Place:Peterborough Without, Northamptonshire, England

NamePeterborough Without
Alt namesNewarksource: from redirect
Peterborough St John the Baptist
TypeCivil parish, Suburb
Coordinates52.5747°N 0.2503°W
Located inNorthamptonshire, England     ( - 1929)
Also located inSoke of Peterborough, England     (1889 - 1965)
Huntingdon and Peterborough, England     (1965 - 1974)
Cambridgeshire, England     (1974 - )
See alsoPeterborough Rural, Soke of Peterborough, Englandrural district in which it was located 1894-1929
Peterborough, Northamptonshire, Englandcity into which it was absorbed in 1929
Peterborough District, Cambridgeshire, Englanddistrict municipality and unitary authority of which it has been part since 1974

Peterborough Without and Peterborough Within were two civil parishes formed in 1894 from the part of the civil parish of Peterborough represented by the ecclesiastical parish of St John the Baptist. Peterborough Without was the section of the parish outside the city boundaries of Peterborough and hence became part of Peterborough Rural District. The civil parish of Longthorpe was carved out of it in 1908. In 1929 both Longthorpe and Peterborough Without were absorbed into the expanded City of Peterborough. The area is now part of the Peterborough administrative district of Cambridgeshire, a unitary authority since 1998.

Prior to 1929 the area was part of the Peterborough SubDistrict of Peterborough Registration District and Poor Law Union.

NOTE: A Vision of Britain through Time provided details on the civil parish of Peterborough Without.

Co-ordinates given are taken from Google Earth and are those of the present St John the Baptist Church in Peterborough, not far from the Cathedral. Peterborough Without would appear to be beyond the mainline railway tracks to the west, an area which contains the present Peterborough City Council offices.


The following description from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72 is provided by the website A Vision of Britain Through Time (University of Portsmouth Department of Geography).

"NEWARK, a hamlet in Peterborough, St. John the Baptist parish, Northampton; within Peterborough borough, but 1½ mile N E by E of Peterborough town. Population: 307. Houses: 59. The land is flat, and mostly arable. A chapel, dedicated to St. Mary Magdalene, formerly was here."
the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Newark was a hamlet of the parish of Saint Mary the Virgin in the Soke of Peterborough in the United Kingdom. One mile and a half (2.4 km) north-east-by-east from the city centre; a portion was incorporated with the municipal borough in 1874. The remainder formed part of Peterborough Rural District from 1894 until 1926 when the city's boundaries were extended to include the civil parish of Peterborough Without.

Research Tips

Research Tips

  • If you are researching anyone whose lifetime preceded (or even mostly preceded) 1889, the places in which he or she lived are going to be in Northamptonshire rather than the Soke of Peterborough. The Soke of Peterborough was actually a section of Northamptonshire.
  • Original historical documents relating to the Soke of Peterborough are held by Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies at the County Record Office in Peterborough.
  • GENUKI does not provide webpages for the Soke of Peterborough and its provision for Northamptonshire is very limited.
  • The FamilyTree Wiki has a series of pages on Northamptonshire (including the Soke of Peterborough).
  • A Vision of Britain through Time, section "Units and Statistics" leads to analyses of population and organization of the county from 1889 through 1974. There are pages available for all civil parishes, municipal boroughs and other administrative divisions.
  • Map of Northamptonshire in 1900 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time shows the Soke of Peterborough (not labelled as such) in the top right hand corner.
  • Map of Northamptonshire divisions (including the Soke of Peterborough) in 1944 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time