Place:Stockport, Cheshire, England

Alt namesPownall Greensource: from redirect
Barlowfoldsource: hamlet in parish
Cale Greensource: hamlet in parish
Carr Greensource: hamlet in parish
Daw Banksource: hamlet in parish
Great Moorsource: hamlet in parish
Heavileysource: hamlet in parish
Hempshaw Brooksource: hamlet in parish
Hillgatesource: hamlet in parish
Hope Hillsource: hamlet in parish
Little Moorsource: hamlet in parish
Shaw Heathsource: hamlet in parish
TypeParish (ancient), Borough (county), Borough (metropolitan)
Coordinates53.417°N 2.167°W
Located inCheshire, England     ( - 1974)
Also located inGreater Manchester, England     (1974 - )
See alsoMacclesfield Hundred, Cheshire, Englandhundred in which it was located
Stockport (metropolitan borough), Greater Manchester, Englandmetropolitan borough in which it has been located since 1974
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog
the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Stockport is now a large town in Greater Manchester, England. It lies on elevated ground 7 miles (11 km) southeast of Manchester city centre, at the point where the rivers Goyt and Tame merge to create the River Mersey. Stockport is the largest settlement in the metropolitan borough of the same name. As of the 2001 Census the town had a population of 136,082 and the wider borough 284,528.

The borough of Stockport is located on both sides of the Mersey. Before 1974 the southern and larger part was in Cheshire, and the area to the north of the Mersey was in Lancashire.

Stockport became a county borough in 1889 and was enlarged by gaining territory from Lancashire, including in 1906 Reddish and in 1913, the "Four Heatons". (The Four Heatons is the name used to describe the four individual neighbourhoods of Heaton Moor, Heaton Chapel, Heaton Mersey and Heaton Norris. Collectively, they form a suburban area of Stockport.)

Between 1894 and 1974 also Stockport absorbed a number of areas in surrounding Cheshire. The urban districts shown on the map were absorbed piecemeal during the County Borough era, with remaining area being absorbed into the Metropolitan Borough upon its formation in 1974.

Industrial History

Stockport in the 16th century was a small town entirely on the south bank of the Mersey, and known for the cultivation of hemp and rope manufacture. In the 18th century the town had one of the first mechanised silk factories in the British Isles. However, Stockport's predominant industries of the 19th century were the cotton and allied industries. Stockport was also at the centre of the country's hatting industry, which by 1884 was exporting more than six million hats a year; the last hat works in Stockport closed in 1997.

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Stockport. Includes a long discussion of the hatting industry.

Dominating the western approaches to the town is the Stockport Viaduct. Built in 1840, the viaduct's 27 brick arches carry the mainline railways from Manchester to Birmingham and London over the River Mersey. This structure featured as the background in many paintings by L. S. Lowry.

Earlier Administrative History

GENUKI provides the following information

Stockport was a township and borough in Stockport ancient parish, in Macclesfield Hundred which became a civil parish in 1866. Within the original township were the hamlets of Barlowfold, Cale Green, Carr Green, Daw Bank, Great Moor, Heaviley, Hempshaw Brook, Hillgate, Hope Hill, Little Moor and Shaw Heath. Brinksway has been redirected to Cheadle. The population of Stockport was 14,830 in 1801, 30,589 in 1851, 78,897 in 1901 and 141,650 in 1951.

The ancient parish church for the township of Stockport was dedicated to St. Mary the Virgin. The following churches were also in existence before 1850:

  • Stockport: St. Peter (Church of England). Founded in 1765 as a chapel to St. Mary the Virgin, becoming the district church for part of Stockport in 1838.
  • Stockport: St. Thomas (Church of England). Founded in 1825 as a chapel to St. Mary, becoming a district church for part of Stockport in 1839.
  • Stockport: St. Matthew (Church of England). A district church for part of Stockport from 1852.
  • Stockport: Our Lady and the Apostles (Roman Catholic). Founded in 1799.
  • Stockport, Friends' Meeting House (Quakers), Lower Hillgate. Built in 1705.
  • Stockport, United Reform Church (Hanover Chapel) (Independent/Congregational). (Records of baptisms 1816-1961 are at the Cheshire Record Office.)

Research Tips

  • The GENUKI and UKBMD pages on Cheshire and its parishes point to many other sources of information on places within the county. The many small parishes and townships that existed before 1866 are treated individually as well as the larger towns and conurbations.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time provides a series of maps from the Ordnance Survey illustrating the towns and villages of Cheshire and also the borders between parishes. The following group of maps provide views of the county at various dates, illustrating the changes in administrative structure.
  • Cheshire Archives and Local Studies have organized a facility to compare 19th century maps (including tithe maps circa 1830) with modern Ordnance Survey maps. These are available for every civil parish. The detail is very magnified and it is difficult to read any placenames on the older maps. Cheshire Archives and Local Studies are the local keepers of historical material for the county.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Stockport. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.