Place:Saddleworth, West Riding of Yorkshire, England

Alt namesUpper Millsource: Family History Library Catalog
TypeCivil parish, Urban district
Coordinates53.55°N 2°W
Located inWest Riding of Yorkshire, England     ( - 1974)
Also located inYorkshire, England    
Greater Manchester, England     (1974 - )
See alsoOldham (metropolitan borough), Greater Manchester, Englandmetropolitan borough of which it has been a part since 1974
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Saddleworth has been, since 1974, a civil parish of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham in Greater Manchester, England. It comprises several villages and hamlets along the west side of the Pennine hills: Austerlands, Delph, Denshaw, Dobcross, Greenfield, Grotton, Lydgate, Scouthead, Springhead, and Uppermill.

Saddleworth, which lies east of the large town of Oldham and east-northeast of the city of Manchester, is broadly rural, and has a scattered population of 24,351, making it one of the larger civil parishes in the United Kingdom. Until 1974 Saddleworth was a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire.

For centuries Saddleworth was a centre of home-produced woollen cloth. The cloth reached the markets through an agent who would supply the raw wool and pay for the cloth produced. During the 18th and 19th centuries Saddleworth became a centre for cotton spinning and weaving, so much so that by the end of Queen Victoria's reign, mechanized textile production had become a vital part of the local economy. The boom in industry called for greater transport links, including the Huddersfield Narrow Canal and several railways.

Following the Great Depression of the 1920s and '30s Saddleworth's textile sector declined. Much of Saddleworth's architecture and infrastructure dates from its textile processing days however, notably the Saddleworth Viaduct and several cottages and terraces.

Ecclesiastically, Saddleworth was part of the parish of Rochdale and was therefore long talked of as "the part of Yorkshire where Lancastrians lived". The former Saddleworth Urban District was the only part of the West Riding to have been amalgamated into the new county of Greater Manchester in 1974. However, strong cultural links with Yorkshire remain amongst its communities. There are several brass bands in the parish.

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Saddleworth. This is a very extensive article covering the history of Saddleworth from many angles.

Research Tips

  • GENUKI on Saddleworth. The GENUKI page gives numerous references to local bodies providing genealogical assistance.
  • The FamilySearch wiki on the ecclesiastical parish of Rochdale provides a list of useful resources for the local area.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time on Saddleworth.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time also provides links to four maps of the West Riding, produced by the United Kingdom Ordnance Survey, illustrating the boundaries between the civil parishes and the rural districts at various dates. These maps all blow up to a scale that will illustrate small villages and large farms or estates.
  • Ordnance Survey West Riding 1888. The "Sanitary Districts (which preceded the rural districts) for the whole of the West Riding.
  • Ordnance Survey West Riding South 1900. The rural and urban districts, not long after their introduction. (the southern part of Bradford, the southern part of Leeds, the southern part of Tadcaster Rural District, the southern part of Selby, Goole Rural District, and all the divisions of Halifax, Huddersfield, Wakefield, Doncaster, Barnsley, Rotherham and Sheffield)
  • Ordnance Survey West Riding North 1900 The rural and urban districts, not long after their introduction. (rural districts of Sedbergh, Settle, Skipton, Pateley Bridge, Ripon, Knaresborough, Great Ouseburn, Clitheroe, Wharfedale, Wetherby, York, Bishopthorpe, Keighley, the northern part of Bradford, the northern part of Leeds, the northern part of Hunslet Urban District, the northern part of Tadcaster Rural District, the northern part of Selby Rural District)
  • Ordnance Survey West Riding 1944. The urban and rural districts of the whole of the West Riding after the revisions of 1935.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Saddleworth. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.