Place:Saltburn by the Sea, North Riding of Yorkshire, England

Watchers
NameSaltburn by the Sea
Alt namesSaltburnsource: alternate name
Saltburn-by-the-Seasource: alternate name
TypeParochial area, Civil parish
Coordinates54.583°N 0.967°W
Located inNorth Riding of Yorkshire, England     ( - 1974)
Also located inCleveland, England     (1974 - 1996)
North Yorkshire, England     (1996 - )
Yorkshire, England    
See alsoBrotton, North Riding of Yorkshire, Englandparish of which it was originally a part
Marske by the Sea, North Riding of Yorkshire, Englandcivil parish from which it was formed in 1894
Saltburn and Marske by the Sea, North Riding of Yorkshire, Englandurban district into which it was merged in 1932
Teesside, Cleveland, Englandcounty borough of which Saltburn was a part 1968-1996
Redcar and Cleveland, North Yorkshire, Englandunitary authority of which it is now a part
Langbaurgh East Wapentake, North Riding of Yorkshire, Englandwapentake in which it was located
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Saltburn-by-the-Sea is a seaside town in North Yorkshire, England. The local council, a unitary authority, is Redcar and Cleveland. Historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire. The town is around south east of Middlesbrough, and the ward of Saltburn had a population of 5,912 at the 2001 Census, increasing slightly to 5,958 at the 2011 census.

The development of Middlesbrough and Saltburn was driven by the discovery of iron stone in the Cleveland Hills, the monies of the Pease family of Darlington, and the development of two railways to transport the minerals.

The distance from Saltburn to Middlesbrough is about 12 miles (19 km).

end of Wikipedia contribution

Saltburn was originally a parochial area in Brotton parish in Langbaurgh East Wapentake. It was made part of Marske by the Sea civil parish in the 19th century and in 1894 became a separate civil parish and urban district. In 1932 the two urban districts of Marske and Saltburn by the Sea joined as Saltburn and Marske by the Sea.

In 1968 it became a part of the newly-formed County Borough of Teesside in the new administrative county of Cleveland. In 1996, on the demise of Cleveland, it became part of the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland within the county of North Yorkshire.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Old Saltburn

Old Saltburn is the original settlement, located in the Saltburn Gill. Records are scarce on its origins, but it was a centre for smugglers, and publican John Andrew is referred to as 'king of smugglers'.

In 1856, the hamlet consisted of the Ship Inn and a row of houses, occupied by farmers and fishermen.[1] In the mid-18th century, authors Laurence Sterne and John Hall-Stevenson enjoyed racing chariots on the sands at Saltburn.

Early development

The Pease family developed Middlesbrough as an industrial centre and, after discovery of iron stone, the Stockton & Darlington Railway and the West Hartlepool Harbour and Railway Company developed routes into East Cleveland.[1] By 1861, the S&DR reached Saltburn with the intention of continuing to Brotton, Skinningrove and Loftus[1] but the WHH&RCo had already developed tracks in the area, leaving little point in the extending the S&DR tracks further.[1]

In 1858, while walking along the coast path towards Old Saltburn to visit his brother Joseph in Marske, Henry Pease saw a prophetic vision of a town arising on the cliff and the quiet, unfrequented and sheltered glen turned into a lovely garden. The Pease family owned Middlesbrough Estate and had control of the S&DR, and agreed to develop Henry's vision by forming the Saltburn Improvement Company (SIC).[1]

Land was purchased from the Earl of Zetland, and the company commissioned surveyor George Dickinson to lay out what became an interpretation of a gridiron street layout, detracted from by the railway which ran through the site.[1] With as many houses as possible having sea views, the layout was added to by the so-called Jewel streets along the seafront—Coral, Garnet, Ruby, Emerald, Pearl, Diamond and Amber Streets, said to be a legacy of Henry's vision.


After securing the best positions for development by the SIC, money was raised for construction by selling plots to private developers and investors. Most buildings are constructed using 'Pease' brick, transported from Darlington by the S&DR, with the name Pease set into the brick. The jewel in Henry Pease's crown is said to have been The Zetland Hotel with a private platform, one of the world's earliest railway hotels.[1]

The parcel of land known as Clifton Villas was sold by the Saltburn Improvement Company (SIC) in 1865 to William Morley from London who built the property, 'The Cottage' (now Teddy's Nook) on a site originally intended for 3 villas. The SIC stipulated on the land in the deed of covenant, that any trees planted along Britannia Terrace (now Marine Parade) were not to exceed 1' 6" above the footpath to preserve sea views for Britannia Terrace residents and visitors.

The Redcar to Saltburn Railway opened in 1861 as an extension of the Middlesbrough to Redcar Railway of 1846. The line was extended to Whitby as part of the Whitby Redcar and Middlesbrough Union Railway.


History from a different aspect

A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Saltburn from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:

"SALTBURN, a village in Brotton parish, N. R. Yorkshire; on the coast, at the terminus of the Stockton and Darlington railway, 5½ miles N E of Guisbrough. It was formerly a small hamlet, but it has acquired importance since the opening of the railway; and it has a head post-office, designated Saltburn-by-Sea, Yorkshire, a [railway] station with telegraph, a church, a Wesleyan chapel, and a coast-guard station. The church was built in 1867, at a cost of about £3,200; consisted then of nave, N aisle, and N transept; was designed to be enlarged with S aisle, S transept, chancel, porch, and vestry, and to have a tower and spire 100 feet high; and is in the early decorated style, more French than English. The Wesleyan chapel was built in 1865, and is in the early English style."

Research Tips

This is by far the most complete history of the parishes of the county to be found online. The chapters are ordered by the divisions of the county called wapentakes, but each chapter is linked to the volume's content page.
  • GENUKI has a page on all three ridings of Yorkshire and pages for each of the ecclesiastical parishes in the county. Under each parish there is a list of the settlements within it and brief description of each.
These are based on a gazetteer dated 1835 and there may have been a number of alterations to the parish setup since then. However, it is worthwhile information for the pre civil registration era. GENUKI provides references to other organizations who hold genealogical information for the local area. There is no guarantee that the website has been kept up to date and the submitter is very firm about his copyright. This should not stop anyone from reading the material.
  • The FamilyTree Wiki has a series of pages similar to those provided by GENUKI which may have been prepared at a later date. The wiki has a link to English Jurisdictions 1851 which gives the registration district and wapentake for each parish, together with statistics from the 1851 census for the area.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time, Yorkshire North Riding, section "Units and Statistics" leads to analyses of population and organization of the county from about 1800 through 1974. There are pages available for all civil parishes, municipal boroughs and other administrative divisions. Descriptions provided are usually based on a gazetteer of 1870-72.
  • Map of the North Riding divisions in 1888 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time
  • Map of North Riding divisions in 1944 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time
  • The above two maps indicate the boundaries between parishes, etc., but for a more detailed view of a specific area try a map from this selection. The oldest series are very clear at the third magnification offered. Comparing the map details with the GENUKI details for the same area is well worthwhile.
  • Yorkshire has a large number of family history and genealogical societies. A list of the societies will be found on the Yorkshire, England page.
  • In March 2018 Ancestry announced that its file entitled "Yorkshire, England: Church of England Parish Records, 1538-1873" has been expanded to include another 94 parishes (across the three ridings) and expected it to be expanded further during the year. The entries are taken from previously printed parish registers.
  • The chapter of the Victoria County History dealing with Brotton parish.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Saltburn-by-the-Sea. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.