Person:Clan Sempill (1)

Clan Sempill
Facts and Events
Name Clan Sempill
Alt Name Clan Semple
Gender Male

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  1.   Montgomery, William (William Harry), and George Hill. The Montgomery manuscripts (1603-1706), Page 442.
  2.   Semple, William Alexander. Genealogical History of the Family Semple: From 1214 to 1888. (Hartford, Connecticut: Press of the Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co., 1888).
  3.   Castle Semple Collegiate Church, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  4.   Castle Semple, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  5.   Royal Scots College, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.

    Founded by Colonel William Semple

  6.   John S. Van Voorhis, A.M.M.D. The Old and New Monongahela. (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Nicholson Printer and Binder, 1893), Page 240, 241.


    Page 240 - John Sample had three brothers and one sister: their names were William, Alexander, Samuel and Mary. Mary married Admiral Graves, a resident of north of Ireland, and was connected with the royal family. John Sample was second cousin to George the third. Admiral Graves was commander-in-chief of the marine forces of England, being appointed by the king on account of his connection with the crown through his wife. Admiral Graves was sent from England with a large fleet in

    Page 241 - the time of the revolution to relieve Cornwallis at the battle of Yorktown, but he arrived one day too late, as Cornwallis had been taken by General Washington. Admiral Graves returned with his fleet to England, He was owner of old Castle-Dawson with its elegant parks and hunting grounds.

    John Sample's wife's maiden name was Margaret Whiteside, a resident of Belfast, Ireland. Her brother, James Whiteside, was Lord Chief Justice of Ireland, the highest gift of the queen. He was a nobleman. At the age of 16 Margaret Whiteside married a young man named William Thompson, also a resident of Belfast. They had three children, John T. , William T. and Mary. Mr. and Mrs. Thompson immigrated to America while their children were quite young and settled in Philadelphia, where Mr. Thomipson died not long after his arrival. In a few years after his death his widow married John Sample, of the same city. He was a merchant. The issue of this marriage was seven children, viz: Ann, Margaret, Sarah, Eliza, Alexander, Jane and Martha. John Sample died in Pittsburgh, Pa., in 1829; his wife died in 1850, in Kentucky, whilst on a visit to her daughter, Mrs. Martha Wheeler. Jane married Rev. G. M. Hair, both of whom are deceased. Eliza married Rev. Samuel Hair, whose death is noted elsewhere. His wife, at this date (ISOS") is still alive, and resides at No. 4417 Lake Avenue, Chicago. Martha married John T. Wheeler, now deceased; his wife survives him and resides in Chicago. Alexander was long a resident of Steubenville, Ohio, where he was regarded as one of the most distinguished dentists in that profession.


  7.   Patrick Hogue (Samples). The Samples / Semples Family.

    My interpretation from the book "Old and New Monongahela" by John S Van Voorhis
    Page 240 - John Sample, Alexander Sample, Samuel Sample and Mary Sample are a 2nd cousin of King George III b. 1738, this means that their 1st cousin is Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales b. 1707, or his wife Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, b. 1719. Which places the Sample siblings aforementioned with a birthdate within the proximity of 1707 - 1719 - or before, 1685 to 1695, respectfully. As it continues with Mary Sample as wife of Admiral Graves who failed Lieutenant Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis at Yorktown. Mary would have to have been born c. 1730 - 1769. Making her a daughter of one of the brother's instead of a sister. Or, a grandaughter. Same for John Sample having married Margaret Whiteside. He would have been another generation or two down.

  8.   Bagby, Alfred. King and Queen County, Virginia. (New York: Neale Pub. Co., 1908), Page 378.

    Page 378 - This from Col. Fleet of Culver: "Thos. Walker, ancestor of the distinguished Dr. Thos. Walker, and Riveses of Albemarle (see Thomas Walker (explorer)), and Gov. Thos. Walker Gilmer (see Thomas Walker Gilmer), was from K. & Q." - Semple, John and James S., were sons of Rev. James Semple of England. John settled in King and Queen, marrying a Miss Walker. There son, Robert B.A. Croghan[sic] Semple[recte] married Lucy Clark, and their son, Major Croghan, then a mere youth, held the fort at Sandusky against Gen. Proctor (see Henry Procter (British Army officer)) with a large force of Indians and whites. He also distinguished himself at Tippecanoe (see Battle of Tippecanoe).

  9.   Arthur, Stanley Clisby; Charles Patton Dimitry; and George Campbell de Kernion. Old Families of Louisiana. (New Orleans, Louisiana: Harmanson, 1931), Pages 355, 361.

    Page 355 - Robert Semple, brother to Steele Semple -
    Page 361 - Robert Semple, a brother of Sarah Jane Semple who married Col. Thomas Butler (q. v.), was descended from the Semples of Kirkhouse, Scotland.

  10.   William D. Theriault. History of Eastern Jefferson County, West Virginia. (Published by the Author), Pages 37-44.
  11.   Anderson, William Kyle. Donald Robertson and his wife Rachel Rogers of King and Queen County, Virginia: their ancestry and posterity : also a brief account of the ancestry of Commodore Richard Taylor of Orange County, Virginia, and his naval history during the War of the American Revolution. (Detroit, Mich.: unknown, 1900), Page 36, 37.

    Page 36, 37 – NOTE. – In this connection a brief account of her husband’s, John Walker Semple’s family, is appropriate.
    John and James Semple, who emigrated to the Colony of Virginia from Scotland in 1752, were sons of the Rev. James Semple, minister of the Parish of Dreghorn. John and James were born there, John on October 17, 1727, and James on May 18th, 1730. Their father came of the family of Blackburn, Renfrewshire, and was lineally descended from the Semples of Elistoun, Lochwinwoch. Upon their arrival in Virginia, John settled at “Rose-Mount” farm, about three miles northeast of the village of Walkerton, Virginia, in King and Queen county. James went to New Kent county. John became a lawyer and married, January 17, 1761, Elizabeth Walker, by whom he had four children, viz., (1) John Walker Semple, (2) Elizabeth Baylor Semple, (3) James Semple, (4) Robert Baylor Semple. He died February, 1770, and his wife survived him twenty years. She died in May, 1790. They were buried at “Rose-Mount” farm, as was also their son, Robert Baylor Semple, who was a very distinguished Baptist preacher.
    James Semple , the brother of John, who, as stated above, settled in New Kent county, became a clergyman of the Church of England. He married Rebecca Allen, who bore him four children, one of whom, Judge James Semple, married Ann Countess Tyler, sister of President John Tyler.
    John Walker Semple, eldest child of John Semple and Elizabeth Walker, his wife, was born November 18, 1761. He was twice married, first to Frances Lowry, daughter of Colonel Thomas Lowry and sister of Mrs. Robert Baylor Semple, his brother’s wife, no issue; and second to Lucy Robertson, daughter of Donald Robertson, by whom he had nine children. He was a member of the Virginia General Assembly; removed in May, 1797, to Kentucky, and practiced his profession as a physician many years, but later in life devoted himself to farming. From 1804 to 1808 he was a member of the Kentucky Legislature. He died at Seventy Six, Kentucky in Clinton county, November 13th, 1820.

  12.   Crawfurd, George. A Genealogical history of the royal and illustrious family of the Stewarts, from the year 1034 to the year 1710: giving an account of the lives, marriages and issue of the most remarkable persons and families of that name to which are prefixed, first, a general description of the Shire of Renfrew, the peculiar residence and ancient patrimony of the Stewarts; and secondly, a deduction of the noble and ancient families, proprietors there for upwards of 400 years, down to the present times : containing the descent, original creations, and most remarkable actions of their respective ancestors; also the chief titles of honour they now enjoy, with their marriage and issue, continued down to this present year, and the coat of arms of each family in blazon. (Edinburgh: James Watson, 1710), Page 74.

    A History of the Shire of Renfrew. - Page 74 – Lower, upon the Bank of Greif, stands the House and Lands of Fulwood, the Seat of, and whence, an Ancient Family of the Semples took Designation, from the time of King Robert the II. That their Ancestor, a younger Brother of the Family of Eliestoun, became possessed of these Lands, which before that pertained to the Flemings, Earls of Wigtoun; for I have seen Thomas Fleming designed Dominus de Fulwood, dadum Comes de Wigtoun, in a Charter which he gave Willielmo Boyd, filio Thoma Boyd de Kilmarnock, Militis, de omnibus terries ejusdem Thoma in Baronia de Lainzie, which is confirmed by King Robert II. An. 1374 (o).
    But the First of the Semples of Fulwood I have found mentioned is John Semple of Fulwood, who is a Witness to the Resignation of the Lands of Fultoun to the Monks of Pasly, an. 1409 (p). Likeas William Semple of Fulwood is Witness to the Donation of Crokat-Shot, by Robert Lord Lyle, to the Abbot and Convent of Pasly, an. 1452. Moreover I have seen a Charter of the Barony of Kirkmichael in Dunbartoun-Shire, in Favours of John Semple, Son and Heir of William Semple of Fulwood, an. 1476 (q). And, in 1515. John Semple of Fulwood gave to Robert Semple his Brother, and Margaret Crawfurd his Wife, a Daughter of the House of Auchinames, and Lands of Noblestoun; (whose Lineal Heir is Robert Grahame of Gartmore) Robert Semple of Fulwood, Sucessor to the former John, obtained a Charter of his Lands of Fulwood, an 1502 ®. This Ancient Family failed in the Person of John Semple of Fulwood, who about the Year 1679 alienated the Lands of Fulwood to John Porterfield of That Ilk. His son is Robert Semple, late Sheriff-depute of Renfrew. The Laird of Porterfield in an. 1680 gave the Lands of Fulwood in Patrimony to Alexander Porterfield his 2nd Son, who is now of Fulwood, and married Marion Daughter of Alexander Cuninghame of Craigends, by whom he has John his Son and apparent Heir.
    Near Fulwood lie the Lands of Blackburn; an Ancient Family of the Semples. A Branch of those of Fulwood, did for some time possess these Lands, and failed in the Person of Robert Semple of Blackburn, who died without Male Sussession; so that John Semple, of Closs, his Brother-german, became his Heir: Which John I have see designed, Lawful Son to John Semple of Blackburn, an. 1583 (s); whose Grandchild John Semple, of Balgoun dying without Male Issue, his Estate went with Marion, his Daughter and sole Heir, to Sir George Suty, now of Balgoun. So the Lineal Heir Male of that Family is William Semple, Writer in Edinburgh.

  13.   Burke, Bernard. The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales: Comprising a Registry of Armorial Bearings from the Earliest to the Present Time. (London: Burke's Peerage, 19--?), Page 912, 1884.

    Semple of Belltrees
    Semple of Cathcart

  14.   Paul, James Balfour. The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's peerage of Scotland, containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom, with armorial illustrations. (Edinburgh: D. Douglas, 1904-1914), Vol. 7. Pages 526, 527, 528.

    Page 526, 527, 528 - Footnote 1 – The traditionary version of the name Semple or Sempill, mentioned by Crawfurd in his History of Renfrewshire, 41, and elsewhere, as having been given to the performer of the Caesarean operation on Princess Marjory, wife of Walter, Great Steward of Scotland, in 1317, has been remorselessly demolished by Lord Hailes in his Annals of Scotland, ii. 339-344; see also Archaeologia Scotica, 456-461. As will be observed, the name existed before the date of the operation which was said to be the occasion of it. Crawfurd’s Renfrew, 75. Reg. Mag. Sig., folio vol. 13, 69. Riddell says (Drumpellier Stirlings, 257) that Douglas multiplies ‘one Robert Sempill figuring early in the fourteenth century into no less than three Robert Sempills, taking each in succession seriatim after the other. The first of these ideals is made co-existent with the year 1246 and even earlier…
    Besides those of the name of Sempill mentioned above, there were others in Scotland, for on the last day of 1354 an assize found that Robert Symple, who was of lawful age, was the son of Alexander Symple, who had purchased a certain land or holding in the town of Esperstoun soon after the suppression of the Knights Templar by King Robert in the year of 1309.

  15.   Edwards, John. The Scottish Historical Review: The Templars In Scotland Thirteenth Century. . (Glasgow, Scotland: James Maclehose And Sons, 1908), Vol. 5. Pages 13-25.

    Page 17

    Translation of Charter by Brother Thomas De Lindesay Master of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem To Robert, Son of Alexander Symple of Haukerstoun. 1354

    Translation. To All the sons of the Holy Mother Church to whom these presents shall come Brother Thomas de Lindesay Master of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem within the Realm of Scotland [Wisheth] Everlasting Salvation in the Lord Whereas Robert Symple son of Alexander Symple of Haukerstoun in our Courts holden at 'Blantrodokis' and other public places frequently in the most earnest way possible besought us to grant him justice, and to give him an Assize of faithful men regarding a certain land or tenement lying within the territory of Esperstoun which belonged to the foresaid Alexander his father, declaring always before witnesses that if we refused to grant him full justice in our Court, he would in that case obtain redress by means of letters from the King's Chancery. Accordingly we being desirous to do justice and also fearing lest the King (1) or his Minister on our refusal, should take the matter in hand, which might result in great prejudice to our privileges, took counsel with our Brethren and legal experts first of all, and by common assent and consent of our Chapter held in our principal Court at 'Blantrodokis' on Wednesday the 3Oth day of the month of April A.D. 1354, the said Robert Symple having personally appeared in our presence seeking justice as formerly touching his petition, granted to him an Assize; to which Assize we did choose by ourselves and our brethren of the Chapter the soothfast and honourable men, as well free tenants as others underwritten, from the best and most reverend of our whole lordship through whom the truth of the matter might be better known, and for this purpose they touched the holy Gospels and took the greater oath, namely William Slyeth (2) of Temple, Laurence son of Peter, Thomas de Megeth, John de Elewoldschawe, Richard de Yorkistoun, Adam Hoy, Richard de Esthouse, William Broun, Richard Doune, Richard de Croshauhope, William son of Mariota, Hugh de Haukyrstoun, and Patrick son of David Sutor of Arnaldistoun : Who being sworn and accorded, narrating the whole progress [of title] of the said land or holding from the beginning unto the end, in what manner it came into the hands of the Templars and by what means
    (1) Edward III. Edward III of England
    (2) Bailiff of the Hospitallers at Balantrodach. Knights Hospitaller

    Page 18

    it had been recovered from them, in virtue of their oath duly given say that there was a certain man, by name Robert the Scot, who was true lord and just possessor of the said land and died lawfully vest and seized in the same; that he had a daughter who succeeded him as heiress, by name Christiana, whom William son of Galfrid of Haukirstoun (1) married, and by whom the said William had three sons, vizt. Richard ‘Coque, or Cook’, William called William son of Christiana, and Brounin his younger brother; that the said William son of Galfrid, more given to ease than to labour, during his life, conveyed the said land the patrimony of his said wife, for his lifetime, to the Templars in return for his maintenance, seeing that he could not make a more ample alienation of the said land ; whereby he moved it away from his wife and not away from himself. The said William accordingly lived in the house of the Temple and the said Christiana his wife dwelt in a certain residence on the said property assigned to her though barely sufficient for the support of herself and her boys, until the death of the said William her husband. On his death, there came to the home of the said Christiana the Master of the House of the Temple with his followers at Esperstoun. Wishing to drive her forth from her home and property, he said that he had bought the said land from her deceased husband; but this the said Christiana controverted and expressly denied, declaring to him that her husband neither sold to him the said land nor could in any manner do so, as that land was her property and not her husband's. But the foresaid Master, in no wise desisting on account of her declarations, ordered his followers to drag her forth from her house, and she, resisting this with all her might, closed the doors of the house by which the brethren followers of the said Master had entered, and they dragged her to the door, and when she had reached the house-door, she put her arms in the vault of the door and thus twining them she held on firmly so that they could not pull her forth. Seeing this one of the followers of the Master drew out his knife and cut off one of Christiana's fingers, and they thus forcibly and wrongfully expelled her, wounded by the amputation of her finger, sobbing and shrieking, from her home and heritage, and the Master foresaid in this manner intruded himself by main force [de facto] seeing that he could not do so 'de jure' The said Christiana, thus illegally expelled, maltreated and foully injured, approached the Royal Court and was at length conducted into the King's presence at Newbotill, and she then declared the whole facts and the injury done to her by the mutilation of her member. The King (2) having heard these things was greatly moved and ordered inquiry to be made in the premises by Writ in Chancery by which the truth was known and the said Christiana was forthwith again infeft in her said land and lawfully and honourably restored to the same, and thereafter remained in peaceable possession
    (1) Galfrid le Simple appears more than once as a messenger in the English Wardrobe Accounts of 1299-1300 (Liber Quot. Card., pp. 297-8).
    (2) Edward I of England. He was at Newbotle on Tuesday, 5th June, 1296, and left for Holyrood next day. Gough, Itinerary, ii. p. 280.

    Page 19

    thereof for a lengthened period. But afterwards war having broken out and increasing between the Kingdoms, the gates of justice were closed and the foresaid Master of the Temple a second time took forcible possession of the said land, the said Christiana being illegally driven forth as formerly; and having thus taken possession he retained it contrary to justice, for some time, namely, up to the date of the Battle of Falkirk (1) in which battle the said Master whose name was Brian de Jaia took part and led from England with him a large body of Welshmen and came to ‘Blantrodokis’ four days before the said battle and there dwelt. Thereupon Richard ‘Coque, or Cook’ the above mentioned eldest son of the said Christiana heard of the arrival of the foresaid Master and appeared in his presence and sought of him his land, which the Master himself retained having illegally expelled his mother. But the Master deceitfully requested him on the morrow to come and guide the said Welshmen to Listoun, promising to do him justice regarding his land there; but the said Master meanwhile arranged with the Captain of the said force to slay the said Richard, which was done; for on the morrow as the said Richard came to guide the said Welshmen from 'Balintrodokis' to Listoun they murdered the said Richard in the Wood of Clerkyntoun (2) and left his body there after they had rifled it. And thus the said land was illegally retained in the hands of the said Templars, where it remained for some time afterwards, namely up to the time of their destruction (3) which took place in the reign of the most serene prince King Robert the Illustrious, in whose time William son of the said Christiana and at that time heir to her and to his brother the said murdered Richard obtained formal letters from the King's Chancery directed to the Sheriff and Bailies of Edinburgh regarding his right in and to the said land which had belonged to his said mother; whereupon a faithful Inquisition being made with diligence by the said Sheriff in the premises by means of the elder and more trustworthy men of the whole neighbourhood (4) it was clearly ascertained that the said land or holding was the property of the said Christiana the mother of the said William in which she was vest and seized; which land the said Christiana never gave nor sold nor alienated in any way in favour of anyone. And although William the son of Galfrid her husband beforementioned placed the said land in the hands of the Templars by a certain agreement for his lifetime, it was rendered null by law, since this agreement had and could have no force after his death, seeing that the said land was the estate of his wife, and consequently the foresaid Templars could have no right by virtue of such an agreement or alienation made by her said husband in and to the said land on his death, nor was their claim of any validity after his death: Moreover it was ascertained that William son of the said Christiana was son and nearest heir
    (1) 1298.
    (2) Now Rosebery.
    (3) In Scotland, November, 1309. See Processus contra Templarios in Scotia (Spottiswoode Miscellany, vol. ii. p. 7).
    (4) Patria. This term is used in a restricted sense, signifying the vicinity outside the walls of the Religious house. Vide Raine, North Durham, p. 124.

    Note: 2nd to the last of the English Knights Templar Master Brian de Jaia mentioned above appears to be on a List of Knights Templar as Brian le Jay (1296–1298).

    Note: Rosebery, an estate, with a small mansion, in Temple parish, Edinburghshire, on the left side of the river South Esk, 4 miles SW of Gorebridge. The ancient barony of Nicolson, in the quondam parish of Clerkington, it was purchased in 1695 by Archibald Primrose, M.P., and erected into the new barony of Rosebery-a title assumed by him on his elevation to the peerage of Scotland as Viscount in 1700, and Earl in 1703. He sold it in 1712; but the fourth Earl repurchased it in 1821. Its large and ancient mansion-house was demolished in 1805-12. See Dalmeny.—Ord. Sur., sh. 32, 1857.
    Source: Francis Hindes Groome's Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland (1894), Page 257.

    Page 20

    of his said mother and of lawful age : And the truth of the matter having been thus faithfully ascertained and declared in due order of law, the said William son of Christiana obtained heritable seizin of the said land or tenement with its pertinents which belonged to his foresaid mother, justly and legally, and thus brought into true and peaceful possession of the same, and freely and peacefully vest and seized, he enjoyed for many years the said land with all its pertinents :And the said jurors say unanimously that these things are true
    :And they say further that the said William son of the foresaid Christiana afterwards in the greatest and most urgent necessity, gave, granted, and heritably in all time coming disponed his said land or holding with all its pertinents to his dear kinsman Alexander Symple before-named and his heirs for a certain sum of money which the said Alexander gave and fully paid :Of which land or holding with its pertinents the foresaid Alexander obtained from the Superior who at that time held the lordship of 'Blantrodokis' (1) heritable seizin in due form, and being lawfully put into corporal possession of the same, remained vest and seized of the said land or tenement with its pertinents for many years in peaceful possession :And they say that the said Robert Symple is the son and heir of the said Alexander his father and of lawful age :These things say the said jurors with one accord in all the premises in virtue of their oath taken by them
    :Therefore We having God before our eyes and wishing to do justice to everyone do grant to the said Robert as son and heir of the foresaid Alexander Symple the full infeftment lawfully due to him in the said land or tenement with all and singular the pertinents thereof in God's name, and do deliver to him heritable seizin with our own hands by common consent of our Brethren at Haukyrstoun (2)
    :upon Monday on the Feast of St. Dunstan Archbishop (3)
    :in the year above mentioned, before these Witnesses William Sleeth of Temple, Laurence son of Peter, William Tod, John son of Roger, Laurence Squire and many others
    :Nevertheless we ordain by these our letters patent Adam called Morcell our Serjeant of ‘Blantrodokis' to put the said Robert Symple upon the ground of the said land or holding into corporal possession of the same with its pertinents saving the rights of every one
    :Which Adam Morcell, having cited the worthy men by virtue of our precept, upon the ground of the said land or holding gave corporal heritable seizin of the same with all its pertinents to the said Robert Symple upon Tuesday on the morrow of the said feast of St. Dunstan in the year before written in the presence of the good men witnesses to the said seizin, vizt.
    :William Slieth foresaid at that time our Bailiff at ‘Blantrodokis’, Laurence son of Peter, Adam de Hermistoun, Thomas de Megeth, Alan de Yorkystoun, Adam de Wedale, at that time our Forester at Blantrodocis', John de Catkoyn, John Tod, Alan de Wedale,
    (1) Probably Reginald More, who had a grant from Brother Ralph de Lindesay [i39- I 333]-
    (2) Ha/kerstoun, prebenda In co/kgio de Crelchtoun (Reg. Mag. Sig. I. Jac. iv. No.784)-
    (3) 19th May. Dunstan

    Page 21

    William son of Mariota, Richard de Yorkystoun, William Tod, William Brown, John de Camera, Alan son of Symon de Herioth, Thomas son of Hugh de Middletoun, Robert Morcell, Oliver Fuller, Patrick Sutor, Patrick Morcell, John Bell de Locworward, the said Adam Morcell our Serjeant and many others : And that all these premises may be kept in memory, that the truth of the matter may be known in future time we have caused these our Letters patent to be sealed with our Common Seal
    :Given at 'Blantrodocis' on the day and year above said.

  16.   Groome, Francis H. Ordnance gazetteer of Scotland: a survey of Scottish topography, statistical, biographical, and historical. (Edinburgh: Thomas C. Jack, Grange Publishing Works, 1883-1886), Page 257.

    Rosebery, an estate, with a small mansion, in Temple parish, Edinburghshire, on the left side of the river South Esk, 4 miles SW of Gorebridge. The ancient barony of Nicolson, in the quondam parish of Clerkington, it was purchased in 1695 by Archibald Primrose, M.P., and erected into the new barony of Rosebery-a title assumed by him on his elevation to the peerage of Scotland as Viscount in 1700, and Earl in 1703. He sold it in 1712; but the fourth Earl repurchased it in 1821. Its large and ancient mansion-house was demolished in 1805-12. See Dalmeny.—Ord. Sur., sh. 32, 1857.

  17.   Clan Sempill, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  18.   Keith Allen Semple