Person:Antiochus IV Epiphanes (1)

Antiochus IV Epiphanes
b.Abt 215 BC
d.164 BC
  1. Antiochis _____
  2. Antiochus _____221 BC - 193 BC
  3. Seleucus IV Philopator _____ - 175 BC
  4. Laodice IV _____
  5. Cleopatra I Syra _____Abt 204 BC - 176 BC
  6. Antiochus IV EpiphanesAbt 215 BC - 164 BC
  1. Laodice VI _____ - Bet 115 BC & 113 BC
  2. Antiochus V _____ - 161 BC
  3. Alexander Balas _____ - 145 BC
Facts and Events
Name Antiochus IV Epiphanes
Gender Male
Birth[1] Abt 215 BC
Marriage to Laodice IV _____
Death[1] 164 BC
Reference Number? Q3356?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Antiochus IV Epiphanes (; , Antíochos ho Epiphanḗs, "God Manifest"; c. 215 BC – November/December 164 BC) was a Greek Hellenistic king who ruled the Seleucid Empire from 175 BC until his death in 164 BC. He was a son of King Antiochus III the Great. Originally named Mithradates (alternative form Mithridates), he assumed the name Antiochus after he ascended the throne. Notable events during Antiochus's reign include his near-conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt, his persecution of the Jews of Judea and Samaria, and the rebellion of the Jewish Maccabees.

Antiochus's accession to the throne was controversial, and he was seen as a usurper by some. After the death of his brother Seleucus IV Philopator in 175 BC, the "true" heir should have been Seleucus's son Demetrius I. However, Demetrius I was very young and a hostage in Rome at the time. Antiochus seized the opportunity to declare himself king instead, and successfully rallied enough of the Greek ruling class in Antioch to support his claim. This helped set a destabilizing trend in the Seleucid Empire in subsequent generations as more and more claimants to the throne tried their luck at declaring themselves king. After his own death, power struggles between competing lines of the ruling dynasty heavily contributed to the collapse of the empire.

Antiochus' often eccentric behaviour and capricious actions during his interactions with common people, such as appearing in the public bathhouses and applying for municipal offices, led some of his contemporaries to call him Epimanes (Ἐπιμανής, Epimanḗs, "The Mad"), a wordplay on his title Epiphanes.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Antiochus IV Epiphanes, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.