Person:Arduin of Ivrea (1)

Watchers
Arduin of Ivrea
b.955
d.1015
  1. Arduin of Ivrea955 - 1015
  1. Arduino II d'Ivrea - 1050
Facts and Events
Name Arduin of Ivrea
Alt Name Arduin of Italy
Gender Male
Birth[1] 955
Marriage to Bertha of Italy
Death[1] 1015
Reference Number? Q640130?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Arduin (; 955 – 14 December 1015) was an Italian nobleman who was Margrave of Ivrea (c. 990–1015) and King of Italy (1002–1014).

Arduin was born in 955 in Pombia during a period in which the Kingdom of Italy was struggling to maintain its independence from the ambitions of the Holy Roman Empire. Italy was conquered in 961 by Emperor Otto I, and the Italian King Berengar II was deposed. Arduin, Berengar's grand-nephew, was only a boy when this happened; he later became Margrave of Ivrea in 990, and in 991 became Count of the Sacred Palace of the Lateran in Rome. In 1002, after the death of Emperor Otto III, the Italian nobles elected Arduin as King of Italy in the Basilica of San Michele Maggiore in Pavia, making him the first independent Italian king since Berengar's deposition 41 years earlier. Arduin was initially supported by the Archbishop of Milan.

The new German king Henry II opposed Arduin. In 1004, Henry invaded Italy, defeated Arduin, and was crowned King of Italy in Pavia; however, he soon withdrew back to Germany, and Arduin was able to reassert his authority for the next decade. Henry II invaded Italy again in 1014 and was proclaimed Emperor in Rome, at which point Arduin was finally forced to relinquish his crown. He died soon after at Fruttuaria Abbey, ending the independence of the Kingdom of Italy.

Disputed Lineages

Different wikipedia pages offer competing theories on the identity of the Berta/Bertha who Arduin married.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Arduin of Ivrea. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Arduin of Ivrea, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.