that they were present and saw her sign her name (or make her mark) to the foregoing declaration; that they have every reason to believe, from the appearance of said claimant and their acquaintance with her, that she is the identical person she represents herself to be; and they further say that they are able to identify her as the person who was the wife of the identical (16) Barber Nichols, who rendered the service alleged in the above application (in the company of Captain ---------- in the regiment of -----------------, in the War of 1812) by the following-named facts and circumstances, viz: (17) That Adelaide Delia Kingsley is the daughter of the said Barber and Lucy Nichols and Geo. B. Kingsley the son in law of said Barber & Lucy Nichols. And further know of the said Barber Nichols receiving a Pension as a soldier of the War of 1812. That this said pension certificate No. 22-[cut-off]. And that they have no interest in the prosecution of this claim other that the interest that children have for the welfare of their parents. Adeliade Delia Kingsley Geo. B. Kingsley SWORN To and subscribed before me this 4th day of May, AD 1885; and I hereby certify that the contents of the above declaration, &c., were fully made known and explained to the applicant and witnesses before swearing, including the words--------------------------------, erased, and the words -----------------------------, added; and that I have no interest, direct or indirect in the prosecution of this claim. (Signature.) Smith T. Barnes Clerk of the Court NOTES 1. Here allege full name of applicant. 2. Here allege full name of soldier. 3. Here allege again name of soldier. 4. Here allege the name under which the soldier served. 5. Here allege the rank under which the soldier served. 6. Here state "enlisted", "volunteered", or "was drafted", as case may be. 7. Here state the number of days or months of service by soldier; fourteen days being the shortest period for which service pension is by law allowed, inless the soldier was actually engaged in battle. 8. Here insert the words "honorable discharge" or death as the case may be. 9. Here let a full description of the soldier follow, from best recollection of the claimant, giving age, occupation, birthplace, height, color of hair, eyes and complexion, and any other particulars as to description. 10. Here allege the name of the person who performed the marriage ceremony. 11. Here state the official character of the person who performed the marriage ceremony. i.e. whether a minister of the Gospel or a Justice of the Peace, &c. 12. Here state whether the claimant or her husband (the soldier) had been previously married; and if either had, the name of the former husband or wife should be stated. 13. Here insert the name of the husband on account of whose service and death the claim is made. 14. Here state all the places of residence; if in a city, giving the street and number; and from and to what dates he resided at each place. 15. If any application for bounty land or pension has previously been made, state the fact here giving the date, and number if possible, and the act of Congress under which the claim was made; and designating whether it was a claim for bounty land or pension, and whether a warrant for the land or certificate of Pension was ever issued. 16. Here insert the name of the soldier. 17. Here name all the facts and circumstances which enable the witnesses to swear, from a personal knowledge, that the claimant is the widow of the identical person who rendered the service alleged in the claim. All services rendered by the soldier in the war for which the claim is made, or any other war, with the names of the offers in each service, must be given in the application. If service was rendered as a substitute, the name of the principal for whom the substitute served should be stated.

  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 David Lusk Reed. Oath of David Lusk Reed. (Date: 7/4/1885;)
    Declaration of David L. Reed 7/4/1885 http://www.studiolarz.com/genes/nichols/18reeddec.html.

    Dominion of Canada In the matter of Province of Ontario the Petition of Lucy County of Ontario Nichols I David Lusk Reed of the township of Whitby in the County of Ontario, Province of Ontario and Dominion of Canada Gentleman make oath and say as follows: 1. That I am eighty two years of age. 2. That I was well acquainted with Barber Nichols who formerly lived in this township and with his wife Lucy Nichols who before her marriage to him the said Barber Nichols was called Lucy Parshall. 3. That in the early part of the year eighteen hundred and thirty I purchased the land and premises where I now reside being part of lot number thirty-four in the Second Concession of the said township of Whitby from the said Barber Nichols who was then unmarried, a widower I think and in the April of that year eighteen hundred and thirty he was married to Lucy Parshall. As I verily believe, I was there the day of the marriage on the premises by cannot say positively that I was present in the room at the time of the marriage. They lived after that time as man and wife and she was always recognized as his wife. 4. The said Barber Nichols and his wife Lucy continued to live in the house purchased by me from him for about one month after the marriage. And then moved on to a farm in the adjoining township of Pickering about three fourths of a mile west from me and remained there some years. 5. The said Barber Nichols then sold and conveyed that farm in Pickering to one John [Carter?] and removed back into the northeast part of the township of Whitby where he carried on the business of a tanner for several years. 6. I cannot say when he left this country, Canada. 7. I have no doubt that Barber Nichols and Lucy Parshall were duly married at the township of Whitby in the month of April A.D. 1830. Witness my hand fourth day of July A.D. 1885. Witnessed by: James Almond Sylvester Mackey D.L. Reed And sworn before me at the township of Whitby in the county of Ontario this fourth day of July A.D. 1883 D. O Mirton Notary Public for the SEAL Province of Ontario duly appointed

  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Michigan , Department of State, Vital Statistics Division, Death certificates
    Charles Nichols Death Certificate, 856, 1/23/1905.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Willard, Frances Elizabeth, American women
    p. 174.

    CHURCHILL,, Mrs. Caroline M., editor and publisher, born in the township of Pickering, in the Upper Province of Canada, 23rd December, 1833. She lived with her parents in the township of Whitley until thirteen years of age, and was then sent to Lockport, N. Y., to attend school. How her father, Barber Nichols, came to settle in Canada is a matter not clearly understood by the family, as he was born in Providence, R. I., and served in the war of 1812, for which he drew a pension. He lived to be ico years old. Her mother is now over ninety years old and drawing a widow's pension for the father's service in 1812. Her father was a prosperous tradesman and a leading man fifty years ago in what is now called Ontario. His mother was French, his father Eng-, lish. The mother was Holland Dutch and German, transplanted to the State of Pennsylvania. Mrs. Churchill became the wife of a Canadian, who died in 1862. One daughter, born in 1852, is her only child. In 1869 Mrs. Churchill was attacked with what appeared] to be the dread disease, consumption. California was chosen as the best place at that time to overcome a difficulty of that nature. Thither she repaired and took to canvassing for the sake of life in the open air. The result was such that her cough ceased and her health was restored. Her constitution is a light one, however, and without very favorable conditions much development is hardly possible. Mrs. Churchill's most notable public work during six years of traveling life in California was the defeat of Holland's social evil bill by a burlesque. She drew up a bill for the regulation and control of immoral men similar to that introduced for the regulation of the same class of women. A member of the committee to whom the bill was submitted caused the burlesque to be printed and extensively circulated, creating a great deal of amusement at the expense of the advocate of Holland's bill. The latter was never heard from again. An assembly and senate attempted to get the same bill passed in Denver, Col., within a year or two. That burlesque was reprinted and placed upon the tables in both houses, and the bill was defeated. Mrs. Churchill has written two books which have had a sale of over fifty-thousand copies, ? little descriptive work called "Little Sheaves," and a book of travel entitled " Oyerthe Purple Hills." VVhile traveling in Texas, she introduced a bill in the legislature, the import of which was to keep the " Police Gazette " from being sold upon the news stands in the State. The bill passed, was signed by Governor Roberts, and has been in force for fifteen years. Feeling the need of preparation for age, Mrs. Churchill settled in Denver, and there established the " Colorado Antelope," a monthly. After publishing it for CAROLINE M. CHURCHILL. three years, the paper was changed to a weekly, the "Queen Bee," in 1879. She is a good speaker, but, from press of work in making a home for herself, she has had little opportunity to become known in the lecture field. Mrs. Churchill is by nature aggressively progressive.

  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Thomas Patrick Hughes, Frank Munsell. American ancestry. (Date: 1892;)
    p. 193 http://books.google.com/books?id=pr0UAAAAYAAJ&lpg=PA193&ots=F1pmYHASyp&dq=%22barber%2Bnichols%22%2Bgenealogy&pg=PA193.

    ANNES, ADRIAN WILSON of Win- dom, Minn., b. in Amadore, Mich., Aug. 8, 1854, grad. KalamazooColl., Mich., 1877, Ph. B., went to Minn., engaged in teaching, principal of Madelia schs. 3 yrs., of Windom schs. 3 yrs., entered law dept. Univ. of Mich. 1883, grad. 1885, LL. B., Edward, b. Oct. 2, 1836, and Helen Mar [Trowbridge] Chad wick, b. Jan. 19, 1838, gr.-dau. of Minor and Frances [Galusher] Trowbridge, has one child: Erie Chad wick Annes, b. in Windom, Minn., Nov. 30, 1888); son of George Nelson Annes of Kent, Wash., b. in Oshawa, Can., Jan. 10, 1833, came to U. S. with his parents 1849, and settled in what is now called Grant twp., Mich., educated in the dist. sch., engaged in farming 1852-62, ordained a Bapt. minister Feb. 22, 1862, in which calling he has continued to labor with success and occupies to-day a high place among the preachers of that denomination (m. Aug. 7, 1852, Malissa, b. Sep. 27, 1836, dau. of Abraham Wilson, b. 1810, d. Mar. 13, 1875, and Samantha [Champion] Willits, b. 1811, d. Feb. is, 1888, gr.-dau. of Selden, b. Mar. 17, 1774, d. Mar. 8, 1873, and Hulda [Hart] Champion, gt.-gr.-dau. of Joseph Hart of Durham, N. Y., d. Port Huron, Mich., 1844); son of Charles of Grant Centre, Mich., b. in Pickering, Can., Dec. 18, 1804, d. in Grant Centre, Mich., Mar. 21, 1872, came to U. S. Dec. 25, 1849, settled in St. Clair co., Mich., removed to Grant Centre, farmer (m. Sep. 6, 1827, Nancy, b. Apr. 28, 1807, dau. of Barber Nichols, b. prob. in Scotland 1785, d. in Lockport, N. Y., Feb., 1885, received pension as a soldier of the War of 1812 from U. S. govt., in which he served 40 days, this pension is still drawn by his widow, had nine children, five boys and four girls); son of Levi Annis of Scarboro, Can., b. in Vermont Apr. 27, 1781, d. Aug. 18, 1855, moved with his parents to N. Y. State and afterward to Can., settling in Scarboro, 1 'ni,, farmer, in the War of 1812 was pressed into the British army and fought for the defense of Canada as his father fought for American independence (m. 1801, Rhoda Conant, and had thirteen children, nine boys and four girls); son of Charles Annis of Windham, N. H., and Methuen, Mass., d. in Whitby, Can., 1812,

  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Thomas Patrick Hughes, Frank Munsell. American ancestry. (Date: 1892;)
    p. 208 http://books.google.com/books?id=pr0UAAAAYAAJ&lpg=PA193&ots=F1pmYHASyp&dq=%22barber%20nichols%22%20genealogy&pg=PA208.

    ANNES, ALONZO LAWSON of Wau- sau, Wis., b. in Huron City, Mich., Nov. 28, 1860, is engaged in preparing a genealogy of the Annis family (m. Nov. 28, 1882, Katie B., b. in Cincinnati, O., May 7, 1863, dau. of Charles Wesley, b. near Mich., b. in Darlington, Can., July 24 1836, came to U. S. with his parents 1849, educated in public schools, teacher during the winters 1853-4, grad- Detroit Coll. of Med., physician and surgeon, member of Free Masons and Odd Fellows, enlisted in 22d Mich. vol. infty. Mar. 22, 1865, and was detailed to duty in the office of the commissary of musters until transferred to co. C, 2gth Mich. vol. infty. (m. Oct. I, 1857, Mary Abigail, b. in Malahide, Can., Nov. 21, 1841, dau. of William, b. June 13, 1818, d. Jan. 18, 1889, and Loretta [Ashley] McClintock, b. in Grand Island, N. Y., Mar. 12, 1820, d. Apr. 12, 1854); son of Charles of Grant Centre, Mich., b. in Pickering, Can., Dec. 18, 1804, d. in Grant Centre, Mich., Mar. 21, 1872, came to U. S. 1849, settled in St. Clair co., Mich., afterward removing to Grant Centre, farmer (m. Sep. 6, 1827, Nancy, b. in Canada Apr. 28, 1807, dau. of Barber, b. in Rhode Island July, 1785, d. in Lock- port, N. Y., Feb., 1885, and Mary [Thomas] Nichols, b. in Canada 1790, d. Nov. 25, 1830); son of l.cvi Annis of Scarboro, Can., b. in Vt. Apr. 27, 1781, d. in Scarboro, Can., Aug. 18, 1855, removed to Canada when 18 yrs. of age, fought as a soldier in the defense of Canada in 1812-14 (m. abt. 1802, Rhoda, b. in Darlington, Can., June 14, 1784, dau. of Roger and Rhoda [Randall] Conant, see Conant genealogy); son of Charles, b. Mar. 10, 1739, d. May 30, 1823 (m. Sarah Emerson, b. Aug. 2, 1746, d. Dec. 5, 1831). He was a Revolutionary soldier from Windham, N. H., and afterward from Methuen, Mass.

  13.   United States. 1900 U.S. Census Population Schedule. (National Archives Microfilm Publication T623)
    Database online. Denver, Arapahoe, Colorado, ED , roll , page .

    Record for Caroline Churchill

  14. New York, Niagara, Application for Accrued Pension
    Application for Accrued Pension (Widows) 3/23/1885 http://www.studiolarz.com/genes/nichols/8lucyapp.html.

    [3-560.] APPLICATION FOR ACCRUED PENSION (WIDOWS.) State of New York, County of Niagra ss: On this 23rd day of March, 1885, personally appeared Lucy Nichols, who being sworn, declares that she is the lawful widow of Barber Nichols, deceased; that he died on the 14th day of January, 1885; that he had been granted a pension by Certificate No. 22172 which is herewith returned (or if not state why not)----------------------; that he had been paid the pension by the Pension Agent at Syracuse, N.Y. up to the 4th day of December, 1884 after which date he had not been employed or paid in the Army, Navy, or Marine service of the United States, except ------------; that she was married to said Barber Nichols on the 4th day of April, 1830 at Whitby, Province of Ontario Canada; that her name before said marriage was Lucy Parshall; that she hereby makes application for the pension which had accrued on aforesaid certificate to the date of death; and that her residence is No. 83 New Main Street, City of Lockport, County of Niagra, State of New York, and her Post-office is the same. (Widows signature.) Lucy Nichols Also personally appeared John Kearney, residing at Lockport, Niagra County, N.Y., and John [?]. Rich, residing at Lockport, Niagra County, N.Y., who, being duly sworn, say that they were present and saw Lucy Nichols sign her name (made her mark) to the foregoing declaration; that they know her to be the lawful widow of Barber Nichols, who died on the 14th day of January, 1885; and that their means of knowledge that said parties were husband and wife, and that the husband died on said date, are as follows: They knew said Barber & Lucy Nichols for over fifteen years knowing all that time that they lived together as husband & wife; the each acted as bearers at the funeral of said Barber Nichols witness to mark of John Kearney David Carroll John C. Rich John X Kearney John C. Rich Sworn to and subscribed before me on this 23rd day of March, 1885 and I certify that the affiants are reputable persons; that they know the contents of their depositions, and that their statements are entitled to full faith and credit. I further certify that I have no interest, direct or indirect, in the above claim. David Carroll Justice of the Peace

  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Soldier Nichols, Barber War of 1812
    http://www.studiolarz.com/genes/nichols/4summary.html.

    Soldier Nichols, Barber War of 1812 Numbers S.C. 22172 S.O(?). 31075 Widow Nicholas, Lucy W.O. 43840 Service Pri Capt Thomas Baldwin's W.C(?). 34293 Co. N.Y. Mil Bounty 94256-40-50 Land Warrants 2080-120-55 Enl. June 30 1812 Dis Augu 2, 1812 Residence of Soldier 1853, 1855, 1878 Lockport, Niagra Co. N.Y. Residence of Widow 1885 Lockport N.Y. Maiden Name Lucy Parshall of Widow Lucy Nichols Marriage of Soldiers 1st wife Mary Thomas who died in about 1826 Soldier and Widow April 8 1830 Canada West Canada Death of Soldier Jany 14, 1885, Lockport N.Y. Death of Widow Dec. 15 1893 Springfield, Ills. Exr. [Initials A.M.] 3/8/20 Rev'r Envelope written by Rev'r

  16. United States. 1900 U.S. Census Population Schedule. (National Archives Microfilm Publication T623)
    Database online. Grant, Saint Clair, Michigan, ED , roll , page .

    Record for Nancy Annis

  17. 17.0 17.1 The New Era, Humeston, Iowa
    1/22/1885.

    Barber Nichols died on the 15th at Lockport, N. Y., aged one hundred years

  18. Barber Nichols Land Grant Cover
    Land Grant Cover http://www.studiolarz.com/genes/nichols/1grantcvr.html.

    172 [TH,?] Oct. 7 /53 [J. F.?] Baldwin 84-a 7238 Barber Nichols, private July 19 / 90 [?] atty [???] Capt. Tho Baldwin N.Y. Col Tho Benedict Mil. Feb 21 90 Letter to W. E. [L......ia] M.P.W. 1st Ent June 1812 3 mos 2nd En Oct 1812 1 week War 1812 40 acres Oct. 25/50 [Cleeasen?] 3 [Arid.] Office 14 Aug 1853 3 June - 2 Augu 1812 [.....pd for One .... X3 day] Barber Nichols served in Cap Thos Baldwin's Co. N.Y. Mil. from 30 June to 2 Aug 1812. Grant No 94.25b [.....?] Oct 27/53 R. Lmame(?) [for 3 A....?] [fueld?] J. F. Baldwin [Hd] Lockport, N.Y. Vol. 93 P 153

  19. Janesville Daily Gazete, Janesville, Wisconsin
    1/16/1885.

    Barber nichols, 100 year of age, passed away at Lockport, N. Y., after an illness of only a few hours.

  20. Barber Nichols, in Find A Grave.

    Find A Grave, Find A Grave, digital image (http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=67648197 : accessed 3 March 2012), photograph, gravestone for Barber Nichols (1788-1885), Lockport, New York.